Requested on the forum. Uses the standard artillery.kfm.
The M115 203 mm howitzer, also known as the M115 8 inch howitzer, and originally 8 inch Howitzer M1 was a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army. Until 1962, it was designated the 8 inch Howitzer M1. The original design started in 1919, but lapsed until resurrected in 1927 as a partner piece for a new 155 mm gun. It was standardized as 8 inch Howitzer M1 in 1940. The M1 was towed by the M35 Prime Mover gun tractor or a Mack 7⅓ ton 6×6 truck.
Like the British BL 8-inch Howitzer of the First World War (and most other large artillery), the M115 uses a Welin screw for its breech. The carriage was the same as used for the US 155 mm gun and was also adopted by the British for their BL 7.2-inch howitzer. It consists of a split trail with equilibrator assemblies, elevating and traversing mechanisms, a two-axle bogie with eight tires, and a single-wheel, single-axle heavy limber for towing. Four spades, carried on the trails, are used to emplace the weapon. The British 8 inch howitzer was produced in England and under license in the US, for the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I, as the 8" Howitzer Mk. VI. It was in service with the US Army till replaced by the M115. There are no reports of the Mk. VI or other marks being used during World War II.
The first photos of the M1 type 8 inch howitzer on its redesigned carriage appeared in 1931, but development was slowed by the Great Depression.
The M1 saw U.S. service in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. In the late 1950s, it was adopted in small numbers by several NATO armies, to fire the W33 (M422/M422A1 shell) and later the W79 nuclear artillery shell, under the NATO nuclear sharing concept, a role which ended when the smallest types of tactical nuclear weapons were removed from service and eliminated. It was also adopted as a field weapon by a number of nations in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia and saw service in the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis and the Croatian War of Independence.