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20 most important events of european history

Discussion in 'World History' started by Squonk, Sep 10, 2010.

  1. Squonk

    Squonk Chieftain

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    that form european identity and should be in every european schoolbook. What are they? My list would go about like this

    1) ancient greek history (philosophy, Athens vs Sparta, Alexander, diadochoi)
    2) roman expansion
    3) spread of christianity
    4) fall of the roman empire
    5) Arabs (and Slavs) attack
    6) great schism
    7) second wave of spread of christianity (Bulgaria, Moravia, Poland, Ruthenia, Scandinavia)
    8) crusades
    9) fight between pope and emperor
    10) renaissance
    11) turkish threat
    12) reformation
    13) great discoveries
    14) englightment
    15) french revolution, incl. Napoleon
    16) growth of nationalism and socialism
    17) ww1
    18) ww2
    19) cold war
    20) EU
     
  2. Owen Glyndwr

    Owen Glyndwr La Femme Moderne

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    I dunno, those topics are super duper broad. This wasn't so much a events thing as a broad flow of general history, so which do you want? Specific events or general history topics?
     
  3. bombshoo

    bombshoo Never mind...

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    What's an "event"? I am sort of confused as to how you can have ~8 things listed for the Middle Ages and yet list almost all of Classical history as a single event.
     
  4. Gruekiller

    Gruekiller Back From The Beyond

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    If you mean single points, the Battle of Vienna and the Battle of Waterloo are both important turning points. I might also point at the 1st Crusade and the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
     
  5. Magnificent One

    Magnificent One Stetsons are cool.

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    My list of important European Events.

    1) The Persian Empire
    2) Alexander the Great
    3) Rome VS Carthage
    4) The Roman Empire
    5) Christianity
    6) Fall of West Rome
    7) Byzantium
    8) Arabian Expansion
    9) Founding of Islam
    10) Dark Ages
    11) Hundred Years War
    12) Crusades
    13) Teutonic Order
    14) The Ottoman Empire + Fall of Constantinople
    15) Renaisance
    16) Colonialism
    17) Napoleonic Wars
    18) World War I
    19) World War II
    20) The Cold War
     
  6. Squonk

    Squonk Chieftain

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    I do not mean singular battles, sorry for not making myself clear. I mean sort of cultural movements, changes in history that made profound, structural influence on it... hm...


    I do not.
    1) ancient greek history (philosophy, Athens vs Sparta, Alexander, diadochoi) - ANCIENT
    2) roman expansion - ANCIENT
    3) spread of christianity - ANCIENT
    4) fall of the roman empire - ANCIENT
    5) Arabs (and Slavs) attack - on the verge of ANTIQUITY

    It's 4-5 points, not 1

    Magnificent One, why Teutonic Order? When I think of it, its most important influence was cutting Slavs from the Baltic Sea, influencing Lithuania into chosing catholicism over orthodoxy (which's results were overturned by partages etc)... but in general, their influence was regional and not more profound than any other state's.

    oh, I forgot Mongols, they made a huge impact on half of Europe. And it is in fact, now that I think of it, the common thing in european and turkish history :)

    Why do you put arab expansion before birth of islam, and why are these events separate?

    Why 100 yw is so important? It did contribute to the art of warfare I guess... But in fact it only ment expulsion of the English from France, which is a return to a situation that existed before... hm... perhaps it also contributed to existance of a long France vs England feud, but it was one of many in history and not the most important.
     
  7. Chieftess

    Chieftess Moderator Retired Moderator

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    Kind of broad list for 20, but here's a quick 5 (with long-lasting consequences) -

    1 - Roman Empire - The basis for many languages, and words imported into other languages.

    2 - Rise of Christianity - Defined the European culture, and acts as a unifying force.

    3 - The Great Migrations - Pressures from China (direct and indirect) forced many seeking Roman lands. These would eventually become countries (as well as provide a monarchial government to Europe) In a way, this made Europe many competing cultures rather than one (like China), which would have importance in the future.

    4 - Founding of Islam/Rise of the Arabian Empire - Cuts off direct Europe-to-China trade (unless they wanted to pay a "protection tax"). This would be part of the reason Europe sought a quicker route to China (after finding Africa was so large)

    5 - Colonization - A consequence of 3 and 4. It essentially was what Rome was to the Medditeranian area, only as a very loose "alliance" of nations vying for land. This would trigger wars and revolutions in Europe later.
     
  8. GinandTonic

    GinandTonic Saphire w/ Schweps + Lime

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    How are the agricultural and industrial revoloutions not on the lists given they completely changed the lives of every european and the whole political economy of the continent. Twice.
     
  9. Squonk

    Squonk Chieftain

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    I didn't put economic events on the list. Maybe I should.
     
  10. Owen Glyndwr

    Owen Glyndwr La Femme Moderne

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    I still don't really understand the point of this thread. From here it looks like all we're doing is outlining what chapters there would be in a Euro-history textbook. I think individual events would be much more interesting, and much more prone to discussion that what this is supposed to be.
     
  11. Quackers

    Quackers The Frog

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    inb4 accusations of eurocentricity

    I would say the French and Russian revolutions are worth mentioning.
     
  12. Louis XXIV

    Louis XXIV Le Roi Soleil

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    Since the thread says events, I'm going to pick an event that's symbolic of a broader change.

    1. The First Punic War, Rome conquers Sicily (or the establishment of the Roman Empire generally).
    2. Caesar's Conquest of Gaul (original unifying culture of Europe)
    3. Constantine ends persecution of Christianity (more or less representing Christianity spreading in the Empire)
    4. Odoacer overthrows the last Roman Emperor in the west (barbarian migration period, fall of the Roman Empire)
    5. Charles Martel halts the advance of Islam
    6. Charlemagne crowned as Roman Emperor (reestablishment of political unity, uniting Western Europe in allegiance to the Pope).
    7. Investiture Controversy (dominance of the Papacy, ending of the church as personal property)
    8. Crusades (defining the boundaries of Europe, intellectual reawakening due to rediscovering Greek sources).
    9. The Plague! (demographic shifts, mercantile revitalization).
    10. Gutenberg invents the Printing Press
    11. Discovery of America (change in economy of Europe).
    12. 30 Years War (end of Papal dominance, rise of European political balance).
    13. Locke, Voltaire, Adam Smith, and others publish their works (height of the Enlightenment)
    14. The French Revolution (rise of Nationalism and spread of ideals of liberty).
    15. Congress of Vienna (Concert of Europe and policies that followed until World War I).
    16. Unification of Germany
    17. World War I (destroyed three Empires).
    18. Bolshevik Revolution (rise of the Communist movement in Europe).
    19. Potsdam Conference (post-World War II East/West divide. I considered the fall of Berlin and the bombing of Hiroshima as other possible events)
    20. Establishment of the European Economic Community

    That was quite fun. A couple of other events I would have loved to have included if I could fit more.
     
  13. Arriaga II

    Arriaga II Chieftain

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    Here's 20 of the most important single events in European history, several of the events did not occur in Europe.

    1. The migrants that introduced agriculture in Europe.
    2. Whatever the hell happened that triggered the Bronze Age Collapse.
    3. Cyrus creates an empire in Mesopotamia.
    4. Philip V allies with Carthage.
    5. Attila has a nosebleed.
    6. The invention of the stirrup.
    7. The invention of Greek Fire.
    8. The death of Ogedei Khan.
    9. Genoese traders from Kaffa land at Messina.
    10. The utilization of paper in Europe for the first time.
    11. Luther refuses to recant at the Diet of Worms.
    12. Atahualpa invites the party of strangers to meet at Cajamarca.
    13. Galileo learns about the newly invented telescope.
    14. The death of Elizabeth I of Russia.
    15. Watt develops his modified steam engine.
    16. The flight of Louis XVI.
    17. McClellan pulls a McClellan after Special Order 191 is discovered.
    18. Louis Pasteur demonstrates his metholodogy via milk.
    19. Ludendorff lets Lenin pass through Germany to Russia.
    20. Einstein is persuaded to write a letter to FDR.
     
  14. Louis XXIV

    Louis XXIV Le Roi Soleil

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    Cool list, but why Greek Fire?
     
  15. Arriaga II

    Arriaga II Chieftain

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    I'm no expert on the Byzantines, so I tried to think of the most obvious event that would symbolize their ability to avoid the fate of the Sassanid Empire.

    Thus, checking the expansion of Islam into Europe for 600 years (except Spain).
     
  16. Tee Kay

    Tee Kay Challenge accepted

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    1. Development of philosophy in Ancient Greece
    2. Rise of the Roman Empire
    3. Rise of Christianity and Christianization of the Roman Empire
    4. Germanic/Barbarian Migrations
    5. Rise of Islam
    6. Eastern Roman revival under the Macedonian and the Komnenoi dynasties
    7. Great Schism
    8. The Crusades
    9. The Black Death
    10. The Renaissance
    11. The Printing Press
    12. Rise of the Ottomans
    13. Rise of the Habsburg
    14. Conquest of the New World
    15. The Reformation
    16. The Enlightenment
    17. The Industrial Revolution
    18. World War I
    19. Bolshevik Revolution
    20. World War II
     
  17. Masada

    Masada Koi-san!

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    Themes. Also, disunity in the Islamic world itself.
     
  18. cubsfan6506

    cubsfan6506 Got u

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    1. 1900-2000
    2. 1700-1800
    3. 500-600
    4. 400-500
    5. 1800-1900
    6. 0-100
    7. 100-200
    8. 200-300
    9. 600-700
    10. 700-800
    11. 800-900
    12. 1600-1700
    13. 2000-pres
    14. England
    15. 1200-1300
    16. 1500-1600
    17. 1300-1400
    18.1000-1100
    19. 1100-1300
    20. Dday

    All dates are C.E, nothing happened important before then.
     
  19. Tee Kay

    Tee Kay Challenge accepted

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    You mean A.D., and not even Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome?
     
  20. Plotinus

    Plotinus Philosopher Administrator

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    "Classical" does not mean the same thing as "ancient". Of the five topics you give here, only the first two could be considered "classical".

    And I agree that it's pretty absurd to just label the whole of "ancient Greek history" as a single "event". By that logic, I can list the most important events in European history like this:

    (1) European history.

    CE is the standard scholarly form. And we are not going to have that argument again, at least not here.
     

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