It's complicated. Looking at TOS and nuTrek there just have to be differences, for the same reasons that there have to be differences between TNG and this Picard show. Viewers in the 1960s could look at a depiction of a 23rd century starship with consoles decorated with Christmas tree bulbs and see "futuristic." Viewers in 2020 just can't see it that way. We may make a good effort when we watch TOS episodes, with that nostalgia helping to quell the disbelief, but in a recently made movie it would never work. So a lot of the design changes, like them or not, are simply necessary.