Okay, I see your point about the cows. (I am still getting over the comment, "You'll get the cow when you expand, anyway") That struck me as funny, esp. since... well, it wouldn't be nice to say. I'd get perma-banned. Settling on a spot gives it an irrigated effect. The reason you think it is mined is a bonus thrown in by Sid: If you settle on a square with no shields, you get one shield free as part of the terrain. This is so that is isn't ever truly impossible to win, even though there are some setups that not even Sid Mier himself could win. To answer numbers 3 & 4, I'll switch Coimba and that other one to Workers. That'll help. What I can do about The Wheel and Iron Working is get Republic, and see about getting Wheel and Masonry from Theodora. Thanks to my Curragh, I know she has 'em. I just didn't want to lose a monopoly on Writing just because I wanted a single tech. I learned that lesson with Alphabet. You see, I hate Despotism for obvious reasons, so I value other governments very highly, with the exception of Fundamentalism. Yes, I know it's called Facsism, but it is Fundy. I'll be lurking around the forum a little while. Then Round 8 will be up.