Well, I'm not quite that old. But Sputnik did radically change education in the US. Math and science were given a much higher priority than they had before. Science and engineering were stressed. Isn't that true for any field of endeavor? Isn't all university education free to those who qualify? Don't you think all education should be free? Wouldn't this help alleviate all the other existing problems as well by taking class struggle and preferences to the affluent out of higher education? That sounds like dealing with the effects of racism and bigotry. I think we would agree that this is a fundamental difference between the two countries and should not even be a concern of the public school teachers. And this sounds like policies instituted during the GWB administration to try to curtail costs. Do they still exist, or do they only appear when the Republicans are in power, as do other similar absurd measures?