Depends on the riot factor and trade arrows. As a general rule of thumb, I build Bach's after the first round of PDS (city size 8) in order to allow a second one (city size 8-12) coupled with the advent of Democracy (assuming you have enough black hats in your cities) I know that with 15 cities out of 25 under size 3, that a PDS will not exactly give the best results, but Bach's is still pretty solid. In order to get there, we need to get Feudalism and WC. I suggest taking WC from the Carthaginians by city bribe/tech theft/whatever, and then wait for something (trade/conquest/hut) to give us Feudalism (unless unrest becomes too much of a problem) Then, we shift research for Theology. HOWEVER, I noticed that quite a few cities were taking hits because of unit unhappiness (triremes) so that may be altered (researching Feudalism ourselves) The question is: Is losing the first row of shields for rushbuys worth a happiness boon? With that being said, I think getting a few temples in size 5+ cities (If we do not get Bach's at medium term) would be a good idea. We do not have enough cities (We have 25, which is okay at this point) to trigger the BH factor even in our smallest and most remote cities, which does not help. Barcelona can have a hides caravan PRB'd. Is the surplus of caravan the reason why we seem to defer on that opportunity? A few cities have garrisons when they should not. I can understand Madrid, because it is the capital, but the Warriors in Toledo and the Legion in Valencia are being a bit of a drain. Same thing for the Chariot in Pamplona... I don't think that it's needed. If barbs appear, we can simply bribe away their units, their conquered cities or simply pay tribute. (A few cities also need some harbours/irrigation to grow back at size 3. An example is Madrid.) Making a blockade city at (93, 37) to block the Americans may be worth considering, especially if they get the Pyramids. I don't think it's a good idea to let them become too powerful since they are already benefiting from our delivery trade arrows. I would try and techbomb the Sioux so we can swap maps with them, and know where Killdeer is, We can bribe it away afterwards if we want to.