This is a bit out of order from the apparent track the DG4 discussions is taking, but I don't want to forget about it later... There have been several comments that PI's are inherently personal / political / emotional acts. That's not what was really intended by the DG founders, but there can be little doubt that the motivation to request a PI usually stems from one of these sources. How about something like the following, with each point inserted at the appropriate place. It probably needs a lot of work on wording, but I'm mainly interested in hearing how the idea itself is accepted. No person shall bring charges against another without sufficient cause. Doing so knowingly or maliciously is an offense against the unjustly accused, and the people. If the judiciary determines that a charge has "no merit", the case shall then be examined to determine if the accuser raised the charges knowing there was no merit, or in a malicious manner. If either is the case, a unanimous vote of the judiciary may result in counter-charges against the accuser. To avoid an escalating cycle of charges and counter-charges, the charge of "knowing or malicious false accusation" may only be introduced by the judiciary, by unanimous vote.