Spearman: Str 7 +100% against mounted Horseman: Str 10 no def bonus and -33% against cities Horse units are limited to a side role when they should be terrors on the battlefield. Large numbers of mounted soldiers were not used because they were ineffective but because they were very expensive (and prestigious). Knights are faring better than horsemen, but they're still having a tough fight against longswordmen when it should not be the case. Granted, cavalry is nearly useless against fortification, but on the open field, they should stomp swordmen/longswordmen especially with spearmen/pikemen being efficient counters. Rock/Paper/Scissor dictates that Horseman kills Swordman, Swordman kills Spearman and Spearman kills Horseman. This is just not the case. Mounted units are relegated in an auxiliary support role when they should be the tip of the spear (Knights especially).