@ chips2150 I found a better text for Timber, so you have to do it over. (sorry for the extra work) Spoiler : [TAB]Timber is a term used to describe wood; either standing or that has been processed for use as material for construction. Uses for timber in the ancient Mediterranean were numerous; uses included ship building, architecture, furniture, fortifications, tools, weapons, fuel, and many more. Proper timber was especially important in ship building and the availability of this wood dictated which nations could build and maintain navies. The need for timber in Greece, Crete, and the Italian Peninsula is thought to have cause severe deforestation in these regions and the need to import suitable timber from other regions. Important source regions for timber in the ancient Mediterranean included Crete, Germania, and Syria. You also didn't include the slaves text. Spoiler : [TAB]In the Early Middle Ages, slavery was being slowly replaced by serfdom. In some areas outside of Western Europe, however, slaves were still a vital part of the economy. [TAB]In the Viking era starting c. 793, the Norse raiders often captured and enslaved their opponents. In Norway and Iceland the slaves were called Thralls. The thralls were mostly from Western Europe, among them many Franks, Irish and Anglo-Saxons. There is evidence of German and south European slaves as well. The Norse slavery came to an end with the breakthrough of christianity and national laws in the Scandinavian countries. [TAB]The Arab world has traded in slaves like many other cultures of the region. It was one of the oldest slave trades, predating the European transatlantic slave trade by hundreds of years. The Arab or Middle Eastern slave trade is thought to have originated with trans-Saharan slavery. The Moors, starting in the 8th century, raided coastal areas of the Mediterranean and Northern European (including British and even as far north as Scandinavian) coastal areas and would carry away sometimes whole villages to the Moorish slave markets on the Barbary Coast.