I often end in a situation when my research rate significantly dropped with first-second non-capital city. I am unable to get to Writing before first non-capital city (around T35-T50) and to Currency (T90-110) / Alphabet (T60-80). Sometimes I even research Currency by Library scientists at 0Gpt. With Philosophical leader I can base my entire research power on settled GS (near 1-2 + Academy at T100 + 2 from Great Lib). To be concrete. It is T50 (the save is attached). My income 12Gpt, taxes 7Gpt (1Gpt to support large number of units). Search path: I am ready to settle second noncap city which is resulted in income 13Gpt and taxes 11Gpt. +2Gpt for research (( So I won't see library in near future )) I played game 2nd time, first time I went for AH and it cost me 12T and almost non beakers in Writing before I got to zero Gold balance. It was unacceptable so I replayed. Another reason for starting again from 4000BC was Raging Barbarians option. I went for Hunting because it is cheap and there is Deer in the capital BFC. So I grew 3 early Warriors for fog busting as Barbs crippled the capital in the first attempt. Archery is expensive, so I avoid it. City maintenance is 9 (when I settled second noncap city) due to distance. If I placed cities near the capital it would be 6Gpt (I assume). I took Creative leader and survey shown important places to grab from AIs and secure my position: Resource placement can explain my decision (blue - me, red- AIs, yellow - my cities at T100): I see my problem for above map: * I don't have Cottages - that how I tried to improve situation. * I don't have roads (+3Gpt). * I avoided early Wonders having that I am Industrious. * I have good hammer / food surplus don't know how to convert it to research. * At T50 I have 3 workers only. I even steal one with quick peace treaty later. By T100 I was behind in tech race.