The research goal was: a better understanding how bacteria resist antibiotics on earth The location: space station ISS because it was known that somehow bacteria are more resistant there. (also bad news for astronauts) The findings: Bacteria become shape shifters "What's new is that we conducted a systematic analysis of the changing physical appearance of the bacteria during the experiments." more here: http://news.sky.com/story/shape-shifting-bacteria-spotted-on-international-space-station-11033655 and more detailed: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01598/full As side note: The origin of live is fascinating, but the evolutionary transition from mono-cellular to multi-cellular as well. We as multicellular have as embryo this stadium of being a clump of semi simular cells, and they communicate. But apparently single bacteria cells can do it as well in an effective fashion.