Jean-Baptiste de Beaumont-le-Vicomte or the story about how the French colonized the Americas. The voyage: The year was 1532, spring. The waves crashed against the hull, the beating sound like the slow drums of a slave-galley. The oil-lamp creaked as the rope it hung from, followed the motion of the ship. They’ve had gale-force winds for weeks now and there was no telling whether they were still on course, on course for what? All Jean knew were the stories about how Christobal Columbus reached a new world, a world full of riches and wonders. It were these stories that led Jean to gather his family fortune and join the crew of Jaques Cartier, the explorer from Brittany. Jean-Baptiste was a nobleman, nephew to Pièrre, Duc de Beamont-le-Vicomte. During his early life, he fought in the army of the Duke, mostly in direct command from the King. It was here that Jean learned most of the things that later made him so successful during the first important years after the founding of New-France. His profession a soldier, he was welcomed to the expedition by Cartier who knew he could rely on the de Beamont-le-Vicomte family’s tactical knowledge and friendship as almost half of the expedition’s costs was paid by Jean’s uncle. The crew had been restless when the weather had worsened, they never expressed much faith in Cartier’s skills to circumnavigate the great sea, but the endless months of isolation from the rest of the world was starting to take its toll. Jacques has tasked Jean to maintain order on the “Le Licorne”, one of the four ships that had set sail from Le Havre. Mutiny almost broke out when the “Le Dragon rouge” was so badly damaged in this rough weather that they had to leave it behind and divide her crew over the other three ships. It was Jean’s inspirational speech (much like the one he had given before the assault on Le Puy-en-Velay) that relaxed the tension on their ship. It was a Thursday, the 14th of April 1532 when one of the crewmen on “Le Dragon rouge” spotted land. It couldn’t have been a better timing, as most of the rations on the ship were depleted. The weather was still rough and they had a hard time to find a suitable place to anchor the ship, but they got a good look on the beaches as they found their way into the bay that was later called “Baie de Cartier”. This bay was deep enough for the ships to get within tens of meters from the coast. They could see the thick forests that enveloped the plain around the bay and not far from the forest’s edge, they saw a cluttering of tents. Anxious to see if these were the fabled Chinese Jean had read about in Marco Polo’s reports, Jean quickly led a group of his soldiers to the barges and they landed on the beach. It was this first meeting between Jean-Baptiste, Jacques Cartier and the local chief of this Colorado tribe that so defined the future of New-France. The chief, Guillome de Coloradas as the French called him, was friendly to the colonists which returned this friendliness. A statue of Guillome can be found on the market square in the bay-area of present-day Quebec. As the colonists had begun settling Quebec, a rather large portion of them joined the Indian tribe to learn from them the ways of the Colorado. As Cartier set off the explore the lands around their first colony, he left command to Jean-Baptiste, promoting him to governor of New-France. It had been clear from the beginning, that Jacques had no intention of leading his people, he had only come to the new world to explore. In the years that followed, Jacques would revisit Quebec on several occasions, always laden with gems and precious metals from the various tribes that lived in-land. Jacques however, would never return to France. Charged with the day-to-day command over the colonists, Jean quickly appointed the captain of the “Le Lion” (Bertrand de Coulomb) as his commander over the fleet. At that point it was a modest task, but the de Coulomb family held this office for nearly a hundred and fifty years before the fleet was officially under the administration of the Quebec admiralty. At first, Bertrand was tasked with hauling over new immigrants from the old world. When they had left, the reformation in Europe was in full swing and the French crown didn’t respond kindly to the protestant Huguenots. It was Bertrand’s task to bring as many religious refugees to New-France as possible. Shortly after their first visit, Jean returned to the Colorado village.