Of course not, by this definition almost any country in America was an Empire, even Brazil isn't an empire. And I know Brazilian history, as I said, I'm brazilian. The question is, why was the Pedro I an emperor and not just a king? Acctualy I know the answer, because he auto-proclamed him self emperor and nothing more. Henri Christophe isn't a populist leader, he was a general and libertador, of full african blood. And his right to be king of Haiti was linked of his full african heritage. The Petión, who proclamed the republic, was a mix-race. Acctually Henri Christophe had more rightness than Napoleon to be proclame himself emperor, because Henri proclame himself emperor after he achieve the independece of Haiti side by side with the other libertadors as Touissan Louverture, Jean Jaque Dessalines and Petión. Napoleon yes is just a populist, with a short lived empire. Of course the best option to be an emperor of Haiti was Touissan Louverture, but he died before the independence of Haiti was achieved. Jean Jaque Dessalines wasn't a rightness leader and was murded and of the two libertadors who left, just one has full african blood, and in one afro-centric nation as Haiti that means he was the only possible choice to be an emperor.