raen submitted a new resource: Portugal Civilization (Civ 6) - Portuguese empire at their best times! Just for the record, the starting point to this mod (subject to change): See here Read more about this resource... More Info about Portugal in-game (Civilopedia Text): Spoiler : Portugal, a small kingdom situated at the southern tip of Europe, launched the conquest of the worlds breaking physical and psychological unassailable barriers until then. In the age of closed worlds, dominated by fear and myths, but also the age of the world in movement, Portugal was in the vanguard. The Portuguese knew how to create and adapt the best boats while dominating winds and seas. They were the first to reach by the sea the Coast of Africa, India, Brazil, and Japan. More revolutionary than the much-celebrated feats of Columbus the feat of the Portuguese was more modern and planned long-term discovery venture, about which there is little knowledge, although it's getting unfolded, as Archaeology evolves and find new techniques and methods, discoveries are made, and some rare and hidden documents were found like “Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis”, written by Duarte Pacheco Pereira, a great explorer (Grande Explorador), an expert in all nautical science of Portuguese discoveries. At the time, there was a policy of enormous confidence concerning nautical science and discovered territories. As a great politician, Joao II knew that in order to be successful he needed to avoid competition. Often, he recurred to counter-information and distributed false information to distract his opponents. amazingly, about 350 years before...Portugal was made independent in the hands and mastermind of Afonso Henriques, who was also a very astute politician, but also a warrior, who made himself knight, no other above him, ruler of Portugal, new European Country. -------- With the country fully assembled in Afonsine Era by Afonso III, around 200 years later, from the Sea Prince Henry (Infante D. Henrique) launched the project of the discoveries of the new world, mainly to find new riches and trade. Joao II continued the project of his uncle with a lot of devotion to the Sea. But how a little country think so big? Prince Henry was part of the illustrious generation, with 5 brothers and 1 sister, all with their specialty, and the most notable of The Navigator (Prince Henry), the working engine of Portugal Golden Age. But all were sons of the great Joao I, master of the order of Avis, who was the bastard son king Pedro, but was made king with a dynastic crisis, and being the son of Pedro, a love of the people unfolded. Pedro protocolized the most beautiful, dying for love story many years before Shakespeare, "Pedro e Inês". João I married Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, who had proved to be a worthy ally. The marriage consolidated an Anglo-Portuguese Alliance that endures to the present day. João I last objective before dying was to conquer Ceuta, and it was where his sons were armed knights after the city-state of Ceuta was conquered by them. The battle itself was almost anti-climactic, because the 45,000 men who traveled on 200 Portuguese ships (with a red cross in their sails), caught the defenders of Ceuta off guard. The red cross in Portuguese ships has story behind, besides Prince Henry being at the time the owner of the Order of Christ, who created it was Dinis I (son of Afonso III), who made The Discoveries possible by all means, Portuguese was made main language instead of Latin, he contracted the first great admiral, Manuel Pessanha, who´s role was the predecessor of Great Explorers (Grande Explorador), to keep sea borders and trade safe, and last but not least Dinis maintained and grow the Leiria pines forest, to sustain the sand, but for this great project of discoveries was one of main sources of wood for first great ships, like Caravela Latina and Nau. -------- The Caravela Latina (the caravel of the discoveries) was the ship of discoveries. Notably, this ship could navigate almost against the wind using the "bolina" technique - a zigzag navigation method to get ahead of the wind direction. In Africa along the coast of the Sahara Desert to the green zone, one of the most critical navigation of that time, the winds blow always the same way, relatively easy to go south but it was almost impossible to go back because it was against the wind. Only Caravela Latina, commanded by the Great Explorer (Grande Explorador), had the ability to make this travel. This was a revolutionary ship to be able to explore the Atlantic, an agile vessel that achieved remarkable speeds against the wind. A very versatile and maneuverable ship could navigate in unknown waters. They could go further, carry more cargo and navigate places that other ships wouldn't dare to go. The Portuguese were very good at making hybrid versions of the already existing technology in Europe. For instance, they took very heavy used ships in the northern seas of Europe and joined used Mediterranean sails. With this approach, the Portuguese took the first step to a new type of pioneering shipbuilding, with the new scheme of sails. All rise at the command of Infante D. Henrique (Prince Henry) with the support of his Escola de Sagres at the tipping point of Portugal. Here he could see his ship's departure with the first big wind blow! Later, Joao II began to dominate the South Atlantic which was an entirely unknown area before the Portuguese discoveries. With the great Caravela Latina, Portuguese made the exploration of the west coast of Africa. Their presence along the coast was signaled by the setting of Padrões (plural of Padrão), which are still visible today in some parts of the African continent. The Portuguese gradually descended along the coast, discovering something close to 300 kilometers per year. The idea was to gradually expand knowledge and eventually achieve a viable path to Asia - which was obviously the main objective. With Caravela Latina the cable of storms was doubled under command of Bartolomeu Dias (Grande Explorador), a remarkable achievement that no other vessel had done before. For thousands of years, there were two completely separate sea lanes that suddenly came together, a true whole-world Portuguese feat. The caravel of discovery (Caravela Latina) had completed its mission after returning to Lisbon at the end of 1488. The navigators have told to King (João II) about the impossibility of keeping the journey beyond the Cape of Good Hope (aka former cable of storms, since João II changed the name). They simply did not have strongest enough ships to be able to successfully navigate through the dark seas in existence at the place, then Joao II make a plan... -------- Ten years later, Vasco da Gama (Grande Explorador) would complete the most extensive sea voyage that had been relaunched in the history of mankind. Portuguese arrived at India on board of another type of ship, which was named "Nau"! Vessels that had long-lasting conditions could withstand the inherent difficulties and had a large cargo capacity. Nau was very successful and the ship of the future. It was constantly improved and the most used vessel in Europe during the centuries 16th to 18th. The ship increased considerably in size between the end of the 15th and 17th centuries. The Flor do Mar is an example of this increase in size and with the longest to live (9 years). It was also preferred of Afonso de Albuquerque, the last one to use this ship. The Nau It was equipped with round sails that generate more power than default ones, with this extra capacity that other ships in the 16th century did not have, it was able to make round-trip navigations to India. The Portuguese arrived in India in 1498 whilst the English and the Dutch almost 100 years later. The Portuguese arrival was a new milestone: for the first time, a European power stepped in Asia. They started commerce tradings but the main goal was to conquer the land. The career of India begun here. The Sea path opens the commerce that until then was made by land route with many intermediaries, shortly began to be dominated by the Portuguese. They enhanced the Asiatic economy by shifting the trade and commercial networks to a greater scale, resizing Asiatic trade. With these new capabilities, Portugal acquired the monopoly of spices trade in Europe. They created Casa da India, a Commercial monopolized outpost for managing all aspects of overseas trade working like a Feitoria. Casa da Índia was not the first unique name of this monopoly icon. The first know name was Casa de Ceuta, where the Mediterranean profits were managed. Then the name changed to Casa da Guiné when they started to manage the Mediterranean and mainly new African profits. Later on, it changed to Casa da India when they added big Asiatic profits to its managing perks. This huge monopoly has changed the World Economy at the time. As a result of this increasing trade in Lisbon, Bairro Alto was born as a response to the social & economic transformation in Lisbon in the second half of the 15th century. Commercial development brings the growth in the population and construction expansion within the medieval walled city. This social phenomenon resulted in the urbanization process of the Bairro Alto district. Nowadays, in this neighborhood, the real culture of Portugal is alive. This context also made Lisbon miss larger key infrastructures, so Manuel I petitioned the Holy See to construct Mosteiro dos Jerónimos replacing holy site dedicated to Santa Maria de Belém and where the monks (Monge Jerónimo) would assist seafarers in transit, in a larger scale. Also, to defend Lisbon Manuel I ordered to build Torre de Belém, working together with an old Nau with a lot of cannons. --------- When the Portuguese went to the Indic Ocean they tried whenever possible to establish agreements with the local kings. In many places, commercial negotiations had failed and they had to conquer these territories to the Muslims. Between Mozambique and East, the Portuguese built more than 50 sea fortresses (they were Feitorias, that outside territory had to look like fortresses, meaning that the target was to defend the trade and incoming goods for Portuguese). Conquered by Portuguese at the beginning of the 16th century, Ormuz on Iran, Goa in India, and Malacca in Malaysia were key points that the military strategist Afonso de Albuquerque helped to achieve and maintain, as viceroy of India. The Portuguese were maritime warriors and their ideology was to conquer many lands, so they haven't brought the women along. Afonso De Albuquerque, while ruler, wanted to build a correct society and made efforts to foster marriages between natives and foreigners, even if a priest was not present. Also, he gained the antipathy of many captains that only wanted to plunder and get riches. King Manuel listened to the captain's complaints, always trying to be just for all, but at the end, when Afonso de Albuquerque died Manuel I fully recognized his great feats (known as the Lion of The Seas), with the control of India and some of the Red Sea areas close to India. The Portuguese culture is still present in these cities (old City-States) nowadays. To make the commercial route between Goa, Malacca, China and Japan viable, Portuguese have built one of the largest ships ever. It would become known as the Nau do Trato. In fact, there was never any Asiatic nautic power capable of attacking and conquering one of these big Naus with the hull painted black. They were so efficient and powerful that only 4 ships were lost - not in battle, but for meteorological reasons by the end of the 17th century. The arrival of the Portuguese to Japan, at the end of this trade chain from Lisbon, was a truly revolutionary event from the point of view of Japanese history. For the Japanese nation, until that moment and besides Japan, they're knowledge of the world was confined to the great china and faraway India. They didn't know about the existence of other continents, namely Europe. Being a small country with an inferior quantity of people when compared to wider nations, the conjugation between the fortresses (Feitorias) and powerful Portuguese ships were able to have strategic dominions in a clear majority, in a vast territory as is Asia. -------- Even though all this power, In between these discoveries 300 Naus shipwrecked, most of them on way to home (Lisbon), some were tragically wrecked at Lisbon's entrance after a whole year of travel. Every time a Nau sinks it's like sinking a fortress on water: each of them could carry something like 140 pure iron cannons. As a result of innovation and build strategy, Portuguese ships were very difficult to conquer. Almost impossible to defeat, a single Portuguese vessel could handle 30, 40, 50 and sometimes 100 Asian vessels, because of firepower and artillery on board. In the 16th century, the development of Portuguese artillery followed the evolution of the ships and was considered the best in the world. In fact, shooting speeds were 100 times faster than any other vessels, and many agree that they anticipated the technology by 200 years, relating to other countries. Domination of Sea during the sixth century was ensured by three different types of vessels: The Nau, which is a cargo ship, but also well equipped for ranged attack; The galleon, which is a ship with both commercial and war profiles (Botafogo "the Spitfire" was an example of the strongest Portuguese galleon ever made, but too heavy and never gone too far from Portugal); and Caravel Redonda, which was mainly a warship. The latter is a Portuguese innovation that mixed two types of sails: Redonda and Latina. It had protected the armadas of India's career when the powers of the other European big players began to increase. Also, All these resources and all the maintenance needed offboards had many high costs for Portugal, always in search of new riches, to pay the large bill. It's said that at the time of Joao III Portugal was almost bankrupt, and the fact is the inquisition started, inherited from Spain. Since Manuel I that the idea was of a unified Iberia with a Portuguese King, starting with himself, which never happened, only with Spanish Kings, when the last King (Sebastião I) of the Avis Dynasty dying in battle and leaving no Portuguese Heirs. Sebastião I was the grandson of Joao III, almost the last one in line, being king at 4 years of age. With all the ferocious leaders at the time he was not personally protected, even tough he became a great warrior and his goal was only one, to recover the power of his ancestors and conquer the north of Africa. Even though his war against the north of Africa was like a suicidal mission, and he lost his own life, along with almost all army. Filipe II took the throne, as the best suitor (grandson of Manuel I), being Catherine Medici (descendant of Afonso III) the remote one. Filipe II promised to maintain all Portuguese engine of the empire working but since Spain had many enemies, Portugal empire "lands" and ships started to be attacked by European powers, even from England, the oldest ally. 80 years later Portugal regains independence, but with the loss of trading connections India and Africa, Portugal aimed to Brazil to maintain the empire running. -------- Looking into the big picture, there is an important part of the Renaissance for which the Portuguese voyages contributed much. By having direct interactions and knowledge of new peoples, ideas, animals, and religions, all these new diverse cultures contributed to the enlightenment and enriched our traditional knowledge about the world in all science, social and religious aspects. The rich information compiled through all these voyages leads to the evolution and breaking of barriers to dogmatic knowledge about the world. In the following century, Galileo shook the installed knowledge base by reviewing the solar system paradigm: from earth concentric vision to a heliocentric one. Without great Discoveries, works of Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo would not be possible. It turns out, Globalization is not a recent phenomenon, it is a phenomenon that began in the 15th century and began with the impulse of the Portuguese. They would be the people who would "give knowledge to the world of the world itself". The Discoveries were an important milestone, it was the beginning of a new phase of civilization in the history of mankind. Leaders Joao I (Illustrious Generation Ability) Infante D. Henrique (Naval Order Ability) João II (Sea Devotion Ability) Manuel I (Manueline Style Ability) Afonso de Albuquerque (Mare Clausum Ability) Ships Dhow (for all civs) Junk (replaces dhow for China) Barca (Replaces Dhow for Joao I) Caravela Latina (replaces Caravel João II and Infante D. Henrique) Nau (Portugal´s unique unit) Caravela Redonda (replaces caravel for Albuquerque) Nau Do Trato (Unique Sea Trader! For Albuquerque and Manuel I) - Trades only with city-states Botafogo (1 bonus unit built by a Grande Explorador) - Strongest Galleon, more firepower Flor Do Mar (1 bonus unit built by a Grande Explorador) - Strongest Nau, can steal ships Land Units Pastor Lusitano (For Portugal Start Game) - Only one at the start (also removed starting warrior) Missionaries Monge Jerónimo (Unique for Manuel I) - Requires Mosteiro dos Jerónimos Spies Mestre de Avis (Replaces Spy for Joao I) Great People Grande Explorador (to Replace Great Admiral => Portugal cannot recruit Great Admiral) Improvements Padrão (Built by Caravela Latina!) --> for Joao II only Feitoria (Built by NAU!) Districts Bairro Alto (Portuguese unique type of district) -> One Per GAME - Built by Nau! Porto (Replaces harbor for Grande Explorador purposes) -> One Per City Projects Exploration of New World (Project of Porto) Marchas Populares (Project of Bairro Alto) Buildings Farol (Replaces Lighthouse for Grande Explorador purposes) => One Per City Estaleiro(Replaces Shipyard for Grande Explorador purposes) => One Per City Porto Marítimo (Replaces Seaport for Grande Explorador purposes) => One Per City Menir (dummy building to solve buildings duplication and other issues ) Cromeleque (dummy building to solve buildings duplication and other issues ) Anta (dummy building to solve buildings duplication and other issues ) National Wonders (Buildings) Escola de Sagres (Requires Campus District and Estaleiro) --> for Infante D. Henrique Casa da índia (Requires Commercial Hub District and Porto Marítimo) --> for Albuquerque Mosteiro dos Jerónimos (Requires Holy Site District and Porto Marítimo) --> For Manuel I City-States Macau replaces Lisbon Policies Connective Justice (new Diplomatic Policy) + 6 new diplomacy policies: Fair Trade Silent War Mare Nostrum Spices Trade Trade Monopoly Postcolonial Community Technologies Nautical Science (requires Ship Building, Celestial Navigation, and Military Tactics; Required for Cartography and Mass Production) Spoiler : "It is nowadays widely accepted that Portuguese were the founders of nautical science. Before their time maritime enterprise had been conducted largely by private individuals or by small companies of adventurers; as few as these men recorded their undertakings, kept logs or drew charts, their experiences had little or no cumulative value and generation are ignorant as to its predecessor. So long as their seafaring activities were confined to Mediterranean and adjacent waters, navigation “by God and by guess”, although attended by grave risks, served them well enough. But when, in the early years of 15th century, men began to plan the maritime exploration of the unknown Torrid Zone and the Southern Hemisphere, it became clear that empiricism in nautical matters could not be relied upon. The rise of nautical science in Portugal was the logical outcome of the needs created by these expeditions." ---- MUSIC FULL MUSIC ---- CREDITS Mod ideas and structure from: @Rob (R8XFT) - Anno Domini @Chinese American - Hamtasy Civ @Rob (R8XFT) - Punt Civilization @ArticOcean - Sikh Civilization @Infixo - Real Great People (INTEGRATED WITH MOD) @Magil - Magil's Wondrous Wonders @Socra - Alternative City-State Colors @LeeS - Really Advanced Setup Lite (INTEGRATED WITH MOD) @UncivilizedGuy - Immersive Eras @raen - No Orphan Tech or Civic (INTEGRATED WITH MOD) @kingchris20 - Republic of Pirates @raen - New Policies (INTEGRATED WITH MOD) PORTUGUESE CIV INFO @Atlas627 and @Ikael - Portuguese Civ (in construction) PORTUGUESE LEADER SCREEN @LastSword - Afonso de Albuquerque @LastSword - João II @Mediocrity - Dinis I (and also João II and Albuquerque new Icons) @ShiroToraRyu - Help with Viriato. @LastSword - Manuel I UNITS LOOK & FEEL @Deliverator - Civ 5 units for civ 6 @ShiroToraRyu - Nau´s hull painted black for Nau do Trato. Lua SCRIPTS @LeeS - Dummy Buildings Utilities @Leugi ´s and others Steam Civs CUSTOM MUSIC @FurionHuang - Tutorial: Adding Music to Your MOD Civilization @NerdByFate - Civilization 6: Rise of Datlof Start True Location @Mediocrity Explanation & Tips ----- Additionally, EDITED the tech tree (besides adding nautical science) with no ORPHANS! The new tech and civic trees: Tech Tree since Sailing Civic Tree since Naval Tradition ---- Support Info: - Changes Tech tree to add "nautical science" and have no orphan techs & civics. Other mods who change tech tree may have some incompatibility. - I integrated Real Great People from infixo to make "grande explorador", I am always looking for updates in this one. The support info is that you don't need real great people to play it, otherwise will be in conflict (duplication) - YnAEMP support added, it removes pastor lusitano at the start though,when active. ---- Portugal & Leaders current state of the art (some still in dev) Portugal Spoiler : Description: Portuguese empire at their best times! UA: Lusiads - Provides an envoy with a City-State when you establish a Trade Route. Each International City provides a free trading post. After researching Nautical Science and Exploration, Naval units gain the ability to enter ocean tiles and can form into fleets or Armadas, respectively. Portugal can recruit Grande Explorador and cannot recruit Great Admiral and starts with one and only Pastor Lusitano instead of Warrior. Bairro Alto unlocks Project Marchas Populares. UU: Nau - Unique ranged naval unit that unlocks at Cartography. May pillage coastal tiles. Upon moving adjacent to a coastal plain terrain of a city-state, places a Feitoria on it. Anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a commercial hub and subsequently to the city center, places Bairro Alto National Wonder District in a Hill also adjacent to the city center. Receives a bonus vs cities and gold when a city is captured within two tiles of a Nau based on the number of luxuries around the City. UI: Porto - Replaces Harbor, available at Sailing. Provides Grande Explorador instead of Great Admiral. Porto unlocks Project Exploration of the New World. João I Spoiler : Quote: Master of Avis, I am the father of a Nation, of the Illustrious Generation! UA: Illustrious Generation - Provides one Great Person point per turn from All Genres but excluding Great Musician and Great Engineer. Gains a free spy at Guilds. UU: Mestre de Avis - Replaces Spy. More chance when recruiting Partisans. Starts with Seduction and Quartermaster promotions UU: Barca - Replaces Dhow. + 5 melee strength. UU UA: Barca Central Commerce - Barca anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a commercial hub and subsequently to city center, places Casa de Ceuta National Wonder in Commercial Hub. Infante D. Henrique Spoiler : Quote: From my wind rose of Sagres I see my ships sail to the new world, where new seas and riches unfold! UA: Naval Order - International Trade Routes to other civilizations provide +2 Faith and +2 Gold for Portugal. Naval units gain + 5 melee strength. 1 Extra Economic Policy. UU: Caravela Latina - Replaces Caravel and Unlocks with Exploration. +1 Movement and +1 Visibility on the coast. UU UA: Caravela Latina Science - Caravela Latina, anchored at Porto (with an Estaleiro) and in an adjacent Campus with a subsequent CLIFF, places Escola de Sagres National Wonder in Campus. UU UA: Caravela Latina Trade - Caravela Latina, anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a commercial hub and subsequently to the city center, places Casa da Guiné National Wonder in Commercial Hub. João II Spoiler : Quote: I am "El Hombre", Isabella said! Let us sign Tordesillas treaty and divide the world ;-) UA: Sea Devotion - Extra amenities and gold for each trade route with a city-state, and even more if Portugal is the Sovereign. Portuguese renaissance naval units start with the 'Volta do Mar' ability ( which gives +1 movement in the open sea) and can be purchased at half price. UU: Caravela Latina - Replaces Caravel and Unlocks with Exploration. +1 Movement and +1 Visibility on the coast. UU UA: Caravela latina Milestones - Caravela Latina, upon moving adjacent to an uncrowded Coastal hill with an adjacent Luxury or Resource, places a Padrao on it. UU UA: Caravela Latina Commerce - Caravela Latina, anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a commercial hub and subsequently to city center, places Casa da Mina National Wonder in Commercial Hub. Manuel I Spoiler : Quote: Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis, I am the king of Iberia and of the new world! UA: Manueline Style - International Trade Routes to other civilizations provide +4 Culture for Portugal, 1 extra diplomacy slot, -50% of war weariness UU: Galeão - Replaces Frigate. + 5 melee and ranged strength. UU UA: Nau Religion and Culture - Nau, anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a holy site hub and subsequently to the city center, places Mosteiros dos Jerónimos National Wonder in Holy Site. Unique Monk Missionary - Monge Jerónimo - can be generated. UU UA: Nau Defense - Nau, anchored at Porto (with Estaleiro), adjacent to a plain terrain, build Torre de Belém National Wonder on Coast, Occupying the two tiles. Afonso de Albuquerque Spoiler : Quote: I don't accept gifts, come and trade with me at my ship if you dare since I am the Lion of the Seas! UA: Mare Clausum: Mare Clausum Receive +2 Gold for each Feitoria. All Ranged Naval Units receive +1 Range and All Naval units Heal at a faster rate. UU: Caravela Redonda - Replaces Caravel with +5 Combat Strength and available ate Square Rigging. Gains additional strength when within two tiles of an embarked Trader Unit, and increases the Combat of adjacent Naval Units by +5. UU: Nau do Trato - Unique Sea Trader to trade exclusively with city-states, entering their borders, up to 3, and back to Porto adds money to treasure, 20, 100, 500. UU UA: Nau Central Commerce - Nau, anchored at Porto (with Porto Maritimo), adjacent to a commercial hub and subsequently to city center, places Casa da India National Wonder in Commercial Hub.