The spear line has a bit of a problem right now. Spears are currently 11CS and they have an anti-mounted promotion. Several people have reported that the raw CS makes them very good at tributing City-States, but isn't good enough to make them a decent unit for actual combat. In addition, their relative weakness brings down the whole Bronze Working tech, because they are the biggest feature. So, since the base CS of the spears seems to be doing their job, I have another proposal: Remove the Anti-mounted promotion from the entire melee unit line. Instead, give all Spear/Pike/Tercio/Riflemen units Formation I Change Formation I & II so that they give 33% vs mounted units (currently 25%), and +15% defense in open Terrain (currently +10%) Currently, if a horseman attacks a spearman in open terrain, the spearman has +50% vs the horseman. With this change, a spearman defending from a horse in open would have +48% (33%+15%) vs a horseman. Any spear line unit would have immediate access to Formation II, giving 66% vs mounted and +30% in open terrain at level 2. This mirrors the Sword line's access to Cover, making melee unitsmore mechanically consistent. With this addition, Spear line units would be more flexible; able to take a 3rd option to focus on their anti-cavalry role. This gets rid of a specialized promotion that isn't accessible to units normally through XP, making the game more focused. It enhances spearmen's defensive flavor, making defending with a spear wall more of a tactical priority. It also gives them a bit more chance against sword/longsword units, who have more raw CS Spear and Pike would have 15% defense in open vs swords, so that's an effective defensive CS of 12.65 and 19.55 respectively. This is also a great bit of flavor. Spears are most useful in open, even terrain where a proper phalanx can be formed. The opportunity for spears to be slightly stronger on defense with Formation II vs the 25% defense bonus in rough is a better reflection of how these weapons were used in history. For those of you unaware, I have been running a unit tweaks mod to test changes to the skirmisher and spearmen lines for a few months now. The feedback on my skirmisher changes have been mixed, but the feedback on how this changes the spearmen line has been almost unanimously positive.