Hey guys - I'm working on an article about surprising battlefield matchups in which there's a surprising or even ironic reversal of fortunes for the opposing armies. Throughout all the history of warfare I figured there'd be more instances of this happening, but so far I'm not finding much. Rome deploying war elephants to great effect at Cynoscephalae is an example, given the bludgeoning Pyrrus's elephants gave the Republic in the prior century (I thought I read once that Rome used elephants during the destruction of Carthage, but I can't find sources to confirm that - that would be another great example if true). The Battle of the Persian gates is probably the gold standard for this idea, when 300 Persians held a mountain pass for a month as they dealt the Greek army heavy losses until a traitor showed Alexander a back passage to rout Ariobarzanes and his dug-in troops. Any other good examples of this? Between these 2 examples I think I have the Classical/Ancient Era covered (at least for the Mediterranean world, examples from India or Qin/Han era China would still be welcome). Looking forward to your insights!