As Perfection's thread deals only with the scientific evidence behind the theory of evolution, but there seems to be plenty of grounds for debate on the theological implications therein, I offer this as a companion thread. This will be basically to debate whether a belief in God (in general) or in Christianity (in particular) is compatible with the scientific theory of, and evidence related to, evolution by natural selection. Perf's thread is for the scientific merits of the relative views, so this will not focus on that. Rather, here we can talk about theological issues. As most Creationists seem to be Christian, that may be the focus, but anyone, of any religious bearing, can add. It would help if I defined my terms: Creationism, with a capital "C", is the idea that God created the earth, with all life more or less as it exists now (with some room for variation). This idea is often accompanied by the idea that the book of Genesis is literally true, and/or that the earth is only a few thousand years old. However, creationism with a lower-case "c" refers to the idea that the earth was created by a divine being of some sort, with no specific identification of the methods used.