In order to win on Monarch level, is it necessary to slow down your main rivals by military means or is it possible to outperform them in the tech race ? I have played a number of Monarch games in which I have demolished some local neighbours to give myself a strong Civ but there always seems to be one or two Civs on remote continents who remain a couple of techs ahead in the tech race and end up building spaceship parts before me. Has anybody won on Monarch level without going to war with the main rivals ? Now I am democracy and an unprovoked offensive campaign might not be popular with the citizens. I have mech infantry in the 1840s so I havent been slow on the tech rate.