Well I always play as the French, too! My people get to have good food, great wine, good culture, and have a great language. Besides, I have a soft spot for Joan. (that must have been hard: Charlemagne or Joan) Yeah, your suggestion about ethnicity is technically correct. But I took Greece some 300 years ago and still have Greek citizens, although the bulk are French. But this is tricky. If you've encouraged rapid growth in those cities, you would have immigration in addition to the native population reproducing. If your own citizens are immigrating, you would eventually dominate. Example, when the English took over all of the colonies, there eventually became an English majority. Yes, citizens still had Dutch, and French ethnicity, but were English in attitude. Quebec Province is an exception. Also one would have expected the Iroquois nations to be the dominant race, but that didn't happen due to their relatively small population. Assimilating China or India due to their large populations and having their large cities become predominantly French would be preposterous. I would expect large Chinese or Indian populations to be retained. I've taken size 12 and larger cities in this game and have still had 50% native populations 500 years later. But the game still treats them as their original nationality, and 500 years later they would be French culturally. Plus they would have intermarried by this time. Perhaps making their blended racial appearance, and their attire French would be a better cosmetic improvement to the game.