Read this as an if-then-else, top down. The first condition that a given decision matches places it in the hierarchy. An initiative has force of law and supercedes any other decision type (including an earlier initiative on the same subject) except another later initiative which repeals it. Binding polls of any type have precedence over any other decision type. Non-binding polls have precedence over non-polling decision types. Citizen input has precedence over mandate. If two or more polls or discussions occur on a matter, the last one to complete shall prevail. So if poll A is an initiative and poll B is a referendum, then poll A wins. Furthermore, the decision of poll A has the force of law and persists, even in the face of other decisions on the same subject, until another initiative supercedes it. If decision S is made by a binding poll, while decision T is made by an official exercizing her mandate from the people, then S wins and T is discarded. S can be further superceded by another binding poll. Once conditions change, the next decision is no longer on the same topic, and an official is now free to exercize her mandate over an area. If an official makes a decision, and gets citizen input which clearly favors another single course of action, the official must allow that citizen input to supercede the decision. However if there is citizen input on both sides of a question and the official merely chooses one side based on an impression of which side is stronger, they drop into a gray area where a poll should be taken. If the official decides not to have a poll, they open themselves to complaints from the citizens whose input is not heard. Yes, yes, yes. Here are some clarifying questions to ask yourself. Don't forget to think about timeframe. Did the people know what effect the ratification vote would have? Did those who disagreed with the content which was being ratified have a chance to register their disagreement? Was the thing which was ratified the same thing which was previously polled, or was it changed? Who participated in those changes? Was the information presented to the people by the person who opened the poll correct, at that time, in the eyes of the person who opened the poll and in the eyes of the people?