As far as I know, respawns always stop at 1500AD in Deity, and later at lower levels (as Inkerman said). Some Apolyton players knew this, but it wasn't the real focus of the respawn threads. They were only interested in Diety, and in predicting how many times a civ would respawn, and where. There seems to be a large random factor in both, and thus no simple complete answers. In defense of Republic, if you want big cities, strong trade and fairly-early conquest all in the same game, it's probably the best compromise. I used it to "win" GOTM 16 over Starlifter, Smash, etc (though I finished a few years too late to submit the game). Just noticing that Ali has over 130 cities ... is this a change in style ? Maybe we can make a rabid ICSer out of you yet. Also, thumbs up to mackerel.