Vote "Yes" or "No". Voting will close at 0:00 UTC July 27th. This is not a discussion thread. Please read the constitution before you vote. Spoiler : Article 1: The Legislature Section 1 Everyone who signs up in the specified thread is a member of parliament. Section 2 All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in the Parliament of Civilitas. Section 3 The Parliament shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of Civilitas; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout Civilitas; To borrow money on the credit of Civilitas; To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several Provinces. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout Civilitas; To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of Civilitas; To establish post offices and post roads; To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water; To establish a capital; Article 2: The Executive Section 1 The head of the executive branch is the Prime Minister(PM) , who will be elected by the members of the Parliament. Nominations start on the 10th day before the end of the month. A PM will be elected on 7th day before the end of each month. Voting will last for 2 days. The candidate who recieves 50% of the vote wins. If no candidate receives 50% of the vote a special run-off election will occur between the two candidates with the most votes lasting 2 days. If there is a tie for second place in the election the runoff will occur between the first place candidate and all candidates in second place. If there is a tie for first in the runoff or if none of the canidates recieve a majority a third election 2 day election will be held whoever recieves the most votes shall be PM If there is a tie in the third election, the current PM decides the next sucessor The new PM takes office the stroke of midnight UTC on the new month Section 2 To be a candidate for PM you must announce your candidacy in the appropriate thread. A GM will run the election. Section 3 If the PM is removed there must be a new election within 2 days of his removal to select a new PM. Section 4 The PM has the power to appoint members of the supreme court when there are vacancies with the approval of the Parliament.[Simple majority of voting MPs] Section 5 The PM can appoint various Ministers with the approval of the Parliament.[Simple majority of voting MPs] The ministerial positions are created by laws passed by the Parliament and signed by the PM. The Prime Minister can also appoint a named successor with the approval of the majority of parliament. A named successor can also hold ministerial positions. If the PM is absent the named successor will fill in for him. If the PM was removed by a vote of no confidence the named successor will take over until a new PM is elected. Section 6 The PM has the power to fire ministers but not SC judges. Section 7 The Prime Minister retains his seat in the Parliament. Section 8 The Prime Minister can be removed in a no confidence vote.[2/3 supermajority of voting MPs needed to remove.] If the vote is successful a new PM must be elected. After the vote succeeds, there will be 2 days for nominations. Then voting will occur for 2 days. If no candidate receives 50% of the vote there will be a run-off election for days. If the new PM is elected with more than 2 weeks left in the term, he will have to stand for reelection at the end of the term. If there are less than 2 weeks left in the term then the new PM will finish the term and serve for the next term as well. Section 9 Ministers can be removed in a no confidence vote.[simple majority of voting MPs needed to remove.] Section 10 The Prime Minister has the power to negotiate treaties and can involve whoever they like in the negotiotians. Treaties must be approved by Parliament in order to take effect. Article 3: The Judiciary Section 1 The Judiciary consists of the Supreme Court (SC), which is a panel of three judges. Section 2 3 MPs appointed by the PM and approved by the Parliament will serve as judges on the Supreme Court. The 1st Judge appointed will serve one month, the 2nd for 2 months, and the 3rd for 3 months. All subsequent judges will serve terms of 3 months. The first Supreme Court will take office 2 weeks after the PM is elected. Section 3 A nominated SC Judge may serve while waiting for confirmation. If a nominated Judge is not approved, he may no longer serve and the PM must nominate someone else for the position of SC Judge. Section 4 Decisions within the Supreme Court are made by a majority of the three judges. Unanimity is not required. Section 5 If an MP believes that a law is unconstitutional, or another MP has violated the law of Civilitas, he may take his case to the Supreme Court. The MP who brought the matter before the Court must prosecute the case. If the case brought before the court is about an unconstitutional law, the MP who proposed the law must argue for the defense. In the case of an absence the SC may appoint someone to the defense. If the case is that an MP violated the law of Civilitas, the accused must defend himself. The accused cannot be tried in absentia. Section 6 Supreme Court judges may be impeached for misconduct in office. A majority of 3/4 of voting members is required to impeach SC judges. Section 7 Judges retain their seat in the Parliament. Article 4: The Provinces Section 1 Civilitas consists of 4 Provinces. Section 2 The inhabitants of each province shall create a constitution, laws, rules, and regulations for themselves, until they create their own constitution they will follow the National constitution as their state constitution. Provinces are divided themselves into districts, which are delegated powers by the provincial government. Section 3 Federal law (including the federal Constitution) supersedes Provinces laws and constitutions. Article 5: Voting Section 1 A number of bills can be discussed in parliament, the exact specifications can be found in the following sections. Section 2 For a law to pass it must have a majority in the Parliament[Simple majority of voting MPs] and be signed by the PM. Section 3 MPs have the right to bring forward a bill if they have the endorsement of at least 2 MPs, not including themself. The names of the MPs must be noted in the bill. [MPs may endorse only two bills a month.] The PM has the right to bring forward up to 5 bills per month, plus appropriations and taxation bills. [Appointments do not count.] .[This does not count for the 2 endorsements per MP per month.] Ministers can bring forward one bill per month relating to their position. Section 4 For every bill a thread has to be opened. The person that brought the bill forward must open and maintain the thread. Section 5 The person that brought the bill forward has to present the bill in a clear form, following standard parliamentary rules. Section 6 Debate shall be subject to standard parliamentary rules, and standard motions may be suggested. Section 7 Motions shall be debated in the thread. The person that brought the bill forward may amend a bill if 3 people who have participated in the thread AND approve the amendment. An MP may withdraw his endorsement if they do not like the bill because of any changes. The bill may not be brought to a vote until another person endorses the bill. Section 8 After at least three days of discussion, the person that brought the bill forward can decide to bring the bill to a vote. If a bill is not brought to vote after 2 weeks debate will end and the bill can no longer be brought to a vote. Section 9 Voting is allowed for every MP. Voting shall take place for two days. Section 10 The options shall be "Yes","No", and "Abstain". If a simple majority vote yes on the bill it goes to the PM. The PM can sign the bill which then becomes law, or veto it. Ties result in the rejection of the bill. Section 11 The one who opened the thread does the vote count. He also announces the official result, which can be challenged at the Supreme Court. In that case the court decides about the validity of the challenge and may eventually perform a recount itself and override the official result. Section 12 Appropriation and Taxation Bills, unless endorsed by the PM , must gain 5 endorsements. However, those endorsements do not count against the two an MP has. The PM twice during his term must introduce an appropriations and taxation bill into Parliament. Failure to do so will require the Parliament to take a vote of no confidence. If the PMs budget and taxation bill does not pass Parliament, the previous budget and taxes remain in effect. However, otherwise they follow all conventional rules. Section 13 Anytime the Parliament votes on appointments the standard rules apply. Article 6: Special Bills Section 1 A special bill is a bill that is not counted for endorsement purposes. Section 2 These include, but are not limited to: ratification of treaties, constitutional amendments, changes to national symbols, policy ratification, votes of no confidence, Impeachment of SC judges, and Declarations of War. Section 3 A Declaration of War requires a 60% majority. Offensive troop movements require a simple majority vote. Section 4 A Constitutional Amendment amends this Constitution and must be ratified by a 2/3s majority in Parliament, plus a majority in every state, or a 2/3s majority in 3/4s of the several states. Section 5 All other special bills must have a simple majority. Article 7 Misc Section 1. When counting votes only MPs that voted count. Section 2. If a person is inactive for 1 week they will be removed from their ministry/SC seat/PMship. However, if a person knows that they will be absent in advance they may appoint someone to take his or her place until he or she returns or the term ends. Section 3. No Member of Parliament may hold more than one PM, ministerial, or SC position. Article 8 For this constitution to become the law of Civilitas a majority of the people must approve of it. The vote will last 3 days.