Thanks to inspiration and files from Dale's AoEII, I have decided to create a new civ for Portugal. So far have everything up and running and now I'm trying to decide on leaders and leadership traits. I currently have Dom Pedro II as a leader. However, I am inclined to add a one or two more leaders. Some of the front-runners are: Martim de Sousa (first royal governor of Brazil, but he was only there for at the beginning for a few years), Mem de Sa (third royal governor of Brazil, seems a solid choice for early flavor), and José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva (statesman who helped encourage Dom Pedro I to declare indepenence and tutored Dom Pedro II). Anyways I'm looking for ideas as to what the Portugal trait should be and what each leader's trait should be. Portugal Traits For the Portugal trait I do like Dale's +25% crosses. It scales well throughout the game and it does reflect Portugal's effectiveness in spreading the faith. However, I am open to suggestions, especially any missionary-based ones as an alternative since Portugal was greatly helped by the Jesuits. The reason for focusing on crosses or missionaries is because I think the civ trait should be based on how the civ operated generally before declaration, while the leader trait should be focused on what the leader accomplished in his life. As for starting units I am thinking a free colonist pioneer and free colonist soldier. However, I am open to suggestions in case someone has any other ideas. Leader Traits Dom Pedro II: I am currently leaning towards +33% education (+1 per schoolhouse, +2 per college, +4 per university) becuase he was committed to educating his people and built many schools throughout Brazil. However, I wonder if this is too little for a leader trait. Should I also add in a free schoolhouse in each settlement as well? Or would this be too much? Any other thoughts about how to simulate his push for education? Mem de Sa: I'm think a military traits would be good for this leader because he's was such an effective military leader. Perhaps Resourceful (-50% XP for promotions), although I'm open to other suggestions for a unique trait. He also had good relatinships with the natives and promoted agriculture so I could see some of these being a good starting point for a trait. Martim de Sousa: There are a few ways to go with him, but I'm leaning towards Enterprising (+100% native conversion rate) because he was known to be friendly to the natives. However, I am open to other suggestions, especially where exploration and natives are concerned. José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva: Since he was instrumental in pushing for Independence I think Libertarian works well (+25% LB). However again I'm open to suggestions. PS: If you have any other suggestions about Portugal as a civilization or its leaders, then let me know. I'd love to hear your ideas.