Thanks for your earlier response, Plot. Makes sense to me! Oh and just so you know, I'm not reading Russell's history as a serious history, but more just because I enjoy reading Russell's critiques. Incidently, I'm making this post as a form of procrastination to avoid writing a paper on Russell's Referential Theory in On Denoting Have you read Peter van Inwagen's Problem of Evil? I haven't, but he's a highly respected contemporary metaphysician and philosopher or religion arguing that The Problem of Evil fails... I'd be interested in hearing your viewpoint on him in the case that you have read it.