In the Beginning Was Napoleon: Game Thread

Crezth

第六天魔王
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:coffee::badcomp::bump::old:The deadline for sending orders for Update 3 is June 4, at 11:00 PM Pacific Time.:wallbash::dance::ar15::banana:

The vibe is The World Turned Upside Down, people.

itbwn_poster.png


Background

In the beginning was Napoleon. He, at the crest of the heroic French Revolution, sought to overthrow the old and oppressive Ancien Régime, and succeeded. The Holy Roman Empire was destroyed. The Iberian Empires, bowed. Italy, united. Russia, negotiated; and Britain, excluded. By 1819, none could stand to contest the domination of the French Empire, and the Code Napoleon swept the continent on the back of seemingly invincible armies.

Now, it is 1919 and the world is changing once more.

Background Thread

Intro

I will give you the intro words EQ used in 2007 to intro his game about a world without Britain:

EQandcivfanatic said:
The creation of the world we live in should be of interest to us all. Events such as the Great War, the Treaty of Versailles, and the Second World War set the foundation for the current global society in which we exist. The American invasion of Iraq, the persistant tribal fighting and genocide in Africa, and the rise of China to global prominance all have their bases in the events of the past hundred years.

Disclaimer: The following is my own opinion and the basis of the start of the development of this NES

The United States is often given credit for most of the world's problems, especially in the Middle East. As flattering as this may be to us Americans, it is blatantly false. The rise and fall of the British Empire is the direct cause of many of the modern world's difficulties, beginning with the hundreds of years of oppressing Ireland and ending with the destruction of the Islamic caliphate. This train of thought led me and a friend to debating the history of the world if the British Empire was removed from the equation.

With this in mind, we leave it to you, the NES players to figure out what the world could be with the absense of Perferdious Albion.

Let us meditate on these and contemplate the way of things.

The Rules​


“In the Beginning was Napoleon” is a PbtA-styled game where players take on the roles of governments of nations, trying to rebuild and navigate the complex political landscape in the aftermath of the Great War between the French-led Western Commission and the Central Republics. These game rules are intended to provide a unique roleplaying experience that focuses on nation-building and international relations in a complex, post-war setting. Players will need to navigate the delicate balance of power, manage crises, and make strategic decisions to ensure their nation's prosperity and security.

You will most likely play as the government of some state or empire, and you will endeavor to expand the power and basis of your mandate and prove the glory of your nation. Vive la révolution.

If you scroll to the bottom of this post, you will see rules that allow you also to play as a rebellion or revolutionary movement, and endeavor to liberate an oppressed nation. Bonne chance! Tu en auras besoin.

Core Stats & Economics​

Industrial Capacity

PRISM is the acronym we will be using, representing key sectors within a nation's Industrial Capacity:
  • Private Enterprise (PE): This stat represents the growth and development of privately-owned businesses and their contributions to the nation's economy. It is most significant in great capitalist powers.
  • Real Estate & Finance (FIRE): This stat encompasses the financial sector, investments, and real estate market, all of which have significant impacts on a nation's economic stability and growth.
  • Industry, State Enterprise (SE): This stat covers government-controlled industries, reflecting the contributions of public sector organizations.
  • Services, Public (PS): This stat represents the provision and quality of public services, such as healthcare, education, public safety bureaus, general administrative affairs, and infrastructure.
  • Military Industry (MI): This stat deals with the development and maintenance of a nation's military power, including the production of weapons, vehicles, and other defense-related technology.
Each core stat serves a distinct purpose in addressing various challenges and opportunities that nations face, and describes one of five key pillars of your nation's total Industrial Capacity. Private Enterprise focuses on private sector growth, Public Services emphasize the well-being of citizens, Military Industry deals with national defense and strategic power, State Enterprise represents government-controlled industries, and FIRE covers the financial sector and real estate market. By strategically utilizing these core stats, players can navigate their nation through various crises and make decisions that shape the course of their nation's future.

Crisis Clocks represent the ongoing threats and challenges faced by the nations, and players will need to utilize their core stats to overcome checks, prevent the progression of Crisis Clocks, and manage their nation's resources and interests effectively.

Resolution Mechanics

1-6: Failure
7-9: Mixed Success
10-12: Success
13+: Great Success

National Moves: Players can make moves on behalf of their nation to address ongoing crises or to seize opportunities. When making a move, players roll 2d6 and add the number of IC they invest. The outcomes follow the usual PbtA structure: strong hit (10+), weak hit (7-9), or miss (6 or below).

Example moves include:
  • Economic Stimulus (PE): Boost the economy by investing in private enterprises.
  • Infrastructure Improvement (PS): Enhance public services and amenities for citizens.
  • Military Expansion (MI): Strengthen the nation's military power and defense capabilities.
  • Industrial Development (SE): Advance the nation's industry and technological innovations through state-owned enterprises.
  • Financial Strategy (FIRE): Leverage finance, investments, and real estate to create wealth and improve the nation's financial standing.
International Moves: Players can make moves that involve interactions with other nations. These moves may involve diplomacy, trade, espionage, or even war. Similar to National Moves, players roll 2d6 and add the number of IC they invest.

Example moves include:
  • Diplomatic Negotiations (PS): Engage with other nations to forge alliances, treaties, or trade agreements.
  • Covert Operations (MI): Use espionage or other clandestine tactics to gather information, sabotage, or influence other nations.
  • Military Invasion (MI): Use combat divisions, supply lines, and taxpayer money to defeat targeted military units and seize control of property and territory.
  • International Trade (PE or SE): Establish trade routes and agreements to boost the economy and resource acquisition.
Crisis Clocks: These clocks represent ongoing threats and challenges faced by the nations, such as political unrest, economic collapse, or external aggression. Crisis Clocks may vary in the number of segments, depending on the severity and complexity of the crisis. Players will need to make successful moves to prevent or reduce the progression of Crisis Clocks. Failing moves or ignoring the crises can lead to the advancement of the clocks. When a Crisis Clock is full, the related event or consequence is triggered, potentially impacting the nation's stability, resources, or international relations.

Example Crisis Clocks:
  • Civil Unrest: Represents the growing dissatisfaction among the population, which may lead to protests, strikes, or even a revolution.
  • Economic Recession: Indicates a weakening economy, with potential consequences such as unemployment, inflation, and reduced investment.
  • International Tensions: Tracks escalating conflicts or disputes with other nations, which may lead to sanctions, proxy wars, or open conflict.
Collaborative Storytelling and Agenda: The game master (GM) is responsible for guiding the narrative, playing non-player nations, and presenting challenges and opportunities for the player nations. The GM follows a set of principles and an agenda to ensure a balanced and engaging gameplay experience, with the primary focus on storytelling and nation-building.

The Principles:
  • Emphasize the consequences of actions, both positive and negative.
  • Introduce new challenges and opportunities that encourage players to adapt and make interesting choices.
  • Create a living world, where non-player nations have their own agendas and goals.
  • Encourage cooperation and competition between player nations.
Private Enterprise (PE)

Private Enterprise represents the strength of a nation's private sector, including its ability to innovate, create jobs, and drive economic growth. This stat is useful for situations where the nation's government relies on the private sector to address economic or infrastructural challenges.

Situations and General Utility:
  • Encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation to create new industries and jobs.
  • Boosting the economy by incentivizing investment in private companies.
  • Addressing infrastructure challenges through public-private partnerships.
  • Crisis Clocks related to unemployment or stagnant economic growth.
Public Services (PS)

Public Services represents the nation's commitment to providing essential services such as healthcare, education, and public transportation for its citizens. This stat is useful for situations that require the improvement or expansion of public services to maintain social stability and quality of life.

Situations and General Utility:
  • Improving the quality of healthcare or education to increase overall well-being.
  • Expanding public transportation to improve accessibility and connectivity.
  • Responding to natural disasters or other emergencies with efficient public services.
  • Crisis Clocks related to social unrest, public health, or infrastructure decay.
Military Industry (MI)

Military Industry reflects the nation's military capabilities, defense industry, and strategic power. This stat is useful for situations that involve national defense, intelligence, or international conflicts.

Situations and General Utility:
  • Strengthening the nation's military forces to deter aggression from other nations.
  • Developing advanced defense technologies and weaponry.
  • Engaging in covert operations, intelligence gathering, or espionage.
  • Crisis Clocks related to international conflicts, internal security threats, or military expansion.
State Enterprise (SE)

State Enterprise represents the nation's state-owned enterprises and industries, which are controlled or managed by the government. This stat is useful for situations where the government plays a central role in the economy, directing resources and investments towards key projects and initiatives.

Situations and General Utility:
  • Developing national infrastructure projects, such as highways, power plants, or telecommunications networks.
  • Supporting strategic industries, such as energy production, transportation, or manufacturing.
  • Implementing economic policies or regulations that benefit state-owned enterprises.
  • Crisis Clocks related to economic inequality, monopolies, or nationalization of industries.
FIRE (Finance, Investments, & Real Estate)

FIRE stands for Finance, Investments, and Real Estate, and represents the nation's financial sector, its ability to attract and manage investments, and the overall health of the real estate market. This stat is useful for situations that involve financial strategy, managing national wealth, and improving the nation's fiscal health.

Situations and General Utility:
  • Attracting foreign investment by creating favorable business environments and incentives.
  • Managing national debt and budgeting to ensure fiscal stability and sustainability.
  • Developing a robust and diverse financial sector, including banks, insurance companies, and investment firms.
  • Encouraging growth in the real estate market to boost property values and increase revenue from taxes.
  • Crisis Clocks related to financial crises, inflation, housing bubbles, or credit crunches.
Crisis Clocks

Crisis Clocks are used to track ongoing threats and challenges faced by the nations. The following taxonomy of Crisis Clocks is organized by major assets, obstacles, and features of the game environment.

Economic Crises:
  • 1. Unemployment Crisis: Represents high levels of unemployment, which can lead to social unrest and decreased quality of life.
  • 2. Stagnant Economic Growth: Tracks slow or negative economic growth, which can strain government resources and hinder development.
  • 3. Inflation and Currency Crisis: Monitors unstable currency values and high inflation rates, which can erode purchasing power and disrupt trade.
  • 4. Debt Crisis: Measures unsustainable levels of national debt, which can lead to austerity measures and reduced public services.
Social and Political Crises:
  • 5. Civil Unrest: Represents growing dissatisfaction among the population, potentially leading to protests, strikes, or even revolution.
  • 6. Political Corruption: Tracks pervasive corruption within the government, which can undermine public trust and hinder policy implementation.
  • 7. Refugee Crisis: Monitors the influx of refugees from neighboring conflicts, which can strain public services and create tensions within the population.
  • 8. Public Health Crisis: Measures outbreaks of diseases or other public health emergencies that can impact the well-being of the population.
Military and Security Crises:
  • 9. International Tensions: Represents escalating conflicts or disputes with other nations, which may lead to sanctions, proxy wars, or open conflict.
  • 10. Internal Security Threats: Tracks threats from within the nation, such as terrorism, organized crime, or separatist movements.
  • 11. Arms Race: Monitors the competition between nations to develop advanced weaponry and military technologies, potentially destabilizing the balance of power.
  • 12. Border Disputes: Measures ongoing disputes over territorial claims, which can lead to skirmishes, military buildups, or diplomatic breakdowns.
Environmental and Resource Crises:
  • 13. Resource Scarcity: Represents the depletion of essential resources such as water, food, or energy, which can lead to competition and conflict.
  • 14. Natural Disaster: Tracks the occurrence and aftermath of natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, or hurricanes, which can strain infrastructure and public services.
  • 15. Climate Change: Monitors the impact of climate change on the nation, such as rising sea levels, extreme weather events, or ecosystem disruptions.
  • 16. Pollution and Environmental Degradation: Measures the effects of pollution and environmental damage on public health, natural resources, and the economy.
Technological and Infrastructure Crises:
  • 17. Infrastructure Decay: Represents the deterioration of essential infrastructure, such as transportation networks, power grids, or communication systems.
  • 18. Technological Gap: Tracks a nation's lag in technological advancements, which can hinder economic growth and global competitiveness.
  • 19. Metasecurity Threats: Monitors threats to a nation's bureaucratic infrastructure and information systems, such as espionage, data breaches, or “hacking.”
  • 20. Energy Crisis: Measures the nation's reliance on non-renewable energy sources and the potential consequences of energy shortages or disruptions.
Diplomatic and Geopolitical Crises:
  • 21. Diplomatic Isolation: Represents a nation's weakening diplomatic ties or loss of allies, which can impact trade and international relations.
  • 22. Regional Instability: Tracks the overall stability of the region, with potential consequences such as the spread of conflicts, humanitarian crises, or economic collapse.
  • 23. Proxy War: Monitors indirect conflicts between major powers, which can destabilize regions and escalate tensions.
  • 24. Ideological Struggle: Measures the influence of competing ideologies, such as democracy, authoritarianism, or socialism, on a nation's political landscape and international relations.
This taxonomy is meant to provide a comprehensive framework for understanding the various challenges and threats that nations may face in the game. By addressing these crises effectively, players can navigate the complex and dynamic environment, shaping the future of their nation and the world at large.

Maintenance

Maintenance, rather than adding to or subtracting your stats directly, applies a small penalty to the effectiveness of all your actions based on your Maintenance Penalty. Your Maintenance Penalty is proportional to the difference between your FIRE score and the sum of your Public Services and State Enterprise scores. If this is above zero, your private enterprise can continue to grow efficiently, else you're just not skimming enough off the top to pay for the operations of your state.

But beware a drop in your Leverage Rank, which is proportional to the difference of all your other scores and your FIRE score. The closer this value comes to zero, the greater the risk of market collapse becomes. The "good news" is that your FIRE score can actually benefit from market collapse, if other countries are dependent on your money supply (say because you'll only trade in silver or your own bank notes, or because you're forcing them to pay reparations, or because you control their economic production directly). This usually does damage to their economy but portends greater gains and control for yours.

sc2k-Make sure FINANCEREAL ESTATE is always greater than STATE ENTERPRISE plus PUBLIC SERVICES.png
sc2k-But beware the LEVERAGE PENALTY and dont grow your FIRE score unless you EXPAND.png


New Division Recruitment

For each new division you recruit, you will roll 2d6+the IC cost of the division you recruited. The average of all rolls made for this purpose in a turn will be used as the reference roll for your overall recruitment effort for that turn.

When you recruit new forces, it is assumed you are recruiting those forces - the people and the equipment and organization necessary to assemble them into divisions - from your population. This may or may not be desirable, for you or for your population. Therefore, you should take care to try to "sweeten the deal" when pressing new soldiers into battle. If nothing else, give them a symbol and an ideal to fight for. Then maybe you don't need to do that much sweetening.

When recruiting new Guards, there will be less disgruntlement than when recruiting Infantry. However, if you have, say, some Guards Divisions already failing in a theater and you recruit new Guards to send them in, beware that it will be really important to the people back home how well you do in that theater, and all the more so when you decide to commit new Infantry. Therefore, you should generally try to make do with what you have.

As a rule of thumb, divide your jingoism stat by 10% to find the number of new land divisions you can recruit without stepping on anyone's toes.

Recruiting new naval and air forces is much less impactful on your population, so you can ignore this rule of thumb, but it is still very impactful on your economy. Be mindful of the effects that constant militarization can have and stay vigilant.

Ground Forces

Guards Division: 1 IC for 2 Divisions. These divisions represent garrisons or local guards forces that are not equipped to go on the offensive.
Upgrade Guards to Infantry: 2 IC for 3 Divisions. A way of preparing new combat forces without recruitment. These divisions are significantly more combat-ready than fresh recruits. Consider this move like dipping into your active reserves.

Infantry Division: 1 IC for 1. These forces provide the standard military forces to most nations. Consisting generally of infantry equipped with rifles, mortars, and bombs.

Cavalry Division: 1 IC for 1: These dragoon forces move much faster than infantry and can fight just as well. All they require is a functioning horse economy.

Must have 5 or more Military Industry:

Armored Division: 2 IC for 1: These expensive divisions assemble armored fighting vehicles and state-of-the-art battle equipment.

Naval Forces

Destroyer Groups: 1 IC for 1 Group. These forces provide protection for sea-lanes and larger ships against marauding enemy submarines and raiders.

Submarine Group: 1 IC for 1. These groups of submarines assault convoys and merchant ships which provide vital lifelines for many nations.

Cruiser Group: 2 IC for 1. These forces fill the niche for open sea control between capital ships and destroyer groups. Cruiser groups are crucial for naval supremacy.

Must have 5 or more Military Industry:

Capital Ship: 3 IC for 1 Ship. These behemoths represent imperial might. They have large guns and are expensive.

Carrier: 3 IC for 1. These ships are built specially for naval aviation and combat.

Air Forces

Biplane Squadron: 2 IC for 1 Squadron. This is a group of about 100 wooden-and-canvass biplanes equipped with machine guns, trained to dogfight as a squadron. They are vulnerable to anti-aircraft artillery, but make short work of dirigibles.

Must have 5 or more Military Industry:

Dirigible Division: 3 IC for 1 Division. This is a division consisting of ground and aircrew, infrastructure, and support for a few combat dirigibles and war-balloons. They are much faster than ground forces and can show up with considerable firepower, but they are expensive and easily destroyed by biplanes.

State and Politics​

Government System

The government system of a nation represents the various political approaches available to people to acquire legitimate control of the state. Governments often rely on promoting popular ideas and maintaining tradition to garner support from the populace. The primary expectation from a government is to maintain order and ensure the well-being of its citizens.

Ruling Entity

Beside your nation's government system in the stats is the ruling entity, which could be a political party, faction, or monarch. They are typically held accountable when things go wrong. The Head of State or Head of Government listed here is context-dependent, as is the frequency and nature of elections for governments with electoral authority.

Dissent

Dissent is a key indicator of your government's success and its ability to maintain control. Dissent can be considered an inverse of stability, which can be affected by various factors:

Decreased Stability:
  1. Shifting policies that negatively impact influential political classes.
  2. Politically distancing from influential political classes.
  3. Disruption of expected procedures, such as elections.
  4. Losing a war or facing a proxy war loss by an influential political class.
  5. Other unexpected adverse events.
Increased Stability:
  1. Successfully implementing policies preferred by the public.
  2. Increasing spending on social services.
  3. Winning a war with strong public support.
  4. Re-election of the ruling party or entity.
  5. Other fortunate events.
Jingoism - Public Support for Conflict (PSC)

Public Support for Conflict (PSC), or Jingoism as it's referred to by your character sheet, measures the level of public approval for war and hostile activities. It is crucial to gauge the extent to which people will tolerate the expenditure of lives and resources for conflicts. Low PSC during times of war can result in rebellion, while high PSC can sometimes backfire if radical elements take matters into their own hands. Nonetheless, high PSC is generally preferable for nations that frequently engage in wars.

Reputation

Your nation's global opinion is the reflection that your empire gives to the other governments of the world. The better this is, the more you can snow people into doing what you want, say make it easier to make alliances or trade deals, or get them to listen to your insane megalomaniacal rants. On the other hand, if your nation is feared or hated, all those things will be that much harder to do.

Attacking a nation which is more globally hated than your own will have a less negative effect on your own global opinion. If you attack a nation that is far more beloved, you will bring the wrath of global opinion down upon ye.

Oh, and remember: People love an underdog.

Scale:
Admired-Respected-Liked-Neutral-Disliked-Hated-Feared

Military Orders

When issuing military orders, please provide an overarching plan for the entire war, allowing the generals in charge to determine specific strategies. Keep in mind that your generals can improve over time; remembering their names and keeping them engaged will help enhance your military capabilities.

Integrated Support Units

Artillery and early armor are automatically integrated into your Infantry and Cavalry divisions, providing essential support to these units. Advancements in research related to artillery and armor will significantly increase the strength of your divisions compared to your enemies. The effects of these improvements are reflected in the Military Quality section of your nation's stats.

Military Quality

Your military quality demonstrates how well advanced, experienced, or trained your armed forces are. Good circumstances can be fostered by investing additional resources, but in general experience is the best teacher. The best military quality can only be maintained by constantly remaining at war all across the globe, in one form or another. It exists on the following scale, from bad to good:

Mutinous*-Incapable-Green-Regular-Veteran-Elite

*Mutinous does not technically indicate combat quality, as it is not actually worse than Incapable, which assumes your military is perfectly unequipped for fighting a modern war. Rather, this value will be used to indicate a military that is totally disorganized and splintering. Expect coups and counter-coups, and expect even a once-invincible fighting force to be reduced to nothing by mutiny.

Hidden Green

Generally, when your army quality is Green, your officers are not necessarily aware of it. Therefore, your military quality may be reported as Regular when it is actually Green. The only way to reveal this is to either blow the lid off your army's unpreparedness (difficult as the officers will indeed attempt to keep a lid on things) or go to war and let the meatgrinder grind. Note that after a sudden or emergency draft, Hidden Green becomes a very possible scenario.

Revolutions & Nationalism

Ever since the Revolution, new nations just seem to crop up all the time. Here's how to play as one. Fill out this form:

Organization Name:
Base City:
Objective:

Here's what your stats will look like when they are complete:

Organization Name:
Base City:
Reputation:
Legitimacy:
Base IC:
Army:
Navy:
Objective:

Reputation refers to your global reputation in terms of how seriously people take you. You prefer for this to be on the left side of the following scale:

Fearsome-Respected-Upstart-Indifferent

Legitimacy exists on a 1-100 scale. If it is 50, then 50% of the organization's objective is said to have been fulfilled.

Ground Forces

Militia Division: 1 IC for 2 Divisions. Improperly trained or equipped and with poor morale, fate calls them to war anyway.

Revolutionary Division: 1 IC for 1. Slightly worse than standard infantry, but with very good morale.

Mercenary Division: 2 IC for 1. Slightly better than standard infantry.

Naval Forces

Barque: 1 IC for 1 Squadron. Consider these ships worse than any regular navy vessel. Can traverse rivers and lakes. Better than no navy at all.

Air Forces

Revolutionaries can have air force equipment gifted to them, but presently it is not generally possible to bootstrap an air force.

Military Quality

Army/Navy Quality for player rebellion armies, nationalists, or revolutionaries is considered to be always around Veteran.

Objective

This is vital to creating your nation, you must state an objective for your organization. When this is achieved, or if a convincing impression of achievement has been made, the group ends with victory. If you are nationalists you create a new real nation. If you are rebels attempting to change the government, you get control of that nation and form a new government. The former government is driven into exile.
 
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Reserved for nation stats, background, and map.

Named Characters and Specific History

With 100 years of divergence, many people have not been born that would have otherwise, and vice-versa. Conditions may be familiar, but the people are different.

Currently Unreserved Great or Regional Powers

China, USA, Mexico, Turkey, Japan, Federation of People's Republics

National Stats and Backgrounds

Spoiler Stats, 1920 +Crisis Clocks :
L'Empire Français: Lord of Elves
Imperial Republican State: National Liberal President, Travailleur Consul
Capital: Île-de-France
Dissent: 48%
Jingoism: 24%
Reputation: Admired
Private Enterprise: 28
Finance/Real Estate: 12
Public Services: 8
Military Industry: 16
Army: 24 Guards Divisions, 33 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions, 8 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 28 Capital Ships, 32 Cruiser Groups, 50 Destroyer Groups, 10 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Air: 18 Biplane Squadrons, 7 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The legacy of Napoleon was a century of turbulent rule over an unruly world. Careful maneuvering (and good fortune) carried Napoleon Bonaparte's revolutionary French Empire to the very center of the European political order, and the shockwaves were tremendous. The Italian revolution, and the revolutions of the 1840's, would formalize a very fundamental transition that had occurred in the heart of European politics. Within France, an innovative new political system emerged from the loamy soil of the Napoleonic empire. The Emperor's power was inevitably split into other offices and institutions, chief among them the Emperor-appointed President (the executive head of government), the popularly-elected Consul (with certain powers of its own), and, of course, the Congress. For decades, a dynamic has ruled this government constituting of the tug-of-war between the National Liberal Party, which enjoy a strong base of support among Parisian elites and other members of the so-called "centralist" school of politics, and the Federalist Party, which attempts to patch together an opposition out of everything that Paris is not. Since the war, however, the political terrain is in upheaval, with a large diversity of socialist and labor parties gunning for coalition control of the Congress. Standing on procedure, the Emperor and the President have managed to isolate the socialists, which remain splintered by the war, but are yet buttressed by the recent election of a socialist Consul, member of the all-nation Socialist Travailleurs' Union; and meanwhile, the shrinking Federalists seek to align a new coalition and redefine themselves.

A Nation Adrift (3/10)
Fill: France (3/10)
Context: France is facing high unemployment rates due to the economic slowdown and the aftermath of the Great War. The population is becoming restless, and the government struggles to create new job opportunities.
The Great Sputter (7/12)
Fill: France (3/12), Britain (2/12), United States (2/12)
Context: France's economy is struggling to recover from the war's devastation, and the government's attempts at economic stimulus have been met with limited success. International competition exacerbates the issue.
Mired in Scandal (4/10)
Fill: France (3/10), Italy (1/10)
Context: Corruption within the French government has led to a loss of public trust and hindered policy implementation. Italy's influence in French politics contributes to this issue.
Desperate Souls & Strangers at the Gate (2/8)
Fill: France (1/8), Germany (1/8)
Context: The influx of refugees from war-torn areas and neighboring conflicts has strained public services and created tensions within the French population.
Europe's Tinderbox (6/12)
Fill: France (3/12), Germany (2/12), Russia (1/12)
Context: France's geopolitical ambitions and competition with Germany and Russia have led to escalating tensions, with the potential for future conflicts and proxy wars.
Haunted by Shadows (3/10)
Fill: France (2/10), Soviet Russia (1/10)
Context: France faces threats from within, such as terrorism and separatist movements. Soviet Russia's influence on French radicals exacerbates the situation.
The Skyward Sword (4/12)
Fill: France (2/12), Germany (1/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: France is engaged in a competition with Germany and Britain to develop advanced weaponry and military technologies, potentially destabilizing the balance of power.
Hunger and Sea Salt (3/8)
Fill: France (2/8), Italy (1/8)
Context: France is grappling with the depletion of essential resources like food and energy, leading to potential competition and conflict with Italy over Mediterranean food production.
The Concrete Dream (2/10)
Fill: France (2/10)
Context: France's essential infrastructure is deteriorating due to the war's aftermath and a lack of investment, impacting transportation, power, and communication systems.
Eclipsed by Progress (4/10)
Fill: France (2/10), Germany (1/10), Britain (1/10)
Context: France is lagging behind Germany and Britain in technological advancements, hindering economic growth and global competitiveness.
Lonely at the Top (3/12)
Fill: France (2/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: France's weakening diplomatic ties and loss of allies, partly due to Britain's influence, are impacting trade and international relations.
The Chaos Teeter (5/12)
Fill: France (3/12), Germany (1/12), Italy (1/12)
Context: France's actions and competition with Germany and Italy contribute to overall instability in the region, with potential consequences such as the spread of conflicts or economic collapse.
Les Femmes Soldats et le Maid d'Orleans (5/10)
Fill: France (5/10)
Context: The French Empire saw its women taking on crucial roles during the Great War, including serving as soldiers. Upon returning home, these women have found themselves shut out from an economy that refuses to acknowledge their contributions and grant them equal rights. This has led to a surge in support for the suffragette movement in France, as women veterans and their allies push for a radical equality legislation.


The British Republican Commonwealth: Kyzarc Fotjage
Federative Republican Empire: Union of Federation Labour Parties (elected in 1918)
Capital: London
Dissent: 52%
Jingoism: 44%
Reputation: Respected
Private Enterprise: 21
Finance/Real Estate: 10
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 10
Military Industry: 13
Army: 15 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions, 4 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Carrier, 15 Capital Ships, 29 Cruiser Groups, 78 Destroyer Groups, 29 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Elite
Air: 22 Biplane Squadrons, 2 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: Sorely shamed in the Revolutionary Wars of the early 19th century, aristocratic and anti-Napoleon politicians had a lot of explaining to do in the following decades. So it was that by 1844, London was spared none of the flaming indignation that came to the rest of the continent. Great Britain was swept by a combined movement of workers, petty bourgeoisie, and nouveau riche industrialists who sensed the weakness of the young Queen Alexandria and her allies. The Charter Committee, organized from this movement, would ultimately vote to expel the British royals to the continent, where they would wander before finally settling, ignominiously, in Paris. So it was that they chartered a new republic, very much in the spirit of the times: the British Republic, which would come to be replaced in 1877 in the Federation Acts, reestablishing the British Empire as the new British Republican Commonwealth (a stroke of political genius, even if it came some 40 years after a similar innovation was presented in Italy). The new Commonwealth had a great empire of resources to exploit, and despite a tempestuous, up-and-down relationship with the rest of the world, have successfully consolidated a new system which now stands victorious at the end of the Great War (though it eyes independent South Africa ruefully, and contends with a seemingly impossible task in averting a vote for independence by the confederate Irish Republic).

The Jobless Plague (4/10)
Fill: Britain (4/10)
Context: Following the end of the Great War, the British Republican Commonwealth faces high unemployment rates as the nation adjusts to a post-war economy. The government is struggling to create new job opportunities, leading to social unrest and discontent.
The Great Stagnation (3/12)
Fill: Britain (3/12)
Context: The British economy is struggling to recover from the war, and attempts at economic stimulus have met with limited success. The nation faces concerns about its financial future, which could have lasting repercussions.
The Republic's Dirty Laundry (2/10)
Fill: Britain (2/10)
Context: Corruption within the British government has led to a loss of public trust, hindering policy implementation and threatening to escalate if left unchecked.
Madness in Mesopotamia (4/8)
Fill: Britain (3/8), Iraq (1/8)
Context: The situation in the Mesopotamian Commonwealth Protectorate is deteriorating, with growing tensions between local factions and British authorities. Unresolved unrest could lead to a larger conflict in the region.
The Greatest Game (5/12)
Fill: Britain (3/12), France (2/12)
Context: Britain's geopolitical ambitions and competition with France have led to escalating tensions, with the potential for future conflicts and proxy wars as the nations vie for influence.
Knives Out... (3/10)
Fill: Britain (3/10)
Context: Britain faces threats from within, such as terrorism and separatist movements. To maintain stability, the government must address these concerns and work to secure the nation.
Old Rivalries Die Hard (5/12)
Fill: Britain (3/12), France (1/12), Germany (1/12)
Context: Britain is engaged in a competition with France and Germany to develop advanced weaponry and military technologies. This race could potentially destabilize the balance of power and reignite old rivalries.
Britain's Sciatica (2/10)
Fill: Britain (2/10)
Context: Britain's essential infrastructure is deteriorating due to the war's aftermath and a lack of investment. This impacts transportation, power, and communication systems, further straining the nation's resources.
Outpaced by Progress (3/10)
Fill: Britain (2/10), France (1/10)
Context: Britain is lagging behind France in technological advancements, hindering economic growth and global competitiveness. The nation must innovate to remain a contender on the world stage.
Fading Glory, Tarnished Honor (4/12)
Fill: Britain (3/12), France (1/12)
Context: Britain's weakening diplomatic ties and loss of allies, partly due to France's influence, are impacting trade and international relations. The nation must navigate this new landscape while preserving its global standing.
The Women's Movement in Britain (6/10)
Fill: Britain (6/10)
Context: The Great War saw many British women serving their country in various capacities, including on the frontlines as soldiers. As these women return home, they are faced with an economy and society that denies them equal opportunities and rights. This has fueled the suffragette movement, as women veterans and their supporters demand an end to the discriminatory practices that prevent them from fully participating in society.


Spanish Republic: ZeletDude
Constitutional Republic: Confederation for the Autonomous Right (elected in 1918)
Capital: Madrid
Dissent: 55%
Jingoism: 29%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 6
Finance/Real Estate: 4
Public Services: 3
Military Industry: 10
Army: 10 Guards Divisions, 12 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 8 Capital Ships, 11 Cruiser Groups, 15 Destroyer Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 6 Biplane Squadrons
Air Quality: Regular
Background: The Spanish Empire was already bubbling up by the time of the Great War, but everything boiled over by the end. The Republic was formed following approval of a constitution after a popular uprising in response to the war, which in particular took the east lands. In compromise, the new Republic settled in Madrid, where they barely feel the distant, jealous gaze of the military colonial administrations - in whose perspective their thankless and mostly unsuccessful efforts to quell colonial rebellion has been rewarded with vice and decadence at home. The third core member of the Western Commission.

The Fractured Heartland (3/10)
Fill: Spain (3/10)
Context: The Spanish Republic, with its newfound independence, grapples with internal divisions and regional tensions stemming from the loss of the eastern territories during the Great War. Efforts to rebuild a unified national identity prove challenging amidst lingering resentment and discontent.
The Weight of Empire (5/12)
Fill: Spain (3/12), Spanish Colonies (2/12)
Context: The Spanish Republic struggles to maintain control over its remaining colonies, facing resistance and rebellion fueled by the perceived injustices and neglect of the military colonial administrations. The colonial unrest threatens the stability of the young republic and further strains the relationship between the homeland and the colonies.
The Tarnished Crown (4/10)
Fill: Spain (3/10), Western Commission (1/10)
Context: The Spanish Republic's role as one of the core members of the Western Commission has put it under increased scrutiny and pressure to maintain its international standing. Critics argue that the nation is not doing enough to address its internal issues and that its focus on diplomacy and international relations is a distraction from the challenges at home.
Echoes of Decadence (3/8)
Fill: Spain (2/8), Spanish Colonies (1/8)
Context: The Spanish Republic faces the challenge of overcoming its reputation for vice and decadence, which has been perceived as a result of the nation's tumultuous past and the ongoing tensions between the mainland and the military colonial administrations. The struggle to shed this image and foster a new identity has significant implications for the nation's political and social cohesion.


Portuguese Republic: Traveller76
Constitutional Republic: Liberal Party (elected in 1918)
Capital: Lisboa
Dissent: 65%
Jingoism: 19%
Reputation: Liked
Private Enterprise: 8
Finance/Real Estate: 6
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 7
Army: 8 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 6 Capital Ships, 7 Cruiser Groups, 12 Destroyer Groups, 15 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 4 Biplane Squadrons
Air Quality: Regular
Background: The Portuguese Republic formed after a revolution in 1908, and has had elections every four years since. The delicate dance of ruling the empire and satisfying the needs of the reformists has hindered the republic with interminable political gridlock and government dissolutions. The current government of the Liberal Party has maintained some semblance of stability so far, but anarchist rebellions and colonial insurgencies throughout the empire and particularly the jewel territory of Brazil continue to plague it. An observing member of the Western Commission.

The Gridlock Dance (4/10)
Fill: Portugal (4/10)
Context: The political gridlock and frequent government dissolutions in the Portuguese Republic have impeded its ability to address crucial issues, both domestically and within its empire. The delicate balancing act between appeasing reformists and maintaining imperial control continues to hinder progress and stability.
Autonomy in Turmoil (6/12)
Fill: Portuguese Imperial Commonwealth (3/12), Viceroy-General of Brazil (3/12)
Context: The establishment of the Portuguese Imperial Commonwealth, aimed at granting domestic autonomy to its members, faces significant challenges due to unclear policies on resource distribution, trade, and dispute resolution. Internal strife and accusations of corruption further undermine the legitimacy of the new political structure.
The Insurgent Shadow (6/10)
Fill: Portugal (4/10), Brazil (2/10)
Context: The Portuguese Republic is plagued by ongoing anarchist rebellions and colonial insurgencies, particularly in Brazil. The growing unrest threatens the stability of the empire and casts doubt on the Republic's ability to maintain control and address the root causes of dissent.
The Fragile Observer (3/12)
Fill: Portugal (3/12), Western Commission (1/12)
Context: As an observing member of the Western Commission, the Portuguese Republic faces pressure to address its internal and external challenges, while navigating the delicate balance of diplomacy with other member nations. Failure to do so could impact the nation's standing and international relations.
The Radio Gambit (4/8)
Fill: Portugal (3/8), Portuguese Imperial Commonwealth (1/8)
Context: The Portuguese Republic's plan to establish radio stations in each member state of the Commonwealth and Lisbon, amidst the radio boom and growing electronic industry, has been met with skepticism. Critics question the viability of the plan given the numerous internal and external challenges currently facing the Commonwealth.
The Reliance on Allies (5/10)
Fill: Portugal (3/10), France (2/10)
Context: The Portuguese Republic has previously relied on French assistance to quell rebellions within its territories. However, this dependence raises concerns over the effectiveness of the Commonwealth's defense policies and the ability of the Republic to maintain stability and security in the face of continued threats.


Dutch Republic
Constitutional Congressional Republic: Dutch Socialist Workers' Party (elected in 1918)
Capital: Amsterdam
Dissent: 43%
Jingoism: 16%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 6
Finance/Real Estate: 9
Public Services: 4
Military Industry: 5
Army: 8 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 7 Capital Ships, 12 Cruiser Groups, 21 Destroyer Groups, 11 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: The Dutch Republic formed amidst the collapse of the Batavian Republic in 1889, and has since been governed alternatively by the nationalist Dutch People's Party and the pro-west Constitutionalist Party. In a recent upset, the country has come to be governed by the Dutch Socialist Workers' Party - which now must decide where its loyalty lies. An observing member of the Western Commission.

The Tug of Loyalty (5/12)
Fill: Dutch Republic (4/12), Western Commission (1/12)
Context: The recent rise of the Dutch Socialist Workers' Party to power in the Dutch Republic has left the nation questioning its allegiance. As an observing member of the Western Commission, the Dutch Republic must navigate a delicate balance between its traditional ties to the West and the new government's potential desire for greater autonomy or alternative alliances.
The Libertarian-Anarchist Dream (6/10)
Fill: Dutch Republic (4/10), Indonesia (2/10)
Context: Radical libertarian anarchists within the Dutch Republic advocate for a complete separation from Britain and France, the granting of voting rights to Indonesia, and the establishment of a multicultural nation. This movement is part of a larger milieu that calls for greater independence from the West, posing a challenge to the nation's political status quo.
The Nationalist Reckoning (4/8)
Fill: Dutch Republic (4/8)
Context: The Dutch Republic faces a growing divide between radical nationalists, who seek to "clean the radicals out of the cities with holy purging fire," and the proponents of greater multiculturalism and separation from the West. This escalating tension threatens the nation's stability and social cohesion.
A House Divided (3/12)
Fill: Dutch Republic (3/12)
Context: The alternating governance between the nationalist Dutch People's Party and the pro-west Constitutionalist Party has created deep divisions within the Dutch Republic. The recent rise of the Dutch Socialist Workers' Party only serves to intensify this divide, as the nation grapples with its identity and future direction.


United German Republics: gay_Aleks
Constitutional Federal Republic: German Federalist Alliance (elections indefinitely suspended)
Capital: Cologne
Dissent: 56%
Jingoism: 67%
Reputation: Hated
Private Enterprise: 8
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 5
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 20 Infantry Divisions, 2 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Capital Ships, 2 Cruiser Groups, 5 Destroyer Groups, 5 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 7 Biplane Squadrons, 6 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The United Republics of Germany was formed at the turn of the century, after yet another provincial rebellion occurred in the same year the Kingdom of Austria sought to dismantle what remained of the German Union (itself formed from the ashes of the ill-begotten Republic of the Rhine). This time, the rebellion caught a wave of popular dissent and opportunism that allowed a self-establishing German Congress to declare their union of republics. The tempestuous next decade led to the Great War, and ultimately the leadership of Germany was destroyed or scattered so that all that remained were the contemptuous Treaty Force, which signed peace with the Western Commission. Germany is now descending into chaos, and the newly-formed German Federalist Alliance must unite the country once more or perish.

The Fragile Union (4/10)
Fill: United German Republics (4/10)
Context: The United German Republics face the challenge of maintaining unity and cohesion among its member states, as regional and ideological differences threaten the stability of the newly formed nation. The German Federalist Alliance must work diligently to unite the country or risk dissolution.
Steamliners and Bread Lines (5/12)
Fill: United German Republics (5/12)
Context: The United German Republics are grappling with economic challenges, such as high unemployment rates, slow growth, and inflation. Balancing the needs of the diverse republics while implementing effective economic policies has proven difficult, further exacerbating internal tensions.
Shadows of the Great War (6/10)
Fill: United German Republics (4/10), France (1/10), Britain (1/10)
Context: The aftermath of the Great War still lingers over the United German Republics, affecting international relations, public sentiment, and the nation's ability to recover from the devastation. The Treaty Force's actions continue to cast a long shadow over Germany.
The Struggle for Resources (4/8)
Fill: United German Republics (3/8), France (1/8)
Context: The United German Republics face competition with France over the market access and distribution of German coal, iron, lumber, and steel, potentially sparking further conflicts and tensions between the nations.
Shifting Alliances (5/12)
Fill: United German Republics (3/12), France (1/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: The United German Republics must navigate a complex web of international relations, with shifting alliances and rivalries potentially impacting trade, diplomacy, and regional stability. Fostering strategic partnerships will be crucial for Germany's future.
Revolutionary Echoes (4/10)
Fill: United German Republics (4/10)
Context: The United German Republics are still grappling with the lingering influence of revolutionary ideologies and movements within its borders, posing a threat to political stability and social order. Suppressing extremist voices and promoting national unity will be a challenging task.
Die Waffen, Legt An! (6/12)
Fill: United German Republics (3/12), France (2/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: The United German Republics are engaged in an ongoing competition with France and Britain to develop advanced military technologies and weaponry, potentially destabilizing the balance of power in the region and reigniting old rivalries.
Dolchstosslegende (3/10)
Fill: United German Republics (3/10)
Context: The United German Republics face internal threats from extremist groups, terrorism, and separatist movements, challenging the nation's security and stability. It must address these concerns to preserve national unity.
A Flickering Beacon of Democracy (4/12)
Fill: United German Republics (4/12)
Context: The United German Republics are struggling to maintain and strengthen their democratic institutions, as corruption, political infighting, and external pressures test the resilience of their democratic values. Addressing these issues is vital for the nation's political future.
The Technological Divide (3/10)
Fill: United German Republics (2/10), France (1/10)
Context: The United German Republics lag behind France in technological advancements, hindering economic growth and global competitiveness, and contributing to the clamor of Germany's powerful motor engines lobby.
A Legacy of Loss (11/12)
Fill: United German Republics (6/12), Czechia (3/12), France (1/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: The United German Republics continue to grapple with the loss of territory and influence following the Great War, affecting national pride and international standing.
The Powder Keg of Europe (10/12)
Fill: United German Republics (3/12), Poland (3/12), France (2/12), Russia (1/12), Prussia (1/12)
Context: The situation with Poland and the Soviet Revolution in Eastern Europe continue to exacerbate tensions between Germany and the West as various political forces within Germany are torn hither and thither by the obligations of honor.
Kämpferinnen der Heimat (5/10)
Fill: Germany (5/10)
Context: German women, too, served their country during the Great War, both on the frontlines and in crucial support roles. As they return to a society that denies them equal opportunities and rights, the suffragette movement in Germany has gained new momentum. Women veterans and their supporters are calling for an end to discriminatory practices and demanding the right to vote, as they seek to reshape post-war Germany into a more just and equal society.
An Imperial Hostage (2/12)
Fill: Germany (1/12), Japan (1/12)
Context: In the Legation peace of Northeast Asia, Germany won a small badge of respect from the Western Commission and the reviled Treaty Force became infamous as one of the most effective fighting forces ever created. A major figure of the Japanese Imperial Family, Prince Tomohiro, was sent with a retinue to live in Germany as guests of the German government. Allegedly, this retinue have become devotees of Germany, and are known to be fierce friends of General Adler.


Prussian Social Revival Movement
Base City: Szczecin
Reputation: Indifferent
Legitimacy: 10%
Base IC: 1
Army: 7 Revolutionary Divisions
Navy: 2 Barques
Objective: Liberate the nation of Prussia from Germany and Poland.


Anational Free Trades Association
Base City: Stuttgart
Reputation: Indifferent
Legitimacy: 20%
Base IC: 0
Army: 9 Militia Divisions, 1 Revolutionary Division
Objective: No gods, no masters, only free people.


Italian Empire: NinjaCow64
Federative Congressional Republic: Emperor-Regent Luigi Umberto
Capital: Rome
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 50%
Reputation: Feared
Private Enterprise: 18
Finance/Real Estate: 3
Public Services: 4
Military Industry: 5
Army: 10 Guards Divisions, 10 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 1 Capital Ships, 2 Cruiser Groups, 7 Destroyer Groups, 4 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Air: 3 Biplane Squadrons, 2 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Elite
Background: The Empire of Italy formed out of a successful peninsula-wide rebellion against the French Empire in 1839, which eventually led to the continent-spanning rebellions and revolutions of 1844. Although many of those ultimately were defeated, the Italian rebellion triumphed over all comers and became the very symbol of meritocracy. This irresistible vision of the new Italy brought both the nobles and capitalists in line, and seemingly came to an end with Great War, when Rome was occupied and the government, scattered. Although a provisional government made peace with the west, it too was overthrown by revolution from within and the imperial system was reestablished. The newly-elected National Front now promises to ensure peace with the west, but it will have to submit to very unpopular reparations and further demilitarization to truly satisfy Paris (and to send the large French garrisons in Lombardy home).

Il Mare non Perdona (3/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (3/10)
Context: The issue of piracy in the Adriatic Sea has become a contentious political point within the Italian Empire. The inability to control this problem has led to disagreements between factions favoring more military intervention and those advocating for diplomatic negotiations with neighboring countries.
The Resounding Voice of Luzatto (5/12)
Fill: Italian Empire (5/12)
Context: The growing influence of Emmanuella Luzatto's Roman Proletarians is causing a political divide within the Empire. The call for social reform and workers' rights is leading to class-based tensions and debates, threatening the government's unity and potentially destabilizing the current power structure.
Sciopero all'orizzonte (4/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (4/10)
Context: The threat of a massive general strike by worker federations is creating a rift within the Empire's political class. Debates over labor rights and economic policies are intensifying, leading to potential class-based conflict and challenging the government's ability to maintain order.
The Edge of the Empire (6/12)
Fill: Italian Empire (6/12)
Context: The challenge of maintaining control over the Empire's diverse territories is sparking political debates within the Empire. Nationalists and separatists are clashing over issues of regional autonomy and national identity, putting the Empire's stability at risk.
The Economic Tightrope (5/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (5/10)
Context: High unemployment rates, slow growth, and inflation are fueling heated political debates within the Italian Empire. Disputes between fiscal conservatives, who argue for austerity measures, and social democrats, who call for increased government spending, are exacerbating social tensions.
Echoes of War, Echoes of Pain (4/8)
Fill: Italian Empire (3/8), France (1/8)
Context: The aftermath of recent conflicts is a major source of political contention within the Empire. While some factions argue for reconciliation and cooperation with former enemies like France, others push for a more confrontational approach, hindering recovery efforts.
What Remains (3/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (2/10), France (1/10)
Context: Competition with France over resources is sparking political debates within the Italian Empire. Differences in strategies and priorities between environmentalists, industrialists, and nationalists are creating tensions and complicating policy-making.
Nella Palude Diplomatica (6/12)
Fill: Italian Empire (4/12), France (1/12), Britain (1/12)
Context: International relations present a complex political landscape for the Italian Empire. There are disagreements between isolationist and internationalist factions, with the former advocating for self-reliance and the latter pushing for stronger ties with France and Britain.
The Technological Gap (3/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (2/10), Germany (1/10)
Context: The Empire's lag in technological advancements compared to Germany has become a political issue. Debates between those advocating for increased investment in technology and those favoring traditional industries are heating up, causing further internal discord.
Combattere per la Democrazia (5/12)
Fill: Italian Empire (5/12)
Context: Struggles to maintain democratic institutions are causing a rift within the Italian Empire. Conflicts between proponents of a stronger centralized government and those advocating for more local autonomy are testing the resilience of the Empire's democratic values.
Fleur De Lis, De Lenda Est (4/10)
Fill: Italian Empire (3/10), France (1/10)
Context: The rivalry with France has become a major point of contention within the Empire. Disagreements between hawks, who favor a more aggressive stance, and doves, who advocate for diplomacy and cooperation, are shaping the Empire's foreign policy and contributing to a climate of uncertainty.
Minacce Nell'ombra (2/8)
Fill: Italian Empire (2/8)
Context: The Empire's internal security situation is a major topic of political debate. The rise of extremist groups and separatist movements has polarized the political landscape, with conservatives pushing for tougher security measures and liberals arguing for addressing root social and economic causes.


Czech Republic
Constitutional Republic: Conservative Party
Capital: Praha
Dissent: 17%
Jingoism: 38%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 5
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 2
Army: 12 Guards Divisions, 3 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular

Birth of a Nation (3/10)
Fill: Czechia (3/10)
Context: As Czechia emerges from the shadow of Germany, it struggles to establish its own identity, political stability, and economic infrastructure, while also navigating newfound independence and potential international pressures.
The Struggle for Prosperity (4/12)
Fill: Czechia (4/12)
Context: Czechia is grappling with the economic fallout from its recent separation from Germany, as it strives to develop its own industries and attract foreign investment. The government must balance domestic needs with international relations to secure its future growth.
In the Crosshairs of Influence (3/8)
Fill: Czechia (3/8)
Context: As a newly independent nation, Czechia finds itself at the center of a power struggle between larger, more influential countries. Balancing diplomacy and national interests will be crucial to avoid being manipulated or drawn into unwanted conflicts.


United Kingdom of Denmark-Norway and Sweden
Parliamentary Monarchy: King Christian X
Capital: Copenhagen
Dissent: 42%
Jingoism: 32%
Reputation: Liked
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 2
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 1 Cruiser Squadron, 10 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: The successful nomination of a Danish prince to a Swedish throne, a small population, a century of spinning the wheels in quiet cooperation with the dominant tides of North Sea trade, and fear of the Russian juggernaut and the example of Finland, are all hall marks of this Scandinavian union, which rides the line between Danish pride and Scandinavian nationhood.

United by a Fragile Crown (6/12)
Fill: Denmark-Norway (3/12), Sweden (3/12)
Context: The delicate union between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden is held together by the shared monarchy, but the purely hypothetical death of the king would threaten to dissolve the political alliance, potentially leading to internal divisions and weakened regional influence.
A Population at the Mercy of Giants (4/10)
Fill: Denmark-Norway (2/10), Sweden (2/10)
Context: With a small population compared to the larger powers surrounding them, Denmark-Norway and Sweden must navigate the complexities of international politics and protect their interests, as they face the ever-present fear of the Russian juggernaut and the example of Finland.
The Tightrope of Trade (3/8)
Fill: Denmark-Norway (2/8), Sweden (1/8)
Context: Balancing Danish pride with Scandinavian nationhood, Denmark-Norway and Sweden rely heavily on North Sea trade for economic prosperity. The countries must carefully maintain good relations with trade partners while avoiding being drawn into regional conflicts that could disrupt their delicate balance.


Polish Republic: Caesar of Bread
Military Republic: Warsaw Junta
Capital: Warsaw
Dissent: 51%
Jingoism: 66%
Reputation: Hated
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 2
State Enterprise: 2
Public Services: 4
Military Industry: 7
Army: 24 Guards Divisions, 10 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions, 1 Armored Division
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 3 Destroyer Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 7 Biplane Squadrons, 5 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: At first no more than a political project propped up by Napoleon, the Republic of Poland came into its own in the 20th century, fully capitalizing on the gains made half a century prior. The current republic is industrializing quickly and well-armed, having been a core site of the Great War's battles. Despite its victories, it is politically divided, as the ruling junta have long swept any pretense of democracy aside, and the opposition liberals are trying and failing to keep the ever-increasing masses of unemployed anarchists at bay.

The Struggle for Democracy (5/12)
Fill: Poland (5/12)
Context: Despite the progressive victories in recent elections, Poland faces challenges in maintaining and strengthening its democratic institutions amidst voter suppression, propaganda allegations, and political unrest.
A Nation Divided (5/10)
Fill: National Party (3/10), People's Progress Party (2/10)
Context: The National Party, still in control of the National Consulate, is at odds with the new coalition government, creating an uncertain political landscape and hindering the implementation of reforms.
Paramilitary Peril (3/8)
Fill: National Party (3/8)
Context: Violence perpetrated by Polish paramilitary groups against minority communities and political opponents is escalating, threatening the stability and inclusiveness of the nation.
The Prussian Question (4/10)
Fill: Poland (2/10), Prussia (2/10)
Context: With Prussian nationalists demanding autonomy, Poland faces the challenge of addressing regional demands while maintaining national unity.
The Tightrope of Progress (6/12)
Fill: National Party (3/12), People's Progress Party (3/12)
Context: The Coalition for People's Progress must navigate a delicate balance between advancing progressive values and maintaining stability in the face of opposition and radicalism.
Anarchy at the Doorstep (5/10)
Fill: People's Progress Party (3/10), National Party (2/10)
Context: As tensions rise between the left coalitions and the National Party, Poland teeters on the brink of radicalism and anarchy, with potentially dire consequences for the nation's future.
Upholding the Legacy (3/8)
Fill: Poland (3/8)
Context: In this time of uncertainty and change, Poland must honor the sacrifices of those who fought for democracy by ensuring that their legacy endures in the form of stability, progress, and inclusiveness for all citizens.


Kingdom of Austria
Constitutional Monarchy: Queen Josephina von Habsburg
Capital: Vienna
Dissent: 44%
Jingoism: 45%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 3
Finance/Real Estate: 2
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 2
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 4 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Air: 2 Biplane Squadrons, 1 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The Kingdom of Austria has limped along as such ever since it emerged from the populist revolutions of 1844, unbroken by the mob, except for Hungary and the rest of the Empire, which were lost. The Holy Roman Empire a long-distant memory, the ambition of the Habsburgs remains yet undiminished. The Kingdom of Austria represents a reformist project to build a new identity for Germany: as a sister nation to Austria, which must learn from her big sister. This led to the Founding War of the United Republics, which ended when Italy occupied Austrian territory and forced a settlement to the issue. Austria did not participate in the Great War, but Austrian warhawks seek to take advantage of Germany's present weakness.

A Sister's Shadow (4/12)
Fill: Austria (4/12)
Context: Following the loss of the Holy Roman Empire and Hungary, Austria aims to redefine its identity and serve as a guiding force for Germany, while navigating the challenges that come with a changing geopolitical landscape.
Unfulfilled Ambitions (3/10)
Fill: Austria (3/10)
Context: Austria's ambitions remain strong despite its historical setbacks, leading to tensions with neighboring nations and the potential for conflict as some Austrian warhawks seek to exploit Germany's weakness.
Bonds Across Borders (5/12)
Fill: Austria (3/12), Czechia (2/12)
Context: The defensive pact signed between Austria and Czechia signals closer relations and potential cooperation, but also introduces new risks as both nations must navigate the complexities of regional politics and security concerns.


Hungarian Republic: Plains-Cow
Revolutionary Republic: "The Middle Rebellion"
Capital: Budapest
Dissent: 64%
Jingoism: 61%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 1
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 2
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Background: In 1844, the Italian revolution finally spread to the Danube. Austria was besieged on all fronts and no aid would come from France, Russia, or the Ottoman. Hungarian nobles and commoners alike took to the streets of Budapest and unfurled the greens, whites, and reds of the popular revolution. In a matter of months, the Austrian authority had all but evaporated in Hungary, and it would be border war with Poland and, later, Russia that would force the Hungarian Republic to create itself. A multi-national federation of a style with Italy's was built in Hungary, but alas the Hungarian nationalist project struggled with the problems of Transylvania and Croatia. By the time of the Great War, Hungary had joined the Eastern Alliance with Germany, Italy, and Russia, and would be mercilessly divided by both revolution and peace terms in the coming years.

Faith and Transformation (4/12)
Fill: Hungary (4/12)
Context: Hungary's Revolutionary Government is attempting to balance Catholic tradition with innovation, striving to adapt religious practices to the nation's unique cultural characteristics, which has led to both support and controversy.
Economic Reimagining (3/10)
Fill: Hungary (3/10)
Context: Hungary's wide-ranging economic policies aim to improve workers' conditions and redistribute power, but the policies' effectiveness and the potential for abuse of power are hotly debated.
Military Overhaul (5/12)
Fill: Hungary (5/12)
Context: Hungary's military is undergoing a significant shift towards decentralized leadership and defensive tactics, causing concerns about national security and military effectiveness.
Authority and Autonomy (2/8)
Fill: Hungary (2/8)
Context: The Hungarian government's approach to selecting religious leaders and potentially purging dissenters raises questions about the balance between central authority and individual autonomy within the nation.
Folklore Fusion (6/12)
Fill: Hungary (5/12), Austria (1/12)
Context: The government's intention to incorporate elements of folklore and pre-Christian traditions into religious practices generates debate over the merits of cultural fusion and its impact on national identity.


United Romanian Republics
Federative Congressional Republic: Liberal-Republican Party (elected in 1919)
Capital: Bucharest
Dissent: 46%
Jingoism: 53%
Reputation: Liked
Private Enterprise: 3
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 3
Military Industry: 3
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Air: 1 Biplane Squadron
Air Quality: Green
Background: If Hungary was the big loser of the Great War, Romania was the big winner. A successful revolution started in Transylvania by revolutionaries from Bucharest had galvanized the rump Russophilic state of Wallachia and would later successfully seize all of Moldavia, taking advantage in a time when other nations were crumbling (as, indeed, the then-nascent Ukrainian Republic had no interest in quashing Romania at that time, or could not act on it if they did). As a union of republics, modeled in the Italian populist revolutionary style, the United Romanian Republics is a very young nation born of war and revolution, and the political debates in Bucharest grow ever more grim between the influential and young urban revolutionary class and their bankrolling, nationalist landlords.

National Identity Crisis (5/12)
Fill: United Romanian Republic (5/12)
Context: The United Romanian Republic grapples with questions of national identity, as it seeks to forge a unified sense of purpose and belonging among its diverse population amidst the challenges of recent events.
Regional Tensions (4/10)
Fill: United Romanian Republic (4/10)
Context: The United Romanian Republic faces growing tensions with neighboring countries, as shifting alliances and unresolved territorial disputes threaten to destabilize the region further.
Economic Recovery (3/8)
Fill: United Romanian Republic (3/8)
Context: The United Romanian Republic struggles to rebuild its economy following recent turmoil, balancing the need for sustainable growth with demands for social and infrastructure investments.


Bulgarian People's Republic
Revolutionary Republic: Bulgarian Revolutionary Nationalist Party
Capital: Sofia
Dissent: 59%
Jingoism: 38%
Reputation: Hated
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 2
Army: 2 Guards Divisions, 8 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Background: The Bulgarian nationalist movement was the key driving force of the Bulgarian revolution for decades before the Great War, when amidst the collapse of the Ottoman Empire it saw chaos like the rest. Traction would not come until 1913 (roundly considered the death knell of the Ottoman state), when the left coalition of the active revolutionary nationalist party finally achieved the upper hand and expelled certain unpopular aristocrats. After many years of war, the Bulgarian People's Republic was announced by the victorious Nationalist Party. Despite their success, the ruling faction is unpopular for their socialist ways, and once elections are held the mood is certain that the Center will abandon them. With pressure to hold elections mounting, the young republic must ponder what it shall do.

Political Uncertainty (6/12)
Fill: Bulgarian People's Republic (6/12)
Context: With growing pressure to hold elections, the Bulgarian People's Republic faces political uncertainty as the ruling Nationalist Party risks losing power to more moderate factions, potentially reshaping the direction of the young republic.
Economic Transition (4/10)
Fill: Bulgarian People's Republic (4/10)
Context: The Bulgarian People's Republic grapples with the challenges of transitioning from a war-time economy to a peacetime one, which involves addressing issues of unemployment, infrastructure development, and trade relations.
Social Cohesion (3/8)
Fill: Bulgarian People's Republic (3/8)
Context: The Bulgarian People's Republic must navigate the social divisions and unrest caused by the nationalist movement and socialist policies, working to promote unity and stability within its diverse population.


Yugoslavian Republic
Provisional Commissary State: Alliance for National Unity
Capital: Belgrade
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 29%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 7
Finance/Real Estate: 2
Public Services: 0
Military Industry: 2
Army: 5 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: Formed by treaty and force by the end of the Great War, the Yugoslavian Republic represents the Western Commission's solution to the issues of Serbian and Croat nationalism, playing up the hatred of both parties against the Italians and the Hungarians which had divided the region for the previous half-century. Based in the ideal of South Slav unity, the Western Commission intends this republic to develop into a new independent nation for "the Yugoslavian people," and sets now on the hard work of fitting those people into this government.

Fragile Unity (4/12)
Fill: Yugoslavian Republic (4/12)
Context: The fragile unity of the Yugoslavian Republic faces considerable strain as Serbian and Croat nationalist sentiments challenge the Western Commission's vision of a cohesive, independent nation for "the Yugoslavian people."
Economic Disparity (6/10)
Fill: Yugoslavian Republic (6/10)
Context: Deep economic disparities between regions within the Yugoslavian Republic pose a significant obstacle to the development of a cohesive national identity and the ability to effectively govern and provide for its citizens.
Border Disputes (3/8)
Fill: Yugoslavian Republic (3/8)
Context: Lingering border disputes with neighboring countries, particularly Italy and Hungary, threaten the stability of the Yugoslavian Republic, as historical grievances and competing territorial claims cast a shadow over diplomatic relations.
National Identity Building (5/12)
Fill: Yugoslavian Republic (5/12)
Context: The Yugoslavian Republic faces the monumental challenge of constructing a shared national identity that reconciles and incorporates the diverse ethnic, cultural, and religious backgrounds of its people, while navigating deep-seated historical divisions.


Greece
Military Junta: Athens Commission
Capital: Athens
Dissent: 56%
Jingoism: 65%
Reputation: Liked
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 2
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 14 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: An ever-recurring thorn in the paws of all powers, Greece in the 19th century was a story of imperial misadventure and great power politicking. By century's end, all had lost control of the situation with the Greek-Ottoman War. The resolution to thus was short-lived as during the Great War, Greece had aligned with the Eastern Alliance, and attacked the Western Commission's Ottoman ally alongside Russia. The Greek government that fought this war would ultimately be destroyed. However, with the Ottomans now in collapse and Anatolia reunited by the forces of the Turkish revolution, France and Britain have scrambled to establish a new solution to the Greek problem and settled on the Athens Commission: much like the pre-war government, in fact containing many of the same people, but now charged with fighting Turkey rather than punished for doing so. Needless to say, the Greeks are more than a little cynical about this arrangement, with the newspapers daily urging the government to "take what it can in Thrace and ditch the West at the first opportunity."

Unstable Alliances (5/10)
Fill: Greece (5/10)
Context: Greece's shifting alliances, from supporting the Eastern Alliance in the Great War to now being backed by the Western Commission, create an uncertain geopolitical landscape and risk further straining relations with neighboring countries.
Greek-Turkish Tensions (8/12)
Fill: Greece (7/12), Turkey (1/12)
Context: The ongoing animosity between Greece and Turkey, fueled by territorial disputes in Thrace and the legacy of the Greek-Ottoman War, threatens the stability of the region and the potential for future conflict.
Internal Cynicism (3/8)
Fill: Greece (3/8)
Context: Widespread cynicism within Greece regarding the Athens Commission and its alignment with the Western Commission undermines public trust in the government, potentially leading to unrest and calls for a more independent foreign policy.
Nationalist Ambitions (6/10)
Fill: Greece (6/10)
Context: The growing power of ultranationalist movements in Greece, advocating for "Great Hellas," stirs up tensions both domestically and internationally, as they push for territorial expansion and a more assertive stance against foreign powers.
Economic Instability (4/10)
Fill: Greece (4/10)
Context: The constant shifts in alliances and warfare have taken a toll on the Greek economy, leaving the country to grapple with the challenges of rebuilding infrastructure, stabilizing its currency, and finding new trade partners.


Turkish Revolutionary Republic
Revolutionary Committee: Turkish Nationalist & Socialist People's Movement
Capital: Ankara
Dissent: 33%
Jingoism: 31%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 10
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 5
Army: 6 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 3 Capital Ships, 9 Cruiser Squadrons, 12 Destroyer Squadrons, 4 Submarine Squadrons
Navy Quality: Veteran
Background: Unrecognized by the Western Commission or any other state, the Turkish Revolutionary Republic is a very young state which exists amidst the collapse of the Ottoman empire and the desperate, failing efforts of the Western Commission to prop it up. Based in Ankara, the Turkish revolutionary movement formed from deserting officers and bureaucrats who realized that the increasingly-militarized and French-and-British-flag-having Constantinople was no longer a place for Ottoman officers to engage in politics on its own terms. The legally murky Battle of Constantinople saw the revolutionaries take the city from the Western Commission, but it is known the fighting was not intense. The movement seeks now to define Turkey and express a revolutionary path towards modernity, shorn of the baggage and weakness of the Ottoman state, and not yielding an inch of soil in Thrace.

Quest for Recognition (6/12)
Fill: Turkey (6/12)
Context: The Turkish Revolutionary Republic's struggle for international recognition amidst the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the Western Commission's efforts to maintain influence in the region, puts the young state in a precarious diplomatic position.
Defining National Identity (4/10)
Fill: Turkey (4/10)
Context: The revolutionary movement in Turkey faces the challenge of defining a new national identity, separating itself from the Ottoman past, and forging a modern path towards progress and self-determination.
Thrace Dispute (8/12)
Fill: Turkey (8/12)
Context: Tensions over territorial claims in Thrace threaten to escalate into conflict, as Turkey remains determined not to yield any land and faces opposition from neighboring countries and international powers.
Post-Revolutionary Economic Development (3/8)
Fill: Turkey (3/8)
Context: Following the revolution, Turkey must focus on rebuilding its economy, establishing new trade agreements, and finding stable partners, as demonstrated by the recent Crimean shipping routes agreement with the Ukraineshchina Soviet Combine.
Balancing Internal and External Pressures (5/10)
Fill: Turkey (5/10)
Context: The Turkish Revolutionary Republic faces the dual challenges of maintaining internal stability and unity while simultaneously navigating the complex and volatile geopolitical landscape of the region, which includes managing relations with both Western and Soviet powers.


Russian Soviet Republic: J.K. Stockholme
Soviet Republic: Social Democratic Workers' Party of Russia (elected in 1917)
Capital: Soyuzgrad
Dissent: 29%
Jingoism: 41%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 7
Finance/Real Estate: 3
State Enterprise: 3
Public Services: 3
Military Industry: 5
Army: 9 Guards Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 3 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Capital Ships, 4 Destroyer Groups, 3 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Air: 1 Dirigible Division, 1 Biplane Squadron
Air Quality: Green
Background: The Russian Empire cast its lot in with Napoleon once it signed the Treaty of Tilsit, and the successful Thracian Expedition would force Ottoman hands in its war against Russia. The theme of the remaining century, however, was one of hostility and alienation. The Russian Empire would become symbolic of the "forces of reaction," as they were often known in the west, and presumptive alliances with conservative German, Austrian, and Hungarian factions became the norm. Internally, political divisions only became sharper, and industrialization was a slow and grueling process. In the end, it was the bloody theaters of Poland and Romania that would break the resolve of the Tsar, and lead the way to revolution in 1916. The provisional government elected to St. Petersburg that same year would vote in 1917 to form the Soviet Republic of Russia (a highly-contested vote, as many ministers "associated with the Tsar regime" were locked out of the government chambers) and vow to end the war. The Western Commission has not recognized the Soviet government, and expects reparations to be paid from Russia once the mob has been cleared out of the temporarily-renamed St. Petersburg.

International Solidarity in Ukraine (7/12)
Fill: Russia (7/12)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic sends selfless international volunteers to Ukraine, demonstrating the strength of worker solidarity across borders while extending a helping hand to secure peace and prosperity in the region.
Peaceful Diplomacy (5/12)
Fill: Russia (5/12)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic is an advocate for peace, fairness, and democracy, working tirelessly to promote workers' rights and the global labor movement.
Unity in the Global Labor Movement (3/10)
Fill: Russia (3/10)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic's efforts to unite the international socialist movement under the banner of the Second International foster cooperation and shared prosperity for workers around the world.
Defending Workers' Interests on the Belarus-Poland Border (8/12)
Fill: Russia (8/12)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic stands steadfast in the face of tensions between Belarus and Poland, working tirelessly to protect the interests of workers and socialism in the region.
Fostering Internal Harmony (6/12)
Fill: Obinites (3/12), Soviet Republics (2/12), Social Democrats (1/12)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic is committed to engaging in dialogue and fostering understanding among various political factions, striving to achieve unity in the name of socialism and progress.
Ensuring Peace Through Strength (2/8)
Fill: Russia (2/8)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic's dedication to building a dirigible division and a biplane squadron showcases its commitment to safeguarding socialism and ensuring peace through a strong military.
The Rebirth of the Donbas (4/10)
Fill: Russia (4/10)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic's noble efforts to "Sovietize" the Donbas region in Ukraine pave the way for a brighter future, bringing economic growth and stability to the workers and their families.
Supporting Democracy in Poland (7/12)
Fill: Russia (4/12), France (3/12)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic champions the rights of the Polish working class and supports their aspirations for a fair and democratic society.
A Thriving Socialist Economy (3/8)
Fill: Russia (3/8)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic skillfully manages its resources to support both domestic and international efforts, ensuring the continued growth and success of the socialist economy.
Spreading the Socialist Dream (4/10)
Fill: Russia (4/10)
Context: The Russian Soviet Republic's dedication to spreading socialism worldwide inspires hope and unity, bringing the dream of a just and equitable society closer to reality.
Reactionary Chaos (4/12)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (3/12), Russia (1/12)
Context: The Army of National Purity, a coalition of conservative forces and Kazakhs, poses a significant threat to the Russian Soviet Republic, as it continues to expand its influence and undermine the socialist cause.
Turmoil on the Frontier (5/10)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (3/10), Great Qiu State (2/10)
Context: As the conflict between the Kazakh Republic and the Great Qiu State rages on, the Russian Soviet Republic faces growing instability along its borders, with potential repercussions for the safety and stability of the region.
The Struggle for the Nomads' Land (3/12)
Fill: Russia (1/12), Kazakh Republic (1/12), Great Qiu State (1/12)
Context: The ongoing war between the Kazakh Republic and the Great Qiu State in Xibei San Ma, Mongolia, and Siberia has severely impacted nomadic lifestyles across the steppe, driving some into the arms of the Russian settlers and others to warlordism and banditry.


Ataman Ukraine
Military Dictatorship: Voyevoda Ruslana Yevtushenko
Capital: Kiev
Dissent: 67%
Jingoism: 44%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 3
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 0
Military Industry: 2
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 3 Infantry Divisions, 1 Cavalry Division
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: None
Navy Quality: Mutinous
Background: Having seized power from the civilian government in Kiev, Voyevoda Ruslana Yevtushenko endeavors to ruthlessly complete the unification of Ukraine at all costs.
The Struggle for Ukraine's Heart (8/12)
Fill: Ataman (4/8), Ukraineshchina (4/8)
Context: The ongoing Ukrainian Civil War sees the Ataman and Ukraineshchina factions vying for control, with both sides determined to shape the future of the nation according to their respective visions.
The Resource War (6/10)
Fill: Ataman (3/10), Ukraineshchina (2/10), Russia (1/10)
Context: The rich resources of eastern Ukraine and the Donetsk Basin are a coveted prize, and both the Ataman and Ukraineshchina factions are fiercely competing to secure these valuable assets for themselves.
The Fight for the People's Hearts (8/12)
Fill: Ataman (3/12), Ukraineshchina (4/12), Russia (1/12)
Context: As the Ukrainian Civil War rages on, both the Ataman and Ukraineshchina factions work tirelessly to win the hearts and minds of the Ukrainian people, hoping to secure their loyalty and support.
The Military Tempo (5/10)
Fill: Ataman (2/10), Ukraineshchina (3/10)
Context: The war is characterized by trades of motorized aggression and massive looting, and whichever side keeps tempo will be the first to the loot.
International Intervention (5/12)
Fill: Russia (2/12), Ukraine (2/12), Poland (1/12)
Context: The Ukrainian Civil War has caught the attention of global powers, with both the Ataman and Ukraineshchina factions seeking to capitalize on international support to tip the scales in their favor.
The Path to Stability (3/10)
Fill: Ataman (1/10), Ukraineshchina (2/10)
Context: Amidst the chaos of the Ukrainian Civil War, both the Ataman and Ukraineshchina factions claim to offer a path to stability and prosperity, as they compete to establish a new order in Ukraine.


Ukraineshchina Soviet Combine: cardgame
Base City: Sevastopol
Reputation: Respected
Legitimacy: 65%
Base IC: 4
Army: 3 Militia Divisions, 6 Revolutionary Divisions
Navy: 2 Barques, 1 Capital Ship, 2 Destroyer Groups, 1 Submarine Group
Objective: Overthrow the government and form a new socialist society.


Kazakh Republic
Military Dictatorship: Generalissimo Antonov Andreievich Dubrovsky
Capital: Almaty
Dissent: 57%
Jingoism: 3%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 0
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 0
Military Industry: 2
Army: 11 Infantry Divisions, 10 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Background: Amidst the chaotic upheavals of the Great War, the Russian Empire was as determined not to lose central Asia to rebels as anywhere else; on top of which, previous liberal Duma administrations had successfully exiled numerous conservative or old nobility officers to Kazakhstan. Even with the onset of the war, politics prevented many of them from returning, and they were earmarked for the merciless Afghan Theater. By 1915, enough was enough and the local army units defected and, with the help of their Kazakh comrades, created a new Kazakh Republic to ride out the collapse of the Empire. Officially at peace with the Western Commission for only token reparations, Uzbek nationalism is now the foremost political issue for this military junta masquerading as a republic.

The Struggle for National Identity (5/12)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (5/12)
Context: As the Kazakh Republic faces numerous internal and external challenges, its leaders must navigate the complex dynamics of national identity, balancing the aspirations of the native Kazakh population with the interests of the conservative Russian exiles.
The Threat of Uzbek Nationalism (4/10)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (4/10)
Context: With the rise of Uzbek nationalism, the Kazakh Republic finds itself facing a powerful internal challenge that threatens to undermine its authority and stability.
Military Junta Dilemma (6/12)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (6/12)
Context: The military junta that controls the Kazakh Republic faces mounting discontent from the population, as its authoritarian rule stifles dissent and curtails personal freedoms.
The Battle for the Volga Steppes (3/10)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (3/10)
Context: As the Army of National Purity threatens the security of the Kazakh Republic, the government must grapple with the challenge of protecting its borders and maintaining control over the strategic Volga steppelands.
The Great Qiu State Conflict (5/12)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (5/12)
Context: The ongoing war between the Kazakh Republic and the Great Qiu State has embroiled the region in conflict, with both sides vying for control over vital territories and resources.
The Plight of the Nomadic Peoples (4/10)
Fill: Kazakh Republic (4/10)
Context: As the war between the Kazakh Republic and the Great Qiu State rages across Xibei San Ma, Mongolia, and Siberia, the nomadic peoples who inhabit these lands bear the brunt of the conflict, facing displacement, violence, and hardship.


United States of America
Federative Congressional Republic: Democratic-Republican Party (elected in 1915)
Capital: Washington D.C.
Dissent: 27%
Jingoism: 17%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 26
Finance/Real Estate: 8
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 6
Army: 13 Guards Divisions, 7 Infantry Divisions, 1 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 12 Capital Ships, 16 Cruiser Groups, 30 Destroyer Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 2 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Green
Background: The French Revolution in North America as it came to be known, sometimes called the Disastrous War in the United States, set the tone for a very indolent century for the United States, as the generals quietly hung up their hats at the end of long, disastrous, and mostly failed campaigns. And so, a quiet era of disappointment set in, whereby U.S. politics came to be dominated by a very entrenched group of east coast nobles. As half of these were slavers, an attitude propped up in the west and at the very furthest reaches of the Louisiana Purchase that the national question was one of the free independent yeomen and the old entrenched nobility. With no compromise forthcoming, the Civil War lasted from 1844 to 1850, and ended with the victory of the coalition led by the National Party, based in Ohio. Slavery was outlawed nationwide, and the seeds of a new era of urban politics were sown. After fifty years of development, colonial adventuring, and occasional saber-rattling with the France-and-Spain-backed Mexico, the Great War has finally presented the opportunity that hawks have longed for since the great verdant northwestern territory of Sacagawea became a state: to attack an isolated Mexican Republic, and perhaps seize the northern territories of California and Texas from them. The Democratic-Republican Mandate relies on winning this war started in 1916 soon, as the upcoming elections in 1919 threaten to swing the Congress back towards the National Party, which may continue the war but may also seek a negotiated settlement. An observing member of the Western Commission.

The Struggle for Political Power (6/12)
Fill: United States of America (6/12)
Context: As the United States grapples with the ongoing war against Mexico, the nation's political landscape is increasingly polarized between the pro-war Democratic-Republican Mandate and the National Party, which may seek a negotiated settlement. The outcome of the 1919 elections could determine the future of the war and the nation's path forward.
The Home Front: Industrialization and Labor Strife (4/10)
Fill: United States of America (4/10)
Context: As the United States continues to industrialize and urbanize, it faces a myriad of challenges related to labor relations, working conditions, and the rights of workers. Strikes and protests have become increasingly common, fueling social unrest and threatening the nation's economic stability.
The Legacy of Slavery and the Struggle for Racial Equality (5/12)
Fill: United States of America (5/12)
Context: The United States may have abolished slavery after the Civil War, but the nation continues to struggle with the legacy of racism and the fight for true racial equality. Incidents like the shooting of black sharecroppers in New Orleans have exposed the deep-seated racial tensions that still permeate American society, sparking protests and calls for reform.
The Exploitation of Natural Resources (4/10)
Fill: United States of America (4/10)
Context: The United States' rapid industrialization and territorial expansion have led to a voracious appetite for natural resources. The nation now faces the challenge of balancing economic growth and development with the need to protect and preserve its environment and natural heritage.
Women's Rights and the Suffrage Movement (3/10)
Fill: United States of America (3/10)
Context: The United States has seen a growing movement for women's rights, including the right to vote. However, progress has been slow, and many women continue to face discrimination and inequality in various aspects of society. As a result the suffragette movement has taken on a more urgent character.
Diplomacy and the International Arena (6/12)
Fill: Democratic-Republicans (5/12), National Party (1/12)
Context: As the United States pursues its military ambitions in Mexico, it must also navigate the complex world of international diplomacy, balancing its relationships with the Western Commission and other nations.
Education and the Struggle for Access (4/10)
Fill: United States of America (4/10)
Context: The United States faces an ongoing struggle to provide access to quality education for all citizens, regardless of race, class, or gender. Disparities in educational opportunities and resources have led to a growing debate over the role of government in providing equal access to education.
The War Effort and the Strain on Resources (6/12)
Fill: United States (3/12), Mexico (3/12)
Context: The ongoing war between Mexico and the United States has placed a tremendous strain on both nations' resources and citizens. The conflict has drained economic reserves, disrupted trade, and led to the loss of countless lives. As the war drags on, both sides face mounting pressure to find a resolution, while at the same time grappling with the potential consequences of a prolonged conflict.
The Role of Media and Propaganda in Shaping Public Opinion (4/10)
Fill: United States of America (4/10)
Context: The media has played a significant role in shaping public opinion and support for the U.S.-Mexico War, both through accurate reporting and the dissemination of propaganda. The influence of the media on public sentiment has led to a growing debate over the role of journalism in wartime and the responsibility of the press to provide unbiased, accurate information.
The Impact of Technological Advancements on Warfare (3/10)
Fill: United States of America (3/10)
Context: The U.S.-Mexico War has seen the introduction of new technologies and tactics, from aerial warfare to advanced artillery. As both sides strive to gain an advantage, the role of technology in modern warfare is being redefined, and the implications of these advancements on the nature of conflict are being debated.
Immigration and the Shifting Demographics of the United States (4/10)
Fill: United States of America (4/10)
Context: As the United States continues to grow and evolve, it faces significant demographic shifts driven by immigration, both legal and illegal. These changes have led to a complex and contentious debate over the role of immigrants in American society, the impact on the economy, and the need for comprehensive immigration reform.
Religious Tensions and the Role of Faith in Public Life (3/10)
Fill: United States of America (3/10)
Context: The United States has long been a nation of diverse faiths and beliefs, but recent events have underscored the growing religious tensions within the country. As religious groups vie for influence and recognition in public life, debates over the role of faith in politics and society have become increasingly contentious and divisive.


Mexican Republic
Constitutional Congressional Republic: Pablo Garcia Government (Liberal) (elected in 1911)
Capital: Mexico City
Dissent: 53%
Jingoism: 40%
Reputation: Liked
Private Enterprise: 17
Finance/Real Estate: 2
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 4
Army: 1 Guards Divisions, 7 Infantry Divisions, 9 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 5 Capital Ships, 4 Cruiser Groups, 11 Destroyer Groups, 7 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 1 Dirigible Division, 1 Biplane Squadron
Air Quality: Regular
Background: The Mexican Republic rose from the successful overthrow of the French-created Mexican Empire, which itself was the compromise option for the Spanish and French nobles who fled the French revolution half a century prior. After the sudden death of the propped-up Habsburg emperor with no presumptive heir, the government was seized by military strongmen, and France threw its lot in behind the Mexican indigenous leader Benito Juárez. The resulting Republic strengthened the central government, and Mexico City, much to the detriment of the northern territories, which would become a serious issue by the turn of the century, when the growing cities and industrial power of those regions aligned with a greater clamor for political power. Pablo Garcia, President of the current Mexican government, rules a political patchwork which many acknowledge desperately needs to be updated. However, the war with the United States and the growing chaos in the northern territories continue to exact a heavy toll.

Garcia's Government (7/10)
Fill: Mexico (7/10)
Context: President Pablo Garcia leads a government composed of a complex political patchwork, with many acknowledging the desperate need for updates. The ongoing war with the United States and the growing chaos in the northern territories exacerbate the situation. The government struggles to maintain stability and address the concerns of its diverse population, while managing the ongoing conflict.
Economic Strain Due to the War (8/10)
Fill: Mexico (8/10)
Context: The war with the United States has placed a heavy burden on the Mexican economy, leading to shortages of essential goods, reduced trade, and increased military spending. The government struggles to provide for its citizens while allocating resources to the war effort.
Dissent in the Field (6/10)
Fill: Mexico (6/10)
Context: The Battle of White Oak City revealed dissent among Mexican troops, with some questioning the leadership of General Antonio Ramirez. Morale is an ongoing concern as the government and military leaders attempt to maintain unity and commitment to the war effort.
The Northern Movement (7/10)
Fill: Mexico (7/10)
Context: The centralization of power in Mexico City and the strengthening of the central government have led to growing calls for decentralization and autonomy in the northern territories. These regions, which have seen significant industrial and urban growth, demand a greater share of political power.
The Pock-marked Flower of Youth (8/10)
Fill: Mexico (8/10)
Context: The heavy losses suffered by the Mexican military in battles such as White Oak City have taken a toll on the nation's morale and have led to questions about the country's military strategy and leadership.
The Mexican Identity (5/10)
Fill: Mexico (5/10)
Context: The overthrow of the French-created Mexican Empire and the rise of the Mexican Republic have led to the increased prominence of indigenous leaders in Mexican politics. This development has influenced the country's political landscape and power dynamics.
Lingua Franca (6/10)
Fill: Mexico (6/10)
Context: The involvement of European powers like France in the creation of the Mexican Empire and the subsequent rise of the Mexican Republic has left a lasting impact on Mexican politics and military. The country's reliance on European technology, as demonstrated in the Battle of Sacramento, highlights the ongoing influence of foreign powers in Mexican affairs.
The Sky General (8/10)
Fill: Mexico (8/10)
Context: The Battle of Sacramento showcased the power of aerial warfare and Mexico's ability to leverage this technology to their advantage. The use of planes and airships acquired from Europe has shifted the balance of power in the war, forcing both sides to adapt and invest in airpower.


Union of Central American Republics
Federative Congressional Republic: Catholic Union Party (elected in 1916)
Capital: Guatemala City
Dissent: 50%
Jingoism: 40%
Reputation: Hated
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 4 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 1 Destroyer Group, 1 Submarine Group
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: Finally successfully casting off the Spanish yoke in the Great War, and forming a new federative independent republic in Central America, the Union is patria non grata in the Western Commission, and its independence has only been formally recognized by the Republic of Mexico. The elected liberal government currently enjoys a broad base of support, but determined autonomists and rival political factions vary between ignoring the government and being outwardly contemptuous of it. The next few years will determine much about this Union's future.

Struggle for International Recognition (7/10)
Fill: Union of Central American Republics (7/10)
Context: The Union of Central American Republics, having recently gained independence, struggles for international recognition. With only Mexico formally acknowledging their independence, the Union finds itself isolated and excluded from the Western Commission. The newly-formed government must navigate this challenging diplomatic landscape and secure more international support to ensure its stability.
Political Factions and Autonomists (6/10)
Fill: Union of Central American Republics (6/10)
Context: The elected liberal government of the Union enjoys a broad base of support, but rival political factions and autonomists pose a challenge to its authority. These groups, ranging from being dismissive to openly contemptuous of the government, threaten the unity of the young nation. The government must find a way to address the concerns of these factions and work towards national cohesion.
Establishing a National Identity (5/10)
Fill: Union of Central American Republics (5/10)
Context: As a newly independent nation, the Union of Central American Republics faces the challenge of establishing a distinct national identity that can unite its diverse population. This involves forging a shared sense of history, culture, and values, which will play a crucial role in shaping the nation's future and ensuring its stability.


The Federation of People's Republics: J.A.M.
Socialist Republican Federation: Internationalist Movement for Socialism Party
Capital: Buenos Aires
Dissent: 44%
Jingoism: 51%
Reputation: Hated
Private Enterprise: 6
Finance/Real Estate: 0
State Enterprise: 3
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 3
Army: 9 Guards Divisions, 11 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Background: It seems all over the world now you can find a banner or a newspaper declaring the pronunciation of these words: "la federación ganó," a slogan now come to be associated with the precipitous collapse of the Spanish imperial authority in South America during the Great War. The situation, of course, was indebted to half a century of revolutionary mischief at the behest of French (and, later, British) business poachers, and wasteful expenditure in the quelling of bourgeois rebellions. Finally, the pendulum swung in the favor of those militant socialists who organized workers, middle tradesmen, and peasants alike, and scourged the owners and overseers from their midst. Between 1913 and 1918, the socialists conquered large swaths of the Spanish regime in South America, and continued to capitalize their gains far beyond anyone's expectations. Besieged by all of the Brazilians, the Colombians, and the Western Commission, the Argentine republics are taking up arms and mobilizing their forces in the Rio de la Plata basin, and the sister republics in Charcas, Peru and Chile will have to learn from their example or be stomped by counterrevolution.

Economic Struggles Amid Blockade (8/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (8/10)
Context: The Franco-British blockade has severely impacted the South American socialist confederation's economy, leading to shortages, inflation, and general unrest. The member states face mounting pressure to address the worsening economic situation, and differing opinions on how to tackle the problem threaten the unity of the federation.
Fractured Unity (7/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (7/10)
Context: Internal conflicts within the confederation, with member states like Peru, Bolivia, and Chile advocating for different strategies and priorities, create a fractured political landscape. These divisions make it difficult to form a cohesive response to the external challenges the federation faces.
Opposition Pressure in Argentina (6/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (6/10)
Context: In Argentina, President Luisa Mendez and the ruling socialist party face increasing pressure from opposition parties due to the worsening economic situation. Critics accuse Mendez of being too passive in the face of the blockade, and her government struggles to maintain control and address the mounting concerns.
Military Overextension (7/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (7/10)
Context: The federation's military forces are stretched thin, with many units deployed to the frontlines to defend against the invading forces of Brazil and Uruguay. This overextension leaves the confederation vulnerable, and further strains the already tenuous unity between member states.
Threat of Counterrevolution (7/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (7/10)
Context: As the socialist confederation faces internal and external challenges, the threat of counterrevolution looms large. The member states must find a way to address the various challenges they face, or risk being overwhelmed by a resurgence of opposition forces seeking to undo the gains made by the socialist movement.
The Need for Solidarity and Cooperation (6/10)
Fill: Federation of People's Republics (6/10)
Context: For the socialist confederation to survive and thrive, its member states must find a way to overcome their differences and work together to address the economic, military, and political challenges they face. Solidarity and cooperation will be essential in ensuring the success of the socialist experiment in South America.


Republic of China
Revolutionary Republic: Mindonghui
Capital: Nanjing
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 64%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 4
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 1
Army: 13 Guards Divisions, 7 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Capital Ship, 1 Cruiser Squadron, 3 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: Millennia of monarchy came to an end at the beginning of 1909, when the Yongheng Emperor, last of the Qing, confronted by mob and magistrate alike, abdicated his throne and abandoned Beijing. The Wushen Revolution (戊申革命), as it came to be called, set into motion the chain of events that would lead to the Great War. Immediately, the Japanese ambassador to the Qing, Saburou Takahara, went to the Emperor's residence and demanded he un-abdicate, as the Japanese government feared revolution would jeopardize the rights to property and industry Japan had worked so hard to secure with the Qing (and France's heavy-handed mediation). Laoyi (the Emperor's courtesy name) refused for fear of his life, as there had been two assassination attempts by ex-monks or magistrates in the last eight months alone. Making good on old threats, Ambassador Takahara then elected to take Laoyi into custody, and the gun battle thus associated is considered to be the opening shots of the Great War. Within a few weeks, Japanese imperial army units had entered Manchuria, and Beijing military factions had mobilized to answer. Meanwhile, the imperial abdication was celebrated throughout China and particularly in Nanjing, where the revolutionary Mindonghui (民动會) organization had gathered with the eyes to form a new national government. The "Republic of China" per the Mindonghui program was established, with the tentative (not wanting to seem unpatriotic) support of the Beijing generals. The war was long, and led to two outcomes: first, the arriving German-French expedition in 1917 would defeat the Japanese imperial forces in detail, and take Manchuria from China to form their new Legation; and second, a roundabout of Chinese military and political leadership, rotating between Nanjing and Beijing, where in either which place for the first time since the revolution it seems a new government might be formed.

Ideological Divides (6/10)
Fill: Republic of China (6/10)
Context: The Chinese states exhibit a range of ideological divisions, with some regional leaders more concerned with maintaining their own power and influence than the fate of the Republic as a whole. Others are more sympathetic to the Great Qiu State and its claims of a new order for China.
Tibetan Dilemma (5/10)
Fill: Republic of China (3/10), Tibet (2/10)
Context: In Tibet, the nobles and clergy are divided over their commitment to the Republic and its ideals. Some are eager to break away and form their own independent state, while others see the value in maintaining ties with the rest of China.
Yunnan's Cautious Approach (4/10)
Fill: Republic of China (2/10), Yunnan (2/10)
Context: In Yunnan, Zhao Xin and his supporters are taking a more cautious approach, weighing the benefits of self-management against the risks of alienating themselves from the rest of China.
Guangxi Challenge and Sichuan's Indecision (7/10)
Fill: Republic of China (3/10), Guangxi (3/10), Sichuan (1/10)
Context: Liu Fengjiao of Guangxi is emerging as a powerful challenger to the "Nanjing clique," threatening the Nanjing government's authority over the rest of China. Meanwhile, Wan Jie of Sichuan finds himself on the fence, caught between supporting the Guangxi challenge or remaining loyal to the Nanjing government. The outcome of this power struggle could reshape China's political landscape and influence the nation's future stability.
Nanjing Government's Struggle for Authority (6/10)
Fill: Republic of China (3/10), Great Qiu State (2/10), Guangxi (1/10)
Context: The Nanjing government struggles to maintain its authority in the face of ideological divisions, the threat of rebellion from the Great Qiu State, and the challenges posed by regional leaders.
Great Qiu State's Challenge to Unity (7/10)
Fill: Republic of China (7/10), Great Qiu State (7/10)
Context: The Great Qiu State poses a significant challenge to the unity of China, as its claims of a new order for the country garner support from some regional leaders.


Great Qiu State
Military Dictatorship: Emperor Zhang
Capital: Beijing
Dissent: 50%
Jingoism: 55%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 2
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 2
Army: 8 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 3 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Background: The great state of Qiu is the rebellious government formed by Generalissimo Zhang Xiaoquan, a veteran of the Legation War, known to grind axes against the bureaucrats in Nanjing, the Japanese invaders, and the French interlopers combined. In a decisive motion, Zhang decapitated the Nanjing authorities in Beijing and declared a new state, of which he himself would be Emperor. With strong support from certain core military cadres, they have so far been able to secure control of the northern plains; but Nanjing has already begun mobilizing its own forces in preparation to respond. The horrible specter of civil war now looms over China.

War to Reunite the Nation (5/10)
Fill: Great Qiu State (4/10), Nanjing Government (1/10)
Context: Both the Nanjing government and the Great Qiu State struggle to establish the legitimacy needed to identify themselves as each the rightful heir to Chinese unity. As the Great Qiu State wages war against the Kazakh Republic in the west, it accumulates prestige as a political power willing to fight the barbarians to defend China.
The Zhang Xiaoquan Factor (7/10)
Fill: Great Qiu State (7/10)
Context: Generalissimo Zhang Xiaoquan, a veteran of the Legation War and a staunch opponent of the Nanjing government, Japanese invaders, and French interlopers, has declared himself Emperor of the Great Qiu State. His charisma and military background have attracted strong support from core military cadres, but his rise to power threatens to plunge China into a civil war.
Looming Civil War (8/10)
Fill: Great Qiu State (8/10)
Context: With the Great Qiu State now controlling the northern plains and the Nanjing government mobilizing its forces in response, China is on the brink of a devastating civil war. The potential for widespread violence and suffering could have long-lasting consequences for the nation, further complicating its political landscape and hindering its progress.
Fragile Alliances (6/10)
Fill: Great Qiu State (6/10)
Context: The Great Qiu State's control over the northern plains relies on a complex web of alliances with various military cadres and regional power brokers. These fragile alliances may be difficult to maintain as the Nanjing government seeks to reassert its authority, potentially leading to splintering factions and a loss of support for the Great Qiu State.


Sichuan
Military Junta: Sichuan Clique
Capital: Chengdu
Dissent: 50%
Jingoism: 40%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 5 Guards Divisions, 3 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A local clique led by Wan Jie, Sichuan is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but is riding to the back in the current phase of the civil war between the Republic and the Qiu.


Guangxi
Military Junta: Guangxi Clique
Capital: Nanning
Dissent: 42%
Jingoism: 45%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 3
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions, 1 Cavalry Division
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A local clique led by Liu Fengjiao, Guangxi is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but is riding to the back in the current phase of the civil war between the Republic and the Qiu.


Shanxi
Military Junta: Shanxi Clique
Capital: Taiyuan
Dissent: 60%
Jingoism: 70%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 0
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 1 Infantry Division
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A local clique led by Xiong Fa, Shanxi is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but is riding to the back in the current phase of the civil war between the Republic and the Qiu.


Xibei San Ma
Military Junta: Ma Clique
Capital: Xining
Dissent: 50%
Jingoism: 57%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 3 Guards Divisions, 1 Infantry Division, 3 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A local clique led by Ma Huang, Xibei San Ma is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but is riding to the back in the current phase of the civil war between the Republic and the Qiu.


Tibet
Gubernatorial Junta
Capital: Lhasa
Dissent: 60%
Jingoism: 25%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 0
Army: 2 Guards Divisions, 1 Infantry Division
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A devolved clique of nobles and clergy, Tibet is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but the current leadership is mixed in its commitment to continuing ties with the rest of China.


Yunnan
Gubernatorial Junta
Capital: Kunming
Dissent: 45%
Jingoism: 25%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 0
Army: 3 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: A local clique led by Zhao Xin, Yunnan is nominally a part of the Republic of China, but the current leadership is mixed in its commitment to continuing ties with the rest of China.


Empire of Japan
Constitutional Empire: Emperor Yoshihide (Giaki 10)
Capital: Tokyo
Dissent: 59%
Jingoism: 57%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 5
Finance/Real Estate: 2
Public Services: 3
Military Industry: 5
Army: 6 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions, 4 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 3 Capital Ships, 7 Cruiser Squadrons, 23 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Veteran
Background: In 1855, a student of the changing times, canny to the ways of the Imperial Court, Prince Yasuhiro would mark the Akirabi Era (新日) by ascending the Imperial throne after much ruthless politicking. A quiet, calculating, and officious man with a fierce demeanor, he sought power over the Shogun, Yoshinabe Tokugawa, a similarly clever man. The Samurai's War would finally erupt in 1869, lasting 3 years and costing countless lives as new and deadlier weapons of war were brought to bear. Ultimately, the Emperor and his allies triumphed, and a new government was declared rejecting the Shogunate entirely. The Emperor consolidated his power within the military and the new state, and so a ruthless plan to make Japan a modern war machine had begun. Over the next few decades, imperialist ventures would see conquests of Taiwan, Okinawa, and Korea, the colonization of Hokkaido, skirmishes with Russians in Sakhalin, and corsair privateering in the South China Sea. War against China seemed a foregone conclusion, and by 1909 it was. In 1913, Prince Yoshihide Asakura would ascend the throne of the Giaki Era (義哲), and inherit his uncle's war. Unlike his uncle, Emperor Yoshihide was a loud, brash, and hale man, and committed wholeheartedly to carrying out his uncle's war. He would pay for such loyalty by military defeat in Manchuria, and with the loss of Korea. Forced to accept the humiliating Legation peace, the imperialists now lick their wounds, and the zaibatsu scramble to secure their business relations in the continent.

Forced-Labor Camps in Korea (6/10)
Fill: Japan (6/10)
Context: The Japanese government's involvement in forced-labor camps in Korea is drawing international condemnation. As human rights organizations call for a response, Japan faces increasing pressure to address the issue and hold those responsible accountable.
Escalation of Union Violence in Tokyo (5/10)
Fill: Japan (5/10)
Context: As the government continues its militarization efforts and suppresses free speech, unions in Tokyo have become increasingly violent. The tension between workers, police, and private security forces threatens to escalate further if not addressed.
Kawasaki Shipyard Strike (4/10)
Fill: Japan (4/10)
Context: Workers at the Kawasaki shipyards have gone on strike to protest poor working conditions and low wages, leading to clashes with police and further unrest.
Security Investments (8/10)
Fill: Japan (8/10)
Context: The Japanese government is investing continuously in increased security operations in ever-more desperate conditions as strikes cause profits to plunge.
Unsilenced Resistance Leaders (3/10)
Fill: Japan (3/10)
Context: Despite the government's attempts to suppress dissent, resistance leaders such as Masahiko Takagi and Kyoko Nakamura have emerged, organizing peaceful protests and advocating for change.
Freelance Police? (5/10)
Fill: Japan (5/10)
Context: Accusations of police collusion with private security forces have further strained relations between the government and the people, adding to the atmosphere of distrust and fear.
The Seibu Laws (5/10)
Fill: Japan (5/10)
Context: The Japanese government has passed new laws further restricting free speech, known as the Seibu Laws after they were used to break a protest in Seibu, limiting the ability of unions to organize and inciting more unrest among the population.
Rising Economic Inequality (4/10)
Fill: Japan (4/10)
Context: Economic inequality is growing in Japan, with working-class families struggling to afford living in cities and access the same opportunities as those born into privilege.


Legation State of Manchuria and Korea
Commissary State: French Embassy in Lüshun
Capital: Lüshun
Dissent: 60%
Jingoism: 20%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 5
Finance/Real Estate: 1
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 3
Military Industry: 5
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 3 Cruiser Squadrons, 8 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Veteran
Background: Forcibly imposed on all parties, the Legation State represents the French Empire's newest invention for settling the peace of Northeast Asia. Despite a tepid sentiment among the German soldiery most responsible for it, victory over Japan was a miracle: the Empire of Japan was forced to deliver hostages to Germany and surrender Korea in order to get back into France's good grace. (This victory, also, made the German Treaty Force some important friends in the French Imperial Legions.) The legation brought together ambassadors from China, Japan, Germany, and France, and made them responsible for administering a prosperous, new republican government to the territories. Japanese corporations, mercifully permitted to continue doing business along the lines of the new government, wasted no time moving in and now the state teeters in the balance like a man drawn and quartered between the Japanese, the French, the Manchurians, and the Koreans.

Influence Struggles in the Legation State (7/10)
Fill: France (3/10), Japan (2/10), Republic of China (1/10), Manchuria-Korea (1/10)
Context: The Legation State of Manchuria-Korea faces a delicate balance of power as France, Japan, China, and the "Japonified" civil servant class within Korea all vie for control and influence over the newly formed government.
Privately-Owned Slave Labor Camps (5/10)
Fill: Manchuria-Korea (3/10), Japan (2/10)
Context: The continued existence of Japanese-owned slave labor camps in Korea poses a major human rights issue and a source of tension between the Legation State and Japan. The international community is demanding action against these camps.
Embezzlement of Manchurian Railways (5/10)
Fill: Manchuria-Korea (5/10)
Context: The embezzlement of properties from Manchurian railways by faithless officers has caused economic instability in the region and eroded trust in the administration of the Legation State.
Cultural Tensions between Manchurians and Koreans (4/10)
Fill: Manchuria-Korea (4/10)
Context: As the Legation State tries to maintain stability, cultural tensions between Manchurians and Koreans continue to simmer beneath the surface, threatening to cause further unrest and division.
Fragile Republican Government (6/10)
Fill: Manchuria-Korea (6/10)
Context: The newly formed republican government in the Legation State is fragile, and its ability to govern effectively is hampered by the competing interests of foreign powers and internal factions.
Japanese Corporate Interests (5/10)
Fill: Manchuria-Korea (5/10)
Context: Japanese corporations, permitted to continue operations in the Legation State, have swiftly moved in to exert their influence, further complicating the balance of power and causing resentment among locals.
Potential for Conflict Escalation (4/10)
Fill: Great Qiu State (4/10)
Context: As the Legation State struggles to maintain stability amidst the competing interests of Japan, China, France, and internal factions, the potential for conflict escalation looms large, threatening the region's peace and prosperity.


Colombian Republic
Bourgeois Republic: President Ernesto Gaviria
Capital: Bogotá
Dissent: 54%
Jingoism: 27%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 4
Public Services: 0
Military Industry: 1
Army: 3 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Background: Victorious in negotiating its independence from Spain, taking full advantage of the upheavals happening elsewhere within the Empire, the Colombian Republic is tightly ruled by the business association of plantation magnates roosting in Bogotá, and enjoys a far more legal position with respect to the Western Commission than its southern neighbor (which borders it in Peru). With the war settling down and trade getting started again, new grumblings are murmuring across the country, as many people still unsatisfied by the war clearly make to look in another direction.

Racial Inequality and Tensions (6/10)
Fill: Colombian Republic (6/10)
Context: The native populations and other marginalized communities face systemic discrimination and exploitation, causing tensions and unrest in the Colombian Republic.
Corruption and Business Influence (5/10)
Fill: Colombian Republic (5/10)
Context: Plantation magnates and other business elites wield significant power and influence over the government in Bogotá, leading to corruption and undermining public trust in the government.
So I Can Get My, Dissatisfaction (7/10)
Fill: Colombian Republic (7/10)
Context: With trade resuming and the war against the Federation settling down (as far as anyone at the front is concerned, anyway), dissatisfaction with the current government is growing, as many people seek alternative political directions and question the Colombian Republic's direction.


Free Republic of South Africa
Bourgeois Republic: President H. M. Vorster
Capital: Cape Town
Dissent: 59%
Jingoism: 30%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 4
Finance/Real Estate: 4
Public Services: 0
Military Industry: 2
Army: 3 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Background: Having won its independence from the British Republican Commonwealth in 1899, the self-declared Free Republic is the project of a conservative English-Boer political alliance. Having its origins in smuggling and syndicate work, and hosting more than a fair number of fleeing aristocrats and slavers from other parts of the world, the government in Cape Town now presides over a wretched network of scum and villainy, and a state that is proving harder to herd than cats.

Rampant Criminal Activity (6/10)
Fill: Free Republic of South Africa (6/10)
Context: The government in Cape Town struggles to maintain control over a population rife with smuggling, syndicates, and other criminal activities, resulting in a chaotic and dangerous environment.
Institutionalized Discrimination (7/10)
Fill: Free Republic of South Africa (7/10)
Context: The conservative English-Boer political alliance perpetuates the cruel exploitation of and discrimination against native populations, creating social divisions and ongoing unrest in the Free Republic of South Africa.
Challenges to Government Control (5/10)
Fill: Free Republic of South Africa (5/10)
Context: The government in Cape Town faces difficulties in maintaining order and control over the disparate elements within the Free Republic, particularly as Boer businessmen bang the bars with British bourgeoisie, threatening the country's stability and the ability of the Cape Town state to govern effectively.


Republic of the Philippines
Revolutionary Committee: Socialist Revolutionary Party of the Philippines
Capital: Manila
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 18%
Reputation: Disliked
Leveraged Weight: 0 (Stagnant)
Private Enterprise: 2
Finance/Real Estate: 0
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 2
Military Industry: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Background: After a long and bloody war, the Socialist Revolutionary Party, long exiled and abused, finally achieved victory over the Spanish colonialist government in Manila and revenge for the bloodily destroyed Christian Labor Federation of the Philippines. The Liberal Nationalists having been driven to ground in the few years prior, the Revolutionary Labor Party successfully recruited those remainders to form the new Socialist Revolutionary Party. Led by a hardened core of educated revolutionaries, supported by business allies in Manila who remain ideologically committed to the Philippines national project, and tempered with a novel revolutionary practice, the party's central committee now sets about the arduous task of designing its government and seeing to its future. And although the mood in Manila is exuberant, bedecked with crimson and new pamphlets, many nations eye the rogue islands warily, all in expectation of yet another empire testing its mettle thereupon...

Land Redistribution Tensions (5/10)
Fill: Republic of the Philippines (5/10)
Context: The new Minister of Agriculture and Land Reforms, Comrade Diego Cao, faces the challenge of implementing land redistribution policies, which may lead to conflicts between landlords and peasants, as well as potential food shortages if not managed carefully.
Internationalism or Isolationism (7/10)
Fill: Republic of the Philippines (4/10), Russia (3/10)
Context: As the Socialist Revolutionary Party takes control of the Philippines, many nations view the country with suspicion and concern, leading to potential diplomatic isolation and economic challenges as the new government tries to navigate international relations.
Building a New Healthcare and Social Welfare System (4/10)
Fill: Republic of the Philippines (4/10)
Context: Comrade Xandra Alonzo, the new Minister of Health and Social Welfare, faces the enormous task of overhauling the healthcare and social welfare system, requiring significant resources and the need to overcome potential resistance from entrenched interests.
Educational Reform and Ideological Shifts (6/10)
Fill: Republic of the Philippines (6/10)
Context: Comrade Ismael Domingo, the new Minister of Education and Culture, is tasked with implementing a new education system based on socialist and communist principles, potentially leading to resistance from those with opposing ideologies and challenges in integrating this new curriculum.


Imamate of Nejd
Princely Islamic State: Abdulsaid bin Abdul Rahman al Saud
Capital: Riyadh
Dissent: 29%
Jingoism: 54%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 1
Finance/Real Estate: 2
State Enterprise: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 2 Guards Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: The second state of the Sauds, the Imamate of Nejd has negotiated the latter 19th century quite handily for itself, narrowly avoiding destruction at the hands of French, Ottoman, and British forces until, finally, the Great War gave it the breathing room it was looking for. Taking advantage of the Ottoman collapse, the ambitious Imam, Abdulsaid bin Saud, saw an opportunity to seize both Mecca and Medina, and thus it was war. Although the Western Commission has officially refused to acknowledge these claims, the lofty perch of Riyadh is already consolidating its new power in Arabia.

Expanding Influence and Territorial Ambitions (7/10)
Fill: Imamate of Nejd (7/10)
Context: Imam Abdulsaid bin Saud seeks to expand his influence and control over Mecca and Medina, potentially leading to conflict with the Western Commission and other regional powers seeking to prevent the consolidation of power in Arabia. He dreams of creating a great state of the Saud.
Balancing Regional and Global Powers (6/10)
Fill: Imamate of Nejd (6/10)
Context: The Imamate of Nejd faces the challenge of navigating its relations with powerful neighbors like the Ottoman Empire, as well as global powers such as France, Britain, and Russia, who all have interests in the region and may seek to limit the Imamate's influence and ambitions.
Internal Power Struggles (5/10)
Fill: Imamate of Nejd (5/10)
Context: The political landscape within the Imamate of Nejd is characterized by the tyrannical rule of the Saud, who have to walk the tightrope of stability and progress if they ever wish to have the great state they seek.


Emirate of Afghanistan
Islamic Emirate: Rasmullah Khan
Capital: Kabul
Dissent: 68%
Jingoism: 26%
Reputation: Disliked
Private Enterprise: 1
Finance/Real Estate: 0
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions, 3 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: The Barakzai dynasty has ruled this nation since 1818, when it successfully defeated the Hotak dynasty and established the Emirate of Afghanistan. Ever pulled to and fro by the Great Games of Russia and Britain, the Emirate has striven to secure its independence between them, and in 1899 finally achieved independence from Russia after the Russo-Afghani War ended in Afghani victory. Although it was a short-lived victory, for Britain would invade the country again in 1909 with the declaration of the Great War, ultimately the Emirate went to ground and was not destroyed. The brutal three-way campaign known as the Afghan Theater would ultimately herald the death knell of the Russian Empire, and although the British were repulsed, the Emirate has political rivals aplenty to contend with.

Post-War Recovery and Political Rivalries (6/10)
Fill: Emirate of Afghanistan (6/10)
Context: Following the brutal Afghan Theater during the Great War, the Emirate faces the daunting task of rebuilding and navigating a complex web of political rivalries, both internal and external, as it seeks to maintain its independence.
British Influence and Encroachment (7/10)
Fill: Emirate of Afghanistan (7/10)
Context: The Emirate must contend with the ever-present threat of British influence and potential encroachment, as the British Empire seeks to expand its power in the region and potentially undermine the sovereignty of the Emirate.
Religious Tensions (8/10)
Fill: Emirate of Afghanistan (8/10)
Context: The spread of colonizer Christianity and the generally rising religious tensions in the British and French domains of India poses a significant challenge to the Muslim Emirs, who struggle to keep the nation together amidst such upheavals.


Sublime State of Iran
Regency Committee: Qajar Dynasty
Capital: Tehran
Dissent: 70%
Jingoism: 20%
Reputation: Neutral
Private Enterprise: 5
Finance/Real Estate: 1
Public Services: 1
Military Industry: 1
Army: 6 Guards Divisions, 7 Infantry Divisions, 4 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: Ruled by the Qajar dynasty, the Sublime State of Iran is in a state of dire emergency, as the sudden death of the Shah means that a regency rules in the name of a little baby, Mohammad Shah Qajar, in a time when the government is considered by all to absolutely need a ruler. Ten long years away from the king's age of majority, now vultures circle the government of all Russian, British, and French stripes - and still some vultures are yet close to home.

Regency Struggles and Foreign Interference (9/10)
Fill: Sublime State of Iran (9/10)
Context: The young Mohammad Shah Qajar's regency government must navigate a perilous political landscape, as foreign powers like Russia, Britain, and France seek to exploit the current power vacuum and internal factions vie for influence.
Maintaining the Unity of a Fragmented Nation (7/10)
Fill: Sublime State of Iran (7/10)
Context: The Sublime State of Iran faces the challenge of maintaining unity among its diverse population, while contending with selfish nobles and cunning merchants who may prioritize their own interests over the nation's welfare.
Shia Sovereignty (5/10)
Fill: Sublime State of Iran (5/10)
Context: The Sublime State of Iran must balance its efforts to maintain good relations with global powers while also resisting the spread of ruthlessly violent Christianity and safeguarding the welfare of the Shia faith.


Spoiler Stats, 1919 :
L'Empire Français: Lord of Elves
Imperial Republican State: National Liberal President, Travailleur Consul
Capital: Île-de-France
Dissent: 40%
Jingoism: 17%
Reputation: Admired
Leveraged Weight: 27 (Overheated)
Industrial Capacity: 45 (+15)
Military Industry: 12 (+3)
Public Services: 8 (-3)
Private Enterprise: 25 (+12)
Army: 20 Guards Divisions, 33 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions, 5 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 28 Capital Ships, 30 Cruiser Groups, 50 Destroyer Groups, 10 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Air: 18 Biplane Squadrons, 7 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The legacy of Napoleon was a century of turbulent rule over an unruly world. Careful maneuvering (and good fortune) carried Napoleon Bonaparte's revolutionary French Empire to the very center of the European political order, and the shockwaves were tremendous. The Italian revolution, and the revolutions of the 1840's, would formalize a very fundamental transition that had occurred in the heart of European politics. Within France, an innovative new political system emerged from the loamy soil of the Napoleonic empire. The Emperor's power was inevitably split into other offices and institutions, chief among them the Emperor-appointed President (the executive head of government), the popularly-elected Consul (with certain powers of its own), and, of course, the Congress. For decades, a dynamic has ruled this government constituting of the tug-of-war between the National Liberal Party, which enjoy a strong base of support among Parisian elites and other members of the so-called "centralist" school of politics, and the Federalist Party, which attempts to patch together an opposition out of everything that Paris is not. Since the war, however, the political terrain is in upheaval, with a large diversity of socialist and labor parties gunning for coalition control of the Congress. Standing on procedure, the Emperor and the President have managed to isolate the socialists, which remain splintered by the war, but are yet buttressed by the recent election of a socialist Consul, member of the all-nation Socialist Travailleurs' Union; and meanwhile, the shrinking Federalists seek to align a new coalition and redefine themselves.

The British Republican Commonwealth: Kyzarc Fotjage
Federative Republican Empire: Union of Federation Labour Parties (elected in 1918)
Capital: London
Dissent: 50%
Jingoism: 40%
Reputation: Respected
Leveraged Weight: 10 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 38 (+12)
Military Industry: 10 (+2)
Public Services: 10 (-3)
Private Enterprise: 17 (+10)
State Enterprise: 1 (Coal)
Army: 16 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions, 4 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Carrier, 15 Capital Ships, 29 Cruiser Groups, 78 Destroyer Groups, 29 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Elite
Air: 22 Biplane Squadrons, 2 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: Sorely shamed in the Revolutionary Wars of the early 19th century, aristocratic and anti-Napoleon politicians had a lot of explaining to do in the following decades. So it was that by 1844, London was spared none of the flaming indignation that came to the rest of the continent. Great Britain was swept by a combined movement of workers, petty bourgeoisie, and nouveau riche industrialists who sensed the weakness of the young Queen Alexandria and her allies. The Charter Committee, organized from this movement, would ultimately vote to expel the British royals to the continent, where they would wander before finally settling, ignominiously, in Paris. So it was that they chartered a new republic, very much in the spirit of the times: the British Republic, which would come to be replaced in 1877 in the Federation Acts, reestablishing the British Empire as the new British Republican Commonwealth (a stroke of political genius, even if it came some 40 years after a similar innovation was presented in Italy). The new Commonwealth had a great empire of resources to exploit, and despite a tempestuous, up-and-down relationship with the rest of the world, have successfully consolidated a new system which now stands victorious at the end of the Great War (though it eyes independent South Africa ruefully, and contends with a seemingly impossible task in averting a vote for independence by the confederate Irish Republic).

Spanish Republic
Constitutional Republic: Confederation for the Autonomous Right (elected in 1918)
Capital: Madrid
Dissent: 55%
Jingoism: 25%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 10 (Overheated)
Industrial Capacity: 17 (+7)
Military Industry: 7 (+3)
Public Services: 3 (-2)
Private Enterprise: 7 (+4)
Army: 10 Guards Divisions, 12 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 8 Capital Ships, 11 Cruiser Groups, 15 Destroyer Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 6 Biplane Squadrons
Air Quality: Regular
Background: The Spanish Empire was already bubbling up by the time of the Great War, but everything boiled over by the end. The Republic was formed following approval of a constitution after a popular uprising in response to the war, which in particular took the east lands. In compromise, the new Republic settled in Madrid, where they barely feel the distant, jealous gaze of the military colonial administrations - in whose perspective their thankless and mostly unsuccessful efforts to quell colonial rebellion has been rewarded with vice and decadence at home. The third core member of the Western Commission.

Portuguese Republic
Constitutional Republic: Liberal Party (elected in 1918)
Capital: Lisboa
Dissent: 55%
Jingoism: 15%
Reputation: Liked
Leveraged Weight: 3 (Active)
Industrial Capacity: 13 (+8)
Military Industry: 5 (+2)
Public Services: 2 (-2)
Private Enterprise: 7 (+6)
Army: 8 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 6 Capital Ships, 7 Cruiser Groups, 12 Destroyer Groups, 15 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 4 Biplane Squadrons
Air Quality: Regular
Background: The Portuguese Republic formed after a revolution in 1908, and has had elections every four years since. The delicate dance of ruling the empire and satisfying the needs of the reformists has hindered the republic with interminable political gridlock and government dissolutions. The current government of the Liberal Party has maintained some semblance of stability so far, but anarchist rebellions and colonial insurgencies throughout the empire and particularly the jewel territory of Brazil continue to plague it. An observing member of the Western Commission.

Dutch Republic
Constitutional Congressional Republic: Dutch Socialist Workers' Party (elected in 1918)
Capital: Amsterdam
Dissent: 43%
Jingoism: 16%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 4 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 12 (+12)
Military Industry: 2 (+3)
Public Services: 4 (-2)
Private Enterprise: 6 (+9)
Army: 8 Guards Divisions, 6 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 7 Capital Ships, 12 Cruiser Groups, 21 Destroyer Groups, 11 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: The Dutch Republic formed amidst the collapse of the Batavian Republic in 1889, and has since been governed alternatively by the nationalist Dutch People's Party and the pro-west Constitutionalist Party. In a recent upset, the country has come to be governed by the Dutch Socialist Workers' Party - which now must decide where its loyalty lies. An observing member of the Western Commission.

United German Republics: gay_Aleks
Constitutional Federal Republic: German Federalist Alliance (elections indefinitely suspended)
Capital: Cologne
Dissent: 71%
Jingoism: 58%
Reputation: Hated
Leveraged Weight: 8 (Stressed)
Industrial Capacity: 13
Military Industry: 5
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 7
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 20 Infantry Divisions, 2 Armored Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Capital Ships, 2 Cruiser Groups, 5 Destroyer Groups, 5 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 7 Biplane Squadrons, 6 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The United Republics of Germany was formed at the turn of the century, after yet another provincial rebellion occurred in the same year the Kingdom of Austria sought to dismantle what remained of the German Union (itself formed from the ashes of the ill-begotten Republic of the Rhine). This time, the rebellion caught a wave of popular dissent and opportunism that allowed a self-establishing German Congress to declare their union of republics. The tempestuous next decade led to the Great War, and ultimately the leadership of Germany was destroyed or scattered so that all that remained were the contemptuous Treaty Force, which signed peace with the Western Commission. Germany is now descending into chaos, and the newly-formed German Federalist Alliance must unite the country once more or perish.

Bavarian Independent Republic
Base City: Munich
Reputation: Upstart
Legitimacy: 55%
Base IC: 2
Army: 8 Militia Divisions, 3 Revolutionary Divisions, 4 Mercenary Divisions
Navy: 1 Barque
Objective: Create a legitimate, independent Bavarian nation and banish Cologne's authority.

Prussian Social Revival Movement
Base City: Szczecin
Reputation: Indifferent
Legitimacy: 20%
Base IC: 1
Army: 6 Revolutionary Divisions
Navy: 2 Barques
Objective: Liberate the nation of Prussia from Germany and Poland.

Anational Free Trades Association
Base City: Stuttgart
Reputation: Indifferent
Legitimacy: 30%
Base IC: 0
Army: 9 Militia Divisions, 1 Revolutionary Division
Objective: No gods, no masters, only free people.

Italian Empire: NinjaCow64
Federative Congressional Republic: Emperor-Regent Luigi Umberto
Capital: Rome
Dissent: 61%
Jingoism: 50%
Reputation: Feared
Leveraged Weight: 10 (Overheated)
Industrial Capacity: 25
Military Industry: 4
Public Services: 4 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 17
Army: 10 Guards Divisions, 10 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 1 Capital Ships, 2 Cruiser Groups, 7 Destroyer Groups, 4 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Air: 3 Biplane Squadrons, 2 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Elite
Background: The Empire of Italy formed out of a successful peninsula-wide rebellion against the French Empire in 1839, which eventually led to the continent-spanning rebellions and revolutions of 1844. Although many of those ultimately were defeated, the Italian rebellion triumphed over all comers and became the very symbol of meritocracy. This irresistible vision of the new Italy brought both the nobles and capitalists in line, and seemingly came to an end with Great War, when Rome was occupied and the government, scattered. Although a provisional government made peace with the west, it too was overthrown by revolution from within and the imperial system was reestablished. The newly-elected National Front now promises to ensure peace with the west, but it will have to submit to very unpopular reparations and further demilitarization to truly satisfy Paris (and to send the large French garrisons in Lombardy home).

Czech Republic
Constitutional Republic: German Federalist Alliance (elections indefinitely suspended)
Capital: Praha
Dissent: 15%
Jingoism: 30%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 2 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 8
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 5
Army: 12 Guards Divisions, 3 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular

United Kingdom of Denmark-Norway and Sweden
Parliamentary Monarchy: King Christian X
Capital: Copenhagen
Dissent: 42%
Jingoism: 32%
Reputation: Liked
Leveraged Weight: 1 (Active)
Industrial Capacity: 7
Military Industry: 1
Public Services: 2 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 4
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 1 Cruiser Squadron, 10 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Regular
Background: The successful nomination of a Danish prince to a Swedish throne, a small population, a century of spinning the wheels in quiet cooperation with the dominant tides of North Sea trade, and fear of the Russian juggernaut and the example of Finland, are all hall marks of this Scandinavian union, which rides the line between Danish pride and Scandinavian nationhood.

Polish Republic: Caesar of Bread
Military Republic: Warsaw Junta
Capital: Warsaw
Dissent: 41%
Jingoism: 55%
Reputation: Disliked
Leveraged Weight: 1 (Active)
Industrial Capacity: 15 (+3)
Military Industry: 4 (+3)
Public Services: 4 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 5
State Enterprise: 2
Army: 24 Guards Divisions, 10 Infantry Divisions, 6 Cavalry Divisions, 1 Armored Division
Army Quality: Elite
Navy: 3 Destroyer Groups
Navy Quality: Regular
Air: 7 Biplane Squadrons, 5 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: At first no more than a political project propped up by Napoleon, the Republic of Poland came into its own in the 20th century, fully capitalizing on the gains made half a century prior. The current republic is industrializing quickly and well-armed, having been a core site of the Great War's battles. Despite its victories, it is politically divided, as the ruling junta have long swept any pretense of democracy aside, and the opposition liberals are trying and failing to keep the ever-increasing masses of unemployed anarchists at bay.

Kingdom of Austria
Constitutional Monarchy: Queen Josephina von Habsburg
Capital: Vienna
Dissent: 47%
Jingoism: 42%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 2 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 7
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 2 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 3
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 4 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Air: 2 Biplane Squadrons, 1 Dirigible Divisions
Air Quality: Veteran
Background: The Kingdom of Austria has limped along as such ever since it emerged from the populist revolutions of 1844, unbroken by the mob, except for Hungary and the rest of the Empire, which were lost. The Holy Roman Empire a long-distant memory, the ambition of the Habsburgs remains yet undiminished. The Kingdom of Austria represents a reformist project to build a new identity for Germany: as a sister nation to Austria, which must learn from her big sister. This led to the Founding War of the United Republics, which ended when Italy occupied Austrian territory and forced a settlement to the issue. Austria did not participate in the Great War, but Austrian warhawks seek to take advantage of Germany's present weakness.

Hungarian Republic: Plains-Cow
Revolutionary Republic: "The Middle Rebellion"
Capital: Budapest
Dissent: 64%
Jingoism: 60%
Reputation: Disliked
Leveraged Weight: 1 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 4
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 1
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: In 1844, the Italian revolution finally spread to the Danube. Austria was besieged on all fronts and no aid would come from France, Russia, or the Ottoman. Hungarian nobles and commoners alike took to the streets of Budapest and unfurled the greens, whites, and reds of the popular revolution. In a matter of months, the Austrian authority had all but evaporated in Hungary, and it would be border war with Poland and, later, Russia that would force the Hungarian Republic to create itself. A multi-national federation of a style with Italy's was built in Hungary, but alas the Hungarian nationalist project struggled with the problems of Transylvania and Croatia. By the time of the Great War, Hungary had joined the Eastern Alliance with Germany, Italy, and Russia, and would be mercilessly divided by both revolution and peace terms in the coming years.

United Romanian Republics
Federative Congressional Republic: Liberal-Republican Party (elected in 1919)
Capital: Bucharest
Dissent: 46%
Jingoism: 52%
Reputation: Liked
Leveraged Weight: 0 (Stagnant)
Industrial Capacity: 9
Military Industry: 3
Public Services: 3 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 3
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions, 2 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 2 Destroyer Squadrons
Navy Quality: Green
Air: 1 Biplane Squadron
Air Quality: Green
Background: If Hungary was the big loser of the Great War, Romania was the big winner. A successful revolution started in Transylvania by revolutionaries from Bucharest had galvanized the rump Russophilic state of Wallachia and would later successfully seize all of Moldavia, taking advantage in a time when other nations were crumbling (as, indeed, the then-nascent Ukrainian Republic had no interest in quashing Romania at that time, or could not act on it if they did). As a union of republics, modeled in the Italian populist revolutionary style, the United Romanian Republics is a very young nation born of war and revolution, and the political debates in Bucharest grow ever more grim between the influential and young urban revolutionary class and their bankrolling, nationalist landlords.

Bulgarian People's Republic
Revolutionary Republic: Bulgarian Revolutionary Nationalist Party
Capital: Sofia
Dissent: 59%
Jingoism: 38%
Reputation: Hated
Leveraged Weight: 0 (Stagnant)
Industrial Capacity: 5
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 2
Army: 2 Guards Divisions, 8 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Background: The Bulgarian nationalist movement was the key driving force of the Bulgarian revolution for decades before the Great War, when amidst the collapse of the Ottoman Empire it saw chaos like the rest. Traction would not come until 1913 (roundly considered the death knell of the Ottoman state), when the left coalition of the active revolutionary nationalist party finally achieved the upper hand and expelled certain unpopular aristocrats. After many years of war, the Bulgarian People's Republic was announced by the victorious Nationalist Party. Despite their success, the ruling faction is unpopular for their socialist ways, and once elections are held the mood is certain that the Center will abandon them. With pressure to hold elections mounting, the young republic must ponder what it shall do.

Yugoslavian Republic
Provisional Commissary State: Alliance for National Unity
Capital: Belgrade
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 29%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 3 (Overheated)
Industrial Capacity: 9
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 0 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 7
Army: 5 Guards Divisions, 2 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: Formed by treaty and force by the end of the Great War, the Yugoslavian Republic represents the Western Commission's solution to the issues of Serbian and Croat nationalism, playing up the hatred of both parties against the Italians and the Hungarians which had divided the region for the previous half-century. Based in the ideal of South Slav unity, the Western Commission intends this republic to develop into a new independent nation for "the Yugoslavian people," and sets now on the hard work of fitting those people into this government.

Greece
Military Junta: Athens Commission
Capital: Athens
Dissent: 56%
Jingoism: 65%
Reputation: Liked
Leveraged Weight: 1 (Heated)
Industrial Capacity: 5
Military Industry: 2
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 2
Army: 4 Guards Divisions, 14 Infantry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Background: An ever-recurring thorn in the paws of all powers, Greece in the 19th century was a story of imperial misadventure and great power politicking. By century's end, all had lost control of the situation with the Greek-Ottoman War. The resolution to thus was short-lived as during the Great War, Greece had aligned with the Eastern Alliance, and attacked the Western Commission's Ottoman ally alongside Russia. The Greek government that fought this war would ultimately be destroyed. However, with the Ottomans now in collapse and Anatolia reunited by the forces of the Turkish revolution, France and Britain have scrambled to establish a new solution to the Greek problem and settled on the Athens Commission: much like the pre-war government, in fact containing many of the same people, but now charged with fighting Turkey rather than punished for doing so. Needless to say, the Greeks are more than a little cynical about this arrangement, with the newspapers daily urging the government to "take what it can in Thrace and ditch the West at the first opportunity."

Turkish Revolutionary Republic
Revolutionary Committee: Turkish Nationalist & Socialist People's Movement
Capital: Ankara
Dissent: 33%
Jingoism: 31%
Reputation: Disliked
Leveraged Weight: 0 (Stagnant)
Industrial Capacity: 15
Military Industry: 5
Public Services: 1 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 9
Army: 6 Guards Divisions, 16 Infantry Divisions, 5 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Regular
Navy: 3 Capital Ships, 9 Cruiser Squadrons, 12 Destroyer Squadrons, 4 Submarine Squadrons
Navy Quality: Veteran
Background: Unrecognized by the Western Commission or any other state, the Turkish Revolutionary Republic is a very young state which exists amidst the collapse of the Ottoman empire and the desperate, failing efforts of the Western Commission to prop it up. Based in Ankara, the Turkish revolutionary movement formed from deserting officers and bureaucrats who realized that the increasingly-militarized and French-and-British-flag-having Constantinople was no longer a place for Ottoman officers to engage in politics on its own terms. The legally murky Battle of Constantinople saw the revolutionaries take the city from the Western Commission, but it is known the fighting was not intense. The movement seeks now to define Turkey and express a revolutionary path towards modernity, shorn of the baggage and weakness of the Ottoman state, and not yielding an inch of soil in Thrace.

Russian Soviet Republic: J.K. Stockholme
Soviet Republic: Social Democratic Workers' Party of Russia (elected in 1917)
Capital: Soyuzgrad
Dissent: 19%
Jingoism: 20%
Reputation: Hated
Leveraged Weight: 1 (Active)
Industrial Capacity: 18
Military Industry: 5
Public Services: 4 (-1)
Private Enterprise: 5
State Enterprise: 2
Army: 10 Guards Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 3 Cavalry Divisions
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Capital Ships, 4 Destroyer Groups, 3 Submarine Groups
Navy Quality: Veteran
Background: The Russian Empire cast its lot in with Napoleon once it signed the Treaty of Tilsit, and the successful Thracian Expedition would force Ottoman hands in its war against Russia. The theme of the remaining century, however, was one of hostility and alienation. The Russian Empire would become symbolic of the "forces of reaction," as they were often known in the west, and presumptive alliances with conservative German, Austrian, and Hungarian factions became the norm. Internally, political divisions only became sharper, and industrialization was a slow and grueling process. In the end, it was the bloody theaters of Poland and Romania that would break the resolve of the Tsar, and lead the way to revolution in 1916. The provisional government elected to St. Petersburg that same year would vote in 1917 to form the Soviet Republic of Russia (a highly-contested vote, as many ministers "associated with the Tsar regime" were locked out of the government chambers) and vow to end the war. The Western Commission has not recognized the Soviet government, and expects reparations to be paid from Russia once the mob has been cleared out of the temporarily-renamed St. Petersburg.

Ataman Ukraine
Military Dictatorship: Voyevoda Ruslana Yevtushenko
Capital: Kiev
Dissent: 62%
Jingoism: 34%
Reputation: Neutral
Leveraged Weight: 0 (Stagnant)
Industrial Capacity: 7
Military Industry: 3
Public Services: 0
Private Enterprise: 4
Army: 5 Guards Divisions, 5 Infantry Divisions, 1 Cavalry Division
Army Quality: Veteran
Navy: 1 Capital Ship, 2 Destroyer Groups, 1 Submarine Group
Navy Quality: Mutinous
Background: Having seized power from the civilian government in Kiev, Voyevoda Ruslana Yevtushenko endeavors to ruthlessly complete the unification of Ukraine at all costs.

Ukraineshchina Soviet Combine: cardgame
Base City: Sevastopol
Reputation: Upstart
Legitimacy: 30%
Base IC: 1
Army: 3 Militia Divisions, 8 Revolutionary Divisions
Navy: 2 Barques
Objective: Overthrow the government and form a new socialist society.


MAP

JASONRESTORED_oceans.png
 
Last edited:
At Least-Once-Asked Questions:
Anonymous question-asker said:
so I'm confused on how spending works. let's say I want to "improve agriculture". In my orders do I write down a line that says "improve agriculture" and then assign various capacities to that, so for example I might write "improve agriculture, spend 4 Private Enterprises and 1 State Enterprise"?

Answer:

Yes, you've got the right idea! When you want to spend resources on a specific project, such as "improve agriculture," you will specify the action and the allocation of resources in your orders. For example, you might write: "improve agriculture, spend 4 Private Enterprises and 1 State Enterprise."

If this was part of your orders for 1921, I would process these orders and report on the results in the update for 1921 for that turn. I will determine the results based on your allocations and any relevant modifiers, such as Crisis Clocks or other factors that might influence the outcome, and by applying the Resolution Mechanics described in the Rules. Remember to consider the balance between the different sectors (Private Enterprise, State Enterprise, etc.) when allocating resources, as each sector has its own strengths and limitations.

Keep in mind that I might ask for more details or clarifications about your intentions, as the specifics of your plan may impact the outcome. For instance, you may need to specify which aspect of agriculture you're focusing on (e.g., crop yield, technology, or distribution) or which region of your nation will be targeted for improvements. The more detailed your orders, the better I can tailor the results to your intentions and the game's narrative.

In addition to specifying the resources you wish to allocate, you may also want to consider the timeline for the project. Some improvements may require a longer-term commitment of resources, while others can be completed within a single turn. It's essential to communicate your expectations, as I will take these factors into account when determining the project's success and impact on your nation. Once your orders have been executed, I can give feedback on the effectiveness of your decisions, including any consequences or benefits that have arisen from your actions.

It's essential to be clear and specific about your intentions, the resources you're allocating, and any other relevant details that can help me understand and process your orders. By doing so, you can ensure that your nation's goals are effectively pursued and that your decisions have a meaningful impact on the game's narrative and progress.

Legacy Rules:

Spoiler Legacy :


Economy

Industrial Capacity / Base IC


The Base IC is NOT the IC you spend each turn. This is the total combined IC your nation produces or imports through exploitation and favorable exchange, and is a collection of the production and development of military assets, the spending put into welfare and other public projects, and the amount of industry and economic activity in general controlled by private enterprises such as corporations and wealthy individuals. IC cannot be banked or saved over time, and all must be spent on the turn it is earned or else you will lose it. Once again I'd like to repeat that Base IC is NOT the IC you spend each turn.

Shifting IC Emphasis and Spending IC

Shifting IC


Your Base IC determines the total amount of IC per turn you gain, and from that the IC is divided into different aspects of your economy. For each category, you can shift 1 point to any other category once per turn. Beware, however, the consequences that a shift will have upon your people and your dissent rating. For example, Ethiopia has 1 IC per turn in all three of the different sections, the first part of which gives them the industry and resources to sustain a modern military, the second part of which creates a sturdy government with a steady flow of magistrates, and a third part of the economy is produced as a result of private domestic commercial activity. However, ruining this peace, the Italian Empire determines to annex the other nation. In order to mobilize for a war, Ethiopia shifts IC from Public Spending and Private Enterprise in order to triple its production of military equipment in the fight against Italy. Even though Ethiopia now has 0 Private and Public IC, a rudimentary amount of both still exist within the nation, but not enough to produce any political activity with. The longer an imbalanced circumstance like this persists, the worse the circumstances of the Ethiopian state's control will become.

In most nations, the ruling class will prefer to have as much private enterprise as possible. This is because they can generally do whatever they like with private enterprise, and usually you have no reason to stop them - unless they're foreigners, trying to crowbar away your resources.

We may stereotype the imbalanced edge cases like so:

Max Military Industry: A nation wholeheartedly committed to fighting a protracted people's war.
Max Public Services: The utopian ideal for those who seek to provide the material needs of all society.
Max Private Enterprise: The preferred circumstance for landowners, bourgeoisie, and syndicalists.
Max State Enterprise: A nation organized and run by a pitiless executive bureaucracy, like a corporation.

"Is Balanced just equally distributing IC to the three main categories?"

Yes, for the most part; but you may wish to seek additional advantages. Evenly splitting your IC is just a strategy to ensure you can handle whatever you need to, but if you really want to multiply your advantages, you should attempt to take advantage of the following dynamics:

Capitalist
nations should always ensure their Private Enterprise is not less than either of the other two categories. Capitalist nations with colonial empires should ensure their Private Enterprise is greater than or equal to their Military Industry, and should regularly train new Guards Divisions for security.

Socialist nations, or nations that seek some degree of separation for their economies from the global or western ones, should do the following: Always ensure their Public Services budget is equal to or greater than the combination of their Private and State Enterprise. Ensure Private Enterprise is less than State Enterprise. Ensure State Enterprise be greater than Military Industry. Do these things, and you will be on your way to autarky - and maybe even liberation.

Spending IC

Military IC can be spent on military units. Public Service IC can be spent on Special Projects. Private IC you must leave to its own devices, but can attempt to influence through political means. State IC is beholden to certain economic roles defined as necessary by your state planners.

You do not spend capital, or money, like you do in most games; instead you allocate financial resources per the Leveraged Weight stat, explained summarily.

Leveraged Weight

Leveraged Weight measures leveraged assets and financial markets in the same way that industrial capacity measures industrial output. This is some number between 0 and your total industrial capacity. The closer this index is to your industrial capacity, the more of your economy's real assets are leveraged within the financial markets, thanks to the amazing sophistication of modern finances. You cannot control leverage directly, but you can influence the direction in which it grows. A higher leverage will "grease the wheels" of the economy, and may lead to inflation, if it doesn't crash entirely (which top economists think is impossible); a lower leverage indicates a lower capital flow and smaller investment pool.

Leverage will rise as a result of:
  • Increased imports from the global markets, particularly global financial markets
  • Lowering import tariffs or raising export tariffs
  • Lowering income or dividends taxes*
  • Raising consumption taxes*
  • Taking out loans
  • Printing government bank notes or issuing more currency
  • Lowering interest rates on government loans

Leverage will fall as a result of:
  • Increased exports to the global markets, particularly global financial markets
  • Raising import tariffs or lowering export tariffs
  • Raising income or dividends taxes*
  • Lowering consumption taxes*
  • Enjoying improved profits from your investments
  • "Eating" or paying off debt
  • Raising interest rates on government loans (far more effective for Great Powers)

*Note that even as taxation can influence your leverage, taxation is not the same thing as monetary policy and is not the best tool of financial engineering. Consider using tariffs or trade policy instead, or if you are one of the greatest powers, consider monetary policy.
You should structure it like so:

State Enterprise Orders:
We are engaging in three (3) discrete projects this turn, which will require the commitment of 3 unreserved Public Services spending. We have, with 4 Public Services and (-1) upkeep, 3 to spend. Since these are state enterprise projects, I MUST commit 1 Public Services; if they were private enterprise projects, I would not have to do that, but the effectiveness of my activity is likely to be mitigated.

1. Agricultural development program. We should seek to introduce new modern farming techniques and farm equipment and reform the distribution of land.

2. Industrial development program. We should seek to expand our steel plant and coal facilities and increase the production of pig iron, and various aggregates.

3. Infrastructural development program. We will create a market for our pig iron and aggregate industries by commissioning a new public service branch to oversee the building of state-owned railroads.

With no special public services effort, attempt to continue disenfranchising the samurai. Offer promotions to some samurai in the bureaucracy in order to win their loyalty. With this justification, attempt to move 1 military industry to public services.

Spending Plan:
Move 1 Private Enterprise to State Enterprise, along the lines of nationalization and modernization for our industrial development programs. The people have to contribute to the empire.
Move 1 Military Industry to Public Services, along the lines of modernization and dismantling the samurai.

Next Year Plan:
Plan to move 1 Private Enterprise to State Enterprise, anticipating the need for continuing infrastructure development.

Miscellaneous:

With whatever government effort capability remains to us, print and issue propaganda flyers in our cities extolling the virtues of the monarch and particularly his representation of the nation.


.. Since you're working with state enterprise, you can comfortably assume you'll need MORE in order to "add" any activity, if that makes sense, no matter what. The substance of the activity so far is determined by context. Private Enterprise is self-generating and doesn't need management, of course, and you can't really control it via spending in this way. So, since you plan to build more, rule of thumb is 1 IC per marquee item that you want to add. Additionally, since you can only move 1 IC out of a category per turn, you will need to plan.

.. For reapportionment, assume that all you will have to do is pay 1 extra Public Services in order to shift 1 State Enterprise around, keeping in mind you always need to have at least equal Public Services and State Enterprise. There's no need to get into additional detail most of the time. Assume that 1 IC can handle a pillar of economy by itself. This is a one-time cost.






Join the chat room on the Official IOT Server: the only Server OFFICIALLY supported by Major League IOT
 
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Year 0
1918 AD

“A calm wind blew off the harbor, while every eye remained fixed on the behemoths still moored in the shadow of Civitavecchia, and the blue-white-red tricolors, distant and wavering. Even though the air was cool and pleasant, the smell of gunpowder and sulfur finally grown faint, and the sky nicely overcast without a hint of red or orange, there was still an anxious mood as every soldier that was garrisoned here the night before was now in plainclothes, and went as a civilian.”​
Sebastien Baillard
Journalist for Les Troillaumes, an American-owned French periodical based in Rome with editions in French, English, and Italian.​

COMMISSION FORCES OCCUPY CIVITAVECCHIA, MARCH ON ROME
Rome, Italy
It seems that the Great War will finally come to an end, as the Italian government has completely dissolved in the wake of the so-called Spring offensive earlier this year. A two-pronged attack, the naval offensive both sought to bombard and seize the ports at Civitavecchia and Syracuse, and after the initial bombardments, the landing operations were met with almost no resistance (despite some reports of car bombs in Syracuse, which have caused no fatalities). With the French army’s continuing occupation of the Lombard states, the Italian government fleeing Rome and failing to recapitulate anywhere else, several ministers “going missing” only for reports of their whereabouts to turn up later in Illyria and Hungary, and now Rome also occupied by the commission forces, with the Emperor missing no less, the city government seemed to have no choice but to nominate a new plenipotentiary to receive the Commission demands.

update0-italy.jpeg

Italian soldiers tally losses in front of bombed church.

NEW ITALIAN IMPERIAL CONGRESS FORMED IN VENEZIA
Venice, Italy
Despite the situation in Rome, most political parties and federations bothering to recapitulate at all are doing so in Venice, where no formal extant government has been observed and, instead, a Congress has been created gathering those representatives. With significant political fragmentation now occurring across Italy, it is dubious whether this Congress has any legitimate representative authority, although its first (and thus far, only) official act has been to reinstitute the constitution of the Italian Empire. Now the Congress seeks to hold popular elections for a new Emperor, but may find that difficult to manage without access to the official machinery of the state in Rome. With the entire remnant of the Italian navy now squatting in the Adriatic, Venice is perhaps the last place in Italy truly safe from the west.

SOCIALIST “CONSUL OF THE PEOPLE” ELECTED IN FRANCE, DENOUNCED BY PRESIDENT
Île-de-France, France
Despite the recent successes of the imperial military, the home front remained entranced in the “anti-war mood” which has rocked it for three years now. The latest in a series of political battles which have characterized the Parisian scene, as “chevaliers” have taken to the streets to battle socialist, anarchist, and anti-war agitators alike. Finally, these forces had the wind put in their sails by the Socialist Travailleurs’ Union, whose candidate for the Consulship, a steelworkers’ union boss name of Maxime Reynard Gerard, won a smashing victory for the anti-war movement in the general elections. Promising to “end doomed adventurism” and “force the bosses to take account,” he has already been denounced by the President, who has taken the preposterously rare step of attempting to censure the Consul (mostly ceremonial) before a session of the Congress had even occurred. Addressing the elections, an Imperial spokesperson said: “Despite the outcome, the Emperor maintains his firm faith and trust in the institutions and people of the Empire to pull through in the name of unity and the Revolution.”

update0-revolution.jpg

S.T.U. candidate addresses union local.

WASHINGTON JOINS WESTERN COMMISSION, DECLARES WAR ON MEXICO
Washington D.C.
News from North America! Apparently, the good boys in Washington couldn’t settle their differences with ol’ Pablo Garcia, so it’s war. Well, for readers in North America, war bonds are surely available at any American post office, and for Europeans who want to get in on the action, U.S. postage stamps are beloved of philologists across Europe, and those proceeds are sure to find their way to the front one way or another! Happy hunting!

GERMAN INFIGHTING WORSENS, “MUTINOUS” ARMY TO MAKE HOMECOMING
Cologne, United German Republics
With Bavaria and Czechia all but independent on their own terms, Brandenburg and Prussia the site of regular terrorist attacks, and the workers’ councils of Stuttgart totally deaf to the strictures of the federalist government, it seems as though the stability of the United German Republics is hanging by a thread. Most local experts believe that Czechia will be fully independent within a year, and legally at that, and Bavaria will be soon to follow (both local governments, for the time being, committed to a legal extraction even as they refuse to foot the bill for the Western Commission’s reparations). To make matters worse, although the current attitude of the civilian federal government is one of acquiescence, and belief that they will triumph in the legal battles, it is well-known that the leading officers of that which remains of the Republican Revolutionary Army, who fought in Manchuria as part of the Commission Treaty Force, are of the vocally-expressed belief that the current civilian government be replaced and the rebellious provinces crushed by force - without any regard for legality. With they and their army’s return scheduled for the coming January, it is unknown what plan, if any, the government has for managing this possible mutiny.

POLAND AND THE WENDS: A CENTRAL EUROPEAN QUESTION
Zaolzie, Poland
In the wake of the Great War, where perhaps none suffered worse than the people of Central and Eastern Europe, a terrible question has haunted Central Europe with an especially insidious vigor: that terrible question known as Russianism. This was the question whose answer, perhaps, was the United German Republics: simultaneously affecting the spirit of the west, while concealing a mask of true Russian character. It was indeed this Russian character that bound the German Republics with the autocratic Russian Tsar, and in a situation where Poland stood alone as the one unambiguously Christian nation, the one unadulteratedly Christian nation, Pagan indignations surrounded the camp palisades with legion. Much is said of German Christendom, of course, but others would say there is a difference between “German” “Christendom” and Bavarian Catholicism. At the end of the day, which part of Europe is really "Central" and not Eastern? In any case, they would certainly say there is a difference between Germany’s illegal occupation of Bohemia, and Poland’s righteous annexation of Zaolzie: by all accounts, a Wendish territory, of Wendish heritage, and belonging to a Wendish union of nations which stretches to Old Eesti. Remember this the next time you read an irresponsible tabloid that doubts the unity and integrity of the Wendish nation, and ask yourself whether they’re serving the agenda of peace, liberty, and equality, or something rather more Russian instead. And the next time your troublemaking "friend" at the union brings up "Fritz Metzler," tell him: "No thanks, I love Christ!"

update0-mexico.png

Political cartoon from Cincinnati newspaper.

SPANISH COLONIALS GRUMBLE
Morocco, Spanish Republic
With the dust settling in Spain finally, new Spanish media circles have picked up the story rotating in from the empire where the constant receding battle lines of the imperial forces have resulted in a great concentration of the remaining forces in Morocco. Now with the loss of the Philippines, a cry from the imperial gentry class of “but what about us!” is only matched by the apparent tragic futility of the French-style Revolutions that had attempted to occur only half a century ago. After all, if Gran Colombia, Mexico, Cuba, Argentina or even the Philippines been permitted to overthrow their kings, as the French once overthrow their own king, as the U.S. once overthrew its king, perhaps these regions would be prosperous republics today. Instead, they are almost all lost to the mob, the colonial police, or some demonic combination of the two. Truly, though imperialism is a savage business, maybe these grumbling Spanish officers are not where the blame for this failed empire lies.

TURKISH REVOLUTIONARIES SEIZE CONSTANTINOPLE, MOVE INTO THRACE; GREECE THREATENS WAR
Constantinople, Turkey
Trouble continues in the Balkans as a rogue armed band, apparently based in the hills around “Ankara” and having ties to old Turko-Islamic tribes, have managed to sneak past Commission garrisons and seize the city of Constantinople, apparently out from under their noses. The Commission forces have withdrawn, and rumors abound as to what plans exist to retake the city. Greek officials in Athens have reported that the Turkish armed band’s movements are “unacceptable” and that “any bandits in Thrace will be crushed in the coming year’s police actions.”

SOCIALISTS SWEEP DUTCH ELECTIONS
Amsterdam, Dutch Republic
In a shock to everyone, the socialists have managed to dominate the elections on an anti-war, anti-West program. Along the lines of “We shall not be France and England’s puppet any longer,” the current crop of populist candidates are wildly successful, and keen to use their position as a bludgeon against their political foes. Within the new government, a new divide is forming between the pro and anti-Indonesia factions, where certain die hard socialists insist on expanding representation to Indonesia - a preposterous concept that is widely maligned even within the socialist camp.

FILIPINO REBELLION HOISTS NEW FLAG
Manila, Philippines
Victory over the Spanish Empire became a reality in the Philippines this past year as the rebel forces have finally managed to rout the last of the Spanish military positions and seize the last of their property. With plantation after plantation captured now by peasant rebel tribunals, observers can only ask when the killing will end.

SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF WORKING WOMEN IN NEW ORLEANS DECLARE “WOMEN’S BILL OF RIGHTS”
New Orleans, U.S.A.
French, Italian, English, German, Czech, Italian, Spanish, Polish representatives. Read the headline! I don’t want to write on this, J.C. Get one of the junior staffers to do it, or see if we can move it to the evening edition. And make sure the boys with the plates get the memo this time.

update0-women.jpeg

Women socializing after a tea party.

—.-.-.—​

“It’s a little intoxicating, to walk around St. Petersburg and know it’s no longer that old Tsarist name. It’s almost as intoxicating as the smell of gunpowder and the ocean, that smell I smelled so fondly as we often sat with the naval officers at the harbor, shooting the sh*t about going to war, killing the Tsar, and building a new Russia.”​
Georgy Nikitin Obolensky
Editor for Skandalist, once a small Russian tabloid but now an international institution with editions in French, English, Mandarin, Japanese, Kazakh, Georgian, and Polish.​

“ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS!;” SOVIET COUNCIL DECLARES OLD CONSTITUTION VOID, NEW SOVIET REPUBLIC; ST. PETERSBURG RENAMED TO SOYUZGRAD
Soyuzgrad, Russian Soviet
In a series of events much to the entertainment of the local officers and pointmen of the St. Petersburg Union of Soviets, for months now acting as a perpetual peanut gallery to the activities of the provisional Russian Republic, the entire People’s Joint Faction was locked out of the Duma halls while an entirely legal “emergency session” was held, supervised by the Chief Councilor. The old constitution was effectively scrapped, and the new constitution formalized a transition of power to the soviets themselves, scattered across Russia. Although formally this empowered many bodies that either do not exist or have no feasible way of contacting any agents in Soyuzgrad, fundamentally the message was clear, and soviets across Russia have voiced their support and are already sending representatives to the capital city. The People’s Joint Faction has of course denounced this endeavor, and many of their top officers have been arrested and are now awaiting trial for treason (exile being the most likely punishment for most of that). Some have escaped west, to Poland, where they have begun lobbying for Commission support against the Soviets; and others have escaped southeast, to the Kazakh Republic, where they hope to find a sympathetic mind.

update0-soviet.jpeg

Soviet poses after successful revolutionary vote.

KAZAKH GENERALISSIMO CLAIMS MONGOLIA
Almaty, Kazakh Republic
To the shock and outrage of the Chinese authorities, the so-called “Kazakh Republic” has now sent its emissaries across the Gobi desert, demanding capitulation or else. Already a rump state that could do little more than answer to the Tsar (dead now for over a year), Mongolia could do little to speak for itself, and even the disunited government of China could offer no real objection. The British government has yet to comment on these affairs, although considering the history of the Afghan campaign it would not be unlikely if they did.

UKRAINIAN CIVIL WAR ESCALATES, SEVASTOPOL BASTION OF COMMUNISTS
Sevastopol, Ukraine Republic
Kiev is now a crossroads of warlords, as recon forces of the Black Ataman can now be spotted in Kievan outskirts pillaging as they wish. The Ukrainian government is scrambling to mobilize its scattered forces and respond, but the going is slow and the situation grows more chaotic by the day. Meanwhile in the south, the retreating communists have managed to find a home in Sevastopol, where reports indicate they have fully unfurled their banners within the city and are recruiting new forces to take the fight to the supposedly legitimate government in Kiev (and not to mention, the Black Ataman’s forces in the east).

CHINESE GENERALS ROOST IN BEIJING AS LINES ARE DRAWN IN MANCHU COUNTRY
Beijing, China
Republican generals have returned from campaign disappointed with the outcome won by the Treaty Force, which in establishing their new “Legation of Manchuria and Korea” has now split both the Japanese and Chinese empires asunder. Despite vociferous objections from the Chinese delegation, they were pointedly ignored at the point of French battleship forces, and the lines were drawn without regard even for property. The new Legation now balances all of these interests as it assembles its civil mercenary government. In Nanjing, a new government of the Republic of China has formed an assembly of representatives from most provinces in China. It is now expected some returning generals that are also members of the National Democracy Movement will give their blessings to the new government, despite sore feelings about the loss of Manchuria, which most politicians now argue was simply inevitable.

update0-nanjing.jpeg

Busy center streets in Nanjing.

JAPANESE BUSINESSES SHAKE IN TOKYO EXCHANGES BUT DOUBLE DOWN IN KOREA
Tokyo, Japan
Japan, a nation which experienced great development and industrial growth in the last quarter century, is currently experiencing a miniature economic crisis as investors desert the marketplace following the loss of position for Japanese businesses in Korea. However, few, if any, business relations are actually being nationalized; and at least for the time being, Japanese enterprise continues to act with impunity in Korea. However, Korean Citizens’ Leagues are being formed under the auspices of acting with the Legation, and although they bear no formal relationship to that body, are marshalling troops with clear intent to seize Japanese property and “liberate enslaved brethren.” Certain Japanese army units, rather than return to Japan, went to ground in the plantations and industrial complexes controlled by allied corporations, and set up their barracks among the steel mills to oversee the workers.

THE PROBLEMS OF BAGHDAD
Baghdad, Mesopotamian Commonwealth Protectorate
The British Republican Commonwealth: worldwide, a symbol, a dream, of liberty and a new age for the future of industrial civilization. It was not hard-handed and close-fisted, like that of the French, but soft-spoken and open-palmed. It was, of course, a lie, spun in the style of so many similar lies about the so-called “benefits” of Western imperialism. An ancient kingdom, steeped in tradition, destroyed to the last man and its ancestral princes killed and exiled? This is usually called “progress,” and so, too, was the case with Mesopotamia and the British syndicates. Without any respect for the ancient traditions of this land, the territories of the Armenians, the Assyrians, and the Yaz’idi have been eviscerated, and princes nominated as republican governors remain distant bureaucrats, closely affiliated with their colonial masters and bearing not a shred of resemblance to their fathers’ fathers. Is this really the condition of mankind in the 20th century? To allow entire nations to be laid waste, in the name of soulless profits, and Godless merchants? Well, only history can answer us, really. And according to Fritz Metzler, the scientific socialist, it does answer us. We only have to be willing to consider the evidence for what it actually is. To those who don't believe me, take a walk in Baghdad, and tell me if anything hits you as much as the smell of blood and rot.


Map, beginning of 1919
JASONRESTORED_oceans.png

—.-.-.—​

Post-Update Debrief


This was Update 0. I hope you will enjoy, but we'll really get into things with Update 1.

To send orders, simply examine your stats, decide if you want to move any IC around, and then send a PM detailing your instructions for your nation. If you're having trouble getting started, act as if you're instructing your political lieutenants, whom you will expect to be able to exercise some independence even while carrying out your will.

To obtain information and context about your nation to help you make these decisions and feel confident dealing with other players, join the Discord chat room and ask; or if that scene is too screwed up for you, you can post in this thread, or you can send me PMs here on the forums, or on Discord (and you can find me through aforesaid chat room, which you can at least join if you don't want to actually chat in).

If you have a question or really anything to say about the game at all and don't know where to say it, screw it, just post it here with a little "OOC" tag. Like so:


JimmyKiller566 posts forum message contents:
"OOC: Boy howdy I love this game and Crezth is the best!"



All right, now good luck out there.

You may now post.

You may also post expressions of interest in playing as unreserved nations.
 
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Information about Italy's colonies and the status of the war:

The Western Commission has occupied the Lombard states, particularly Milan, and Rome, and Sicily. Italy is disorganized and politically divided, meaning the government has to somehow reform. The French military posture is overwhelming, and Italian forces are both in disarray and deserting.

Italy's navy is intact and fully operational.

Italy had colonies in the Upper Nile, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen, and Oman, but France and the British have occupied them. Legally, they're still Italy's.

The western players shall dictate terms to Italy. Italy's player will decide whether to make peace, being fully aware that Italy is on the verge of destruction if they don't tread cautiously.

You will most likely seek to demilitarize Italy and extract reparation payments from it, stripping it of its colonies and diminishing its ability to wage war on you again, but it's ultimately up to you.

Germany's peace is separate. The current German government has capitulated, and is paying generous reparations. If the German player chooses to pay, they will be paid automatically. If not, then it will become obvious.

Russia's peace is realized in an annexation of eastern and Baltic territories to Poland. Reparations are owed, but it's up to the Soviets whether to pay them. Technically some Polish politicians expect a chunk of Ukraine as well. So be worried about that.

The value of the reparations owed by Germany is roughly 7 IC per turn for 10 turns, and for Russia it is 5 IC per turn for 10 turns. These are split France-Britain by 4-3 and 3-2.
 
OFFICIAL MISSIVE OF CONSUL EDOARDO SILANO

Due to the disappearance of Emperor Mario Emmanuel I and this unprecedented national crisis, the Second Imperial Congress of the Italians has voted to give itself emergency powers and appoint former Consul Luigi Umberto as Emperor-Regent. He will serve in this position until the location of Emperor Mario Emmanuel I can be confirmed. In the case that our Emperor is alive and well, he will resume his duties. If the Emperor is dead or incapacitated, the Emperor-Regent will serve until the Italian provinces can appoint an Assembly of Electoral Authorities.

OFFICIAL MISSIVE OF EMPEROR-REGENT LUIGI UMBERTO

As Emperor-Regent of the Italians, I demand that the victorious Western Commission recognises the legitimacy of my government so that we may begin the process of bringing peace to Europe.
 
I'm China.
 
Diplomatic Notes from the State Department of the United States of America:

1. The United States Government recognizes the Italian Interim Government and asks all civillized nations to do the same. The Great European War has cost too much blood already. We also wish italy good fortune in their search for their missing Emperor.
2. The United States Government recognizes the independent Republic of Phillipines and asks to establish regular diplomatic ties with them. We wish for nothing but friendship and economic cooperation between our two great people and Republics.
3. The United States Government also officially recognizes the indepdent Government of Central America. As fellow Americans we welcome them and ask to establish regular diplomatic ties. We wish for friendship and shared prosperity between our two nations.

Signed by the Secretary of State Theobald Roosebud.
 
The deadline for sending orders is October 22nd, at 6 PM Pacific Time.

This is a hard deadline, meaning that the update will come the next day regardless if orders from all players are received. Failing to send orders may lead to political instability as other agents within your state will take the opportunities presented to act. Broad, undetailed orders are always superior to no orders.

Japan is currently reserved for Dubbeleh until the end of the month, when they may be able to confirm playing. Until then, please treat Japan as an NPC, and address me with your Japan-directed diplomacy.
 
France is now NPC, although I intend soon to secure a new player for them. In the meantime, please come to me for your French diplomacy needs.
 
EMPEROR-REGENT LUIGI UMBERTO

On behalf of Italy, I accept these peace terms as dictated by the Western Commission:

  1. That Italy shall surrender no less than 3/4 of its floating and underwater naval assets on a per-category basis, to France.
  2. That Italy shall disband all of its standing army forces such that no more than 10 Guards and 5 Infantry Divisions total may remain.
  3. That Italy together with Germany accept all blame for the war, and Italy shall pay reparations the total value of which shall be 100 IC paid out over 10 years.
  4. That Italy shall demilitarize its border with France and construct no fortifications and install no garrisons within 100 km of its northwestern border with France.
  5. That Italy shall surrender its colonies in the Upper Nile, Ethiopia, Somalia, Oman, and Yemen to the Western Commission, to be redistributed within.

    In exchange, we will cease the occupation of Italy.
 
EMPEROR-REGENT LUIGI UMBERTO

Italy is looking to sell excess infantry equipment to nations in good standing with the Western Commission. Please contact the appropriate Italian representative in your country for more details.
 
The Soviet Revolutionaries

Led by their fearless leader, Anton K. Obin, the Social Democrats are in complete control of Russia as of 1918. Having been arrested or fled the country, the rightists of the People’s Joint Faction, are no more. All power has transferred to the numerous Soviets of peasants and workers whose delegates compose the All-Russian Congress of Soviets in Soyuzgrad. With much work to do as the World Revolution continues, the Soviets have elected the first Council of People’s Commissars, or the Sovnarkom, where Obin chairs a collective leadership of Social Democrats and SRs.

Who are the great Soviet revolutionaries?

First, there are the big three: the leaders of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party’s “soft” and “hard” factions – the dogmatiks and the massoviks – and also the leader of the Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries (SRs).

Chairing both the Sovnarkom of the Russian Soviet Republic and the Political Bureau (Politburo) of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) and therefore the de facto leader of Russia is Anton Kirillovich Rybakov, better known as Anton Obin. Born in 1868 to a Tartar mother and a Russian father in Tambov, Obin a middle class life and a good education that led him into political activism and eventually a commanding position in the RSDLP by the turn of the century. Obin’s writings, like many of the other Russian socialists, staked out opposition to the revolutionary theories of Lorenzo Baldosa and broadly western socialists who exalt the French Revolution as the only legitimate model for a socialist revolution. Writing in the underground workers’ newspaper Borba (which he co-founded) under his pen name (chosen for the next largest river of Russia not yet taken by other comrades), Obin and other Russian socialists argued against the Napoleonic model of revolution. After the ideological debates of the 1890s Obin answered western socialists with his major work, Dogmatism and Social Democracy, a tract that most successfully advanced the concept of a revolutionary vanguard and opposed the Baldosan mythologizing of Napoleon as an archetypal figure for whom a socialist version should be sought out in the time of revolution so as to consolidate a heroic revolutionary state (that state, the western socialists presumed, being in France first). Anti-Baldosanism took deep root across the Russian left, though Obin’s cultivation of professional revolutionaries as a vanguard was a bridge too far for Obin’s opponents in the RSDLP, garnering him derision as an "anarchist" at times. The division nearly split the party in the early 1900s, whereafter Obin’s faction became known as the “dogmatiks” due to the name of their leader’s great thesis.

What is less well known to both the Russian people and the wider world is that the socialist unity of the RSDLP, from the early 1900s debates that nearly split the party to the start of the Great War to the decisive moments of 1918, depended mightily on the role of Vera Petrova, the leading figure of the RSDLP’s “soft” faction. Despite tumultuous ideological and political conflicts, a bond of personal friendship between Petrova and Obin, and their mutual frustration with Francocentric western socialists, kept the party together. Born Vera Schneurson in 1872 in Chernigov to a working class Jewish family, Petrova engaged in political activism and proletarian union organizing at a young age while working as a tailor, later marrying a Ukrainian socialist revolutionary, Georgi Petrov. Her theoretical works include Spontaneous Solidarity, where she argues for carrying out the class struggle through massive social organizing during wider spontaneous unrest, as well as Conquest of the State, which advances how workers’ councils (soviets) emerging from strikes and in a revolutionary moment might serve as the basis of proletarian democracy (a prophetic thesis in the case of Soviet Russia). Petrova’s camp is therefore referred to as the massoviks for their emphasis on the masses as opposed to a revolutionary vanguard.

As leader of the Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries (SRs), Stepan Serpov commands the greater share of support from the peasantry, to whom the SR platform is aimed. The SRs are agrarian socialists exalting collectivism and communal ownership of land, and there has regularly been enmity and mutual contempt between the SRs and the RSDLP. One sticking point, besides the adulation of the peasantry instead of the proletariat, is that the SRs are more amenable to western emphasis on the French model of revolution, with some saying that Stepan Serpov sees himself as Russia’s Napoleon in-waiting. Winning less than a majority but nonetheless an impressive second place in-terms of the left-wing delegates in the Duma and delegates in-general in the Congress of Soviets, Stepan Serpov took the fateful plunge and made a grand bargain with Obin and Petrova – agreeing to bar the People’s Joint Faction from the body and handing all power to the Soviets. Born in 1856, Stepan Platonov Ivanovsky grew up in a working class Belarusian family and went to a religious school where he excelled but ultimately relented from the path of priesthood to instead join revolutionary politics under the party name Serpov (taken from a symbol of the peasantry, the Russian word for sickle). He converted wholesale to agrarian socialism in the 1870s and brought a religious fervour to their cause, becoming a founding member of the SRs and eventually its singular leader.

Then there are the other giants of the Social Democrats who now hold decisive posts in the Sovnarkom and other organs of the emerging Soviet state.

The two most dynamic and prolific Sovnarkom Social Democrats, aside from Anton and Petrova themselves, are Isaac Gefestov, Commissar of Foreign Affairs, and Kazimir Rozalsky, Commissar of Nationalities. Born as Isaak Aaronovich Karpovsky in Kazan to a family of wealthy Jewish landowners, Gefestov (his party name taken from the Russian word for Hephaestus) was a child prodigy who began socialist agitation first with agrarian socialists of the 1880s, switching to the RSDLP upon its formation as a massovik and close ally of Vera Petrova. During the near-split between the massoviks and the dogmatiks in the early 1900s, Gefestov developed a theory of socialist unity through several essays (most importantly What to Do?: Questions of Socialist Unity), whereby reformers and revolutionaries, and different camps of revolutionaries, could remain united in common struggle.

Kazimir Lvovich Gzowski was born into Polish nobility in 1878 a small town near Minsk, adopting the party name Rozalsky in a nod to a character in a Polish fiction influential among revolutionary circles in eastern Europe. Kazimir excelled in academics and went to Saint Petersburg University to become a medical doctor, a career he abandoned upon his sudden conversion Metzlerism upon reading the Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital. As a rising member of the party, Rozalsky formulated the RSDLP’s nationality policy in 1912, writing Metzlerism and Nationality, where he contended the need to reverse Russification and to embrace a principle of “national personal autonomy” that would dissociate nationality from territory. On the Sovnarkom he has been arguing for the non-national delineation of administrative divisions – a separation of nation and state.

Finally there are the party’s chief theoretician, an informal role unquestionably held by Sergei Voevodsky, and the head of the newly created All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (Cheka), Benia Spartakov. Voevodsky was born in 1886 to two Russian schoolteachers in Petrograd and became an activist through his studies at Saint Petersburg Imperial University where he participated in student activism that led him to join the RSDLP. A diverse thinker, being perhaps the foremost reader of non-Metlzerian economic and political thought, Voevodsky is the party’s most prolific theoretician, tasked with writing the party’s English-language primer, The ABC of Social Democracy, and the author of numerous books on economics even praised by liberal economists, such as Luxury Economics and the Leisure Class, as well as the political science of socialist governance such as his newest book (published in 1919), Soviet Republicanism.

Beniamin Chakhvashvili was born in 1884 to a Georgian family of petty merchants. Spartakov joined the RSDLP shortly out of graduating from the Kutaisi Gymnasium, defying his parents wishes to become an army officer and instead becoming a radical activist. As Spartakov is a master of disguise and the party’s most formidable militant, he was the party’s chief organizer of illegal activities prior to the revolution and was promoted to the post of the Cheka, a special police force tasked with hunting down rightists in 1919. Spartakov gravitated to the dogmatik faction of the RSDLP because of its radicalism, becoming a professional revolutionary, and also a writer for the party’s paper during the Great War.

Despite their differences, the Russian social democratic tradition is united, fighting their corner of the World Revolution, and wary of a Napoleonic usurper who would pretend to be the people's champion.
 
Hey all, just wanted to thank those that sent in orders, and note that I am aware of some first time order blues, so two things:

1. I want to get some more weight into this update while giving people time to engage a bit more (myself included), so I'm pushing the "deadline" back to October 29th. Those who haven't sent orders may still do so. I will be attempting to update on October 30th.

2. A more complete order set, with annotations, to explain a little about what your orders are actually meant to accomplish:

State Enterprise Orders:
We are engaging in three (3) discrete projects this turn, which will require the commitment of 3 unreserved Public Services spending. We have, with 4 Public Services and (-1) upkeep, 3 to spend. Since these are state enterprise projects, I MUST commit 1 Public Services; if they were private enterprise projects, I would not have to do that, but the effectiveness of my activity is likely to be mitigated.

1. Agricultural development program. We should seek to introduce new modern farming techniques and farm equipment and reform the distribution of land.

2. Industrial development program. We should seek to expand our steel plant and coal facilities and increase the production of pig iron, and various aggregates.

3. Infrastructural development program. We will create a market for our pig iron and aggregate industries by commissioning a new public service branch to oversee the building of state-owned railroads.

With no special public services effort, attempt to continue disenfranchising the samurai. Offer promotions to some samurai in the bureaucracy in order to win their loyalty. With this justification, attempt to move 1 military industry to public services.

Spending Plan:
Move 1 Private Enterprise to State Enterprise, along the lines of nationalization and modernization for our industrial development programs. The people have to contribute to the empire.
Move 1 Military Industry to Public Services, along the lines of modernization and dismantling the samurai.

Next Year Plan:
Plan to move 1 Private Enterprise to State Enterprise, anticipating the need for continuing infrastructure development.

Miscellaneous:
With whatever government effort capability remains to us, print and issue propaganda flyers in our cities extolling the virtues of the monarch and particularly his representation of the nation.


Hope this helps, I'll stay in touch and you can always hit me up on discord or by PM.
 
Welcome to Imperium Offtopicum! I hope you've read the rules of this game carefully as well as the world situation. Come on and join us in the IOT Community Server on Discord, invite's in the third post (or thereabouts)!
 
Interested in playing as Hungary.
Confirmed. With both the Ninja Cow and the Plains Cow in this game, the possibilities are unlimited.

OOC: As not all players will use the Discord service, besides which the Discord chatroom is not actually a great record of game activity, I would again like to encourage all players to use this thread and private messaging to be inclusive. Only assume that you can Discord chat with players that have confirmed doing so; the default for diplomacy should be this forum.
 
Confirmed. With both the Ninja Cow and the Plains Cow in this game, the possibilities are unlimited.

OCC: this will be legendary
 
OOC: Update on the update: the update is 75% done, and I've now gotten everything I need from the players; I'll be taking care of some things this week that should allow me to post update #1 this weekend.
 
Extended deadline has been locked, the update will post in 26 hours and 55 minutes.
 
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