I have two recent games that you can look at if you like, it's fractal though, not pangea but I have tried to keep details high, so that it can be of use for others reading. https://forums.civfanatics.com/threads/deity-fredrich.645258/ https://forums.civfanatics.com/threads/a-game-of-kublai.645867/ In both games I seem to be at about 5 cities around 1000bc. 1AD I'm at 12-13 cities. Regarding research, it depends on so many factors... But generally if you have access to many AIs (and you do on a Pangea) just researching aestethics usually give you plenty of tradebait. You do have to put some beakers into alfabet to get the trade through though. Something one has to learn is to accept that you can't have everything. Making hard decisions of what you _really_ need and what you can do without is rather crucial. Regarding the chops question I asked. In your current situation here in this game, I think that chops should land in the granary or the library. I would absolutely not whip any of them, whips I would concentrate on settlers and workers. Trying to get as close at 39/100 and 29/60 as possible, carefully not going over that. Having a settler built at 39/100 and doing a 3pop whip gives you 30+ hammers overflow, that and a few chops will finish your granary. The situation you are in, is that you have alot of food, and less production. The whip turns food (or rather population) into hammers. A chop is 20 raw hammers, and it would be a waste to drop those into a worker/settler in this situation (imho). If you are in a more low-food situation, the opposite would be true, there you would want to have all food go into population to get your pop up, so chops would land into workers/settlers to conserve as much food at possible... See https://forums.civfanatics.com/threads/nobles-club-202-churchil-of-england.639632/ for such a situation.