With regards to the proposed 1900 starting date scenario I have been thinking about what different civics each civilisation should have, however, I have also realised that I am not entirely sure on what some of the civics are meant to represent. With that in mind, I would be very interested to hear what everyone else thinks they represent! Some specific examples of this: I take Despotism to represent anything from ancient monarchies with extremely centralised (albeit somewhat ill-defined) power structures to more modern military and presidential (i.e. "non-ideological") dictatorships. Was that the intention? Why do people think that China and Russia mostly run Despotism instead of Monarchy for most of the game? Do Republic and Elective have any more modern forms of government they are supposed to represent? I have always taken Republic to represent a loose confederation of small and often highly autonomous states. These include anything from the Ancient Greek City States to the Dutch Republic and, for more modern states, the Boer Republics and (arguably) even the 1st Brazilian Republic. At what point do people think that democratic nations generally began switching over to Egalitarianism? I have previously taken it to represent the move towards equal universal suffrage (i.e. for both men and women with no property requirements or weighting imbalances) but the later civil rights movements that emerged in multiple countries could also be used as a benchmark too. Do Redistribution or Merchant Trade have any modern parallels at all? Does Redistribution only represent ancient Palace Economies? Is Regulated Trade supposed to represent more modern protectionist heavy economies as well or is that better represented by Central Planning or another civic? For specific examples, I'm thinking of the general move towards protectionism that took place during the interwar period and also, to some extent, the attempts made to move towards autarky in several countries.